The summary of primary school Chinese knowledge points includes: alphabet, initial consonants, finals, overall recognition of syllables, matters needing attention in spelling, quantifiers, related words, rhetorical methods, punctuation marks, catchphrases, and sentences. 1. Alphabet (sound sequence) Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww 2. Initial consonants b p m f d t n l g k h j q x zh ch sh r z c s y w 3. Finals 1. Single finals: a o e i u ü (6) 2. Complex finals: ai , ei, ui, ao, ou, iu, ie, üe, er (9) 3. Nasal finals: (front nasal) an, en, in, un, ün (back nasal) ang, eng, ing, ong four , Overall recognition and reading of the syllables zhi, chi, shi, ri, zi, ci, si, ye, yi, yin, ying, wu, yu, yue, yun, yuan (16) 5. Matters needing attention in spelling 1. j When , q, or Capital Six. Quantifier Words that represent the quantitative unit of people, things or actions are called quantifiers. 1. Quantifiers expressing people: person, position, bar. A boy, a teacher, a hero 2. Quantifiers for animals: only, piece, head, strip, and peak. A bird, a horse, a sheep, a fish, a camel 3. Quantifiers indicating literary and artistic works: Feng, Ze, Shu, Pian, Dao, and Sheng. A letter, a joke, a song, an essay, a painting 7. Related words 1. Parallel relationship: side… side…; side… side…; not… but…; sometimes… sometimes…; both… And…; and…and…; then…then… 2. Successive relationship: once…then…; first…then…; again…;…then…; then… 3. Progressive relationship: not only…but also; not…but ; not only…but also; not only (not only, not only, not only)…but also (also, also) 4. Causality: because…so; because…therefore…;the reason…is because;since…then …5. Choice relationship: yes…or; not…either; either…or; rather than…; rather…not; rather…not… 6. Turning relationship: although…but; although…yet; although…but; But (can, but, but, however, but, just, only) 7. Hypothetical relationship: if (assuming, if, if)… then (then, then); even (even, even, even if)… also (yet) ) 8. Conditional relationship: as long as…; only…; unless…; however… The key to the use of related words is the cultivation of language sense. If the meaning of a sentence is different after you add related words, then It is definitely wrong, so the trick to using related words lies in the accurate understanding and grasp of sentences and meanings. 8. Rhetoric means modifying words and sentences and using various expression methods to make language expression accurate, clear, vivid and powerful. Commonly used rhetorical techniques include: metaphor, personification, exaggeration, parallelism, antithesis, repetition, questioning, rhetorical question, quotation, contrast, metonymy, irony, truth, intertextuality, comparison, etc. 1. Metaphor: To put it bluntly, it is a metaphor, which uses the similarities between things and uses one thing to explain another thing. 2. Personification: giving human characteristics to things, making things speak, move, and have emotions like humans. 3. Exaggeration: an expanded or reduced description of something, but it is not boundless, unprincipled and infinite. It is different from boasting, but an artistic expansion or reduction. 4. Parallelism: Arranging three or more phrases or sentences with the same or similar structure and consistent expectations to enhance the expression effect. 5. Rhetorical question: Use the expectation of the question to express a definite meaning or emphasize the tone. To put it bluntly, there is a question and answer in the sentence. Asking questions: To put it bluntly, you are asking and answering yourself. 6. Pun: In a specific language environment, a word or sentence is deliberately given a double meaning. 7. Quotation: Quoting other people’s words, idioms, allusions, etc. 8. Irony: Deliberately speaking irony, using a word or sentence that has the opposite meaning to express the meaning. 9. Contrast: compare the positive and negative aspects of two things or the positive and negative aspects of things together. 10. Parallelism: Use two sentences or phrases with equal number of words and similar structure to express similar, related or opposite meanings. 11. Repetition: Deliberately repeating a word or sentence to express strong feelings. 12. Metaphorism: Do not directly say the person or thing you want to say, but borrow people or things related to this thing or person. 9. Punctuation Marks Commonly used punctuation marks in elementary schools: (16 types) comma, period. Question mark? Exclamation mark! Colon: semicolon; double quotation mark \”\”, comma, bracket () dash – ellipses… Book title number \”\” Emphasis mark. Connection number (——) Proper name mark (–) Basic concepts and usage: 1. Comma: indicates the general word in the middle of a sentenceSexual pause. 2. Period: used for the final pause of a complete sentence. 3. Question mark: indicates the pause and tone at the end of a question sentence. 4. Exclamation mark: used as a pause and tone at the end of a sentence to express strong emotion. 5. Colon: indicates the pause after the prompting utterance. 6. Semicolon: It indicates a pause that is generally larger than a comma and smaller than a pause, and is a larger pause between complex sentences. 7. Double quotation marks: indicates that the text directly quotes the words of others, books, characters, etc. 8. Pause: indicates a pause between parallel words in a sentence. 9. Brackets: mark the annotated parts of the text. 10. Dash: indicates the occurrence of various contexts, modalities and grammatical meanings. 11. Ellipsis: indicates content that has been omitted due to various reasons to facilitate narrative. 12. Book title number: Indicates the name of a book, chapter, newspaper, document, opera, picture, etc. 13. Emphasis marks: Indicate words and sentences that are particularly important in the text and require attention. 14. Interval number: indicates the division between time, nation, book title, and person’s name. 15. Connection numbers: punctuation marks indicating the beginning and end of time, place, number, etc. 16. Proper names: Indicates names of people, places, countries, etc. 10. Afterwords 1. The Eight Immortals Crossing the Sea – Each Shows His Magic Power 2. The Bricks of the Wall – Coming from Behind 3. The Red Plum Blossoms Early – Standing Out 4. When the Car Arrives at the Mountain – There Must Be a Road 5. Breaking the Casserole – ————Ask the truth 6. Looking at people through the cracks in the door————Looking down on people 7. The tiger has fallen into a trap————Being bullied by the dog 8. Adding superfluity————An unnecessary move 9. The arrow is on the string————Have to shoot 10. Bottom of the well Frog – short-sighted 11. Looking for a needle in a haystack – nowhere to be found 12. Fetching water from a bamboo basket – all in vain 13. Open the skylight – speak frankly 14. The boat reaches the bridge – it will be straight 15. A moth flies into the flame ——- Suicide 16. The 100-meter race ——- Race against time 17. Destroy the growth ——- Eager for success 18. Enemies meet ——- Extremely jealous 19. Sesame blossoms ——- Sesame blossoms 20. New officials take office ——–Three Fires 21. The blind man lights the lamp——-Waste in vain 22. Rabbit’s tail——-Can’t grow 23. Stealing chickens will not succeed——- Losing a handful of rice 24. Wang Po sells melons——- Self-promotion 25. Tiger’s butt——- Can’t be touched 26. Tiger pulls cart—— ——Who dares 27. A mouse crosses the street ——Everyone shouts \”Hit\” 28. Although a sparrow is small————Full-organized 29. Thatch on the wall——Follow the wind 30. Thirty-six strategies——The best strategy is to go 31. A blessing in disguise——It’s a blessing in disguise. 32. There’s no wine in the pot——It’s hard to keep a guest. 33. The monk Zhang Er——can’t figure it out. 34. If you borrow something, you can return it——It’s not difficult to borrow again. 35. A cat cries like a mouse. ——-False compassion 36. Eating popsicles in three-nine days ——-Chilled heart 37. Clay Bodhisattva crossing the river ——-I can’t protect myself 38. Playing the piano to the cow ——-It’s a waste of effort 39. The wooden fish in the temple–Let anyone beat it 40. The overlord toasts——You have to do it even if you don’t want to do it 41. The nail is on the board——Can’t run away 42. Pour the beans through the bamboo tube——Go straight 43. The weasel pays New Year greetings to the chicken——No good intentions 44. Bamboo shoots are unearthed——Jiejie High 45. Dumplings cooked in a teapot – can\’t be poured out 46. Hitting a nail – head-to-head 47. Beating drums on high mountains – famous in all directions 48. Dog bites Lu Dongbin – not recognizing good people 49. Mute Eating dumplings——Knowing the truth 50. An iron-beating rooster——not plucking a dime 51. An egg touching a stone——not overestimating one’s own abilities 52. Jiang Taigong fishing——those willing to take the bait 53. A mute eats yellow lotus———There are hardships that cannot be told 54. Confucius moved——It’s just a book 55. The puppet sheds tears——The fake man fakes righteousness 56. The green hills are left——not afraid of not having firewood 57. In the crack of the door Looking at people——looking down on people 58. Clay Bodhisattva crossing the river——can’t protect oneself 59. Water thrown out——can’t take it back 60. Riding a donkey to read the songbook——Let’s see 61. Thousands of miles away Goose feathers——The etiquette is light but the affection is too heavy 62. The meat bun beats the dog——There is no return 63. There are no tigers in the mountains——The monkey is called the king 64. Sima Zhao’s heart——Everyone knows it 65. The nephew lights up the lantern—— – Still the same (Uncle) 68. Green onion mixed with tofu – – Clear and white 69. The little monk chants sutras – – You have your mouth but not your heart 70. Zhou Yu hits the yellow lid – – One is willing to hit and the other is willing to suffer 71. No need for an awl to put on shoes – – Really OK 72. A rolling pin and blowing fire——know nothing 73. A lame man gets on the kang——One step at a time 74. Boiling an empty cage in boiling water——Don’t fight for the steamed buns 75. A scholar encounters a soldier——Can’t explain his reasoning 76. Three Stooges——-The best Zhuge Liang 77. Scalpers chasing rabbits——-Can’t use their strength 78. Marrying a wife during the New Year——-Double Happiness 79. Putting onions in a pig’s nose——- Pretending to be an elephant 80. Only state officials are allowed Arson fire – people are not allowed to light lamps 81. Zhu Bajie looks in the mirror – he is not a human being inside and outside 82. The disturbance in the pond – a big deal 83. Crossing the river with a beard – excessive modesty 11. Sentence 1. Declarative sentence: used Tell someone something or a truth, a sentence that expresses a declarative tone, generally with a calm tone, and a period at the end of the sentence. example:(1) Xiao Ming’s good friend is a student. (2) We will go on an autumn outing tomorrow. (3) The night sky is full of twinkling stars. 2. Interrogative sentences: Sentences used to raise questions. The intonation at the end of the sentence rises. There are often question words \”what, what, what, what, etc.\” with a question mark at the end of the sentence. Example: (1) Is this book yours? (2) Have you had lunch? (3) What is he doing? 3. Imperative sentences: Sentences expressing commands, requests, hopes or dissuasion. Depending on the intonation of the sentence, exclamation points or periods can be used. Example: (1) Don’t wander around! (2) Please give me that book. 4. Exclamatory sentences: Sentences used to express feelings and express exclamations, with an exclamation mark at the end of the sentence. Example: (1) The scenery in spring is so beautiful! (2) The power of seeds is so great!