Just one week into school, Tingting\’s mother was already called to the school by her teacher for a talk. Tingting has a lot of problems: she can\’t concentrate in class, often talks to herself, and can\’t understand the teacher\’s instructions. But the most serious problem is that she often writes words backwards, writes b instead of d, can\’t distinguish between p and q, and can\’t distinguish between numbers. Being able to write backwards not only misspells letters and numbers, but also Chinese characters. The teacher told me that the characters I just learned can be written backwards, so I tolerated it. My own name, Tingting, can actually be written backwards into mirror characters. The teacher patiently taught me a few times. This time, Tingting felt better when she was staring at her. If she wasn\’t staring at her side, she would write mirror characters again. The teacher suggested that her mother take Tingting to have a checkup to find out what the problem was. Tingting\’s mother actually discovered this problem when she was teaching Tingting to write. She also felt that Tingting had an improper learning attitude and was not serious, so she deliberately made mistakes. Many times, she watched Tingting while she was writing. She found that sometimes Tingting was very serious about writing stroke by stroke, but she would still write the words backwards, which made her feel confused. Tingting\’s mother also asked a friend for advice. A friend asked Tingting if she had a cesarean section. She said that the child who had a cesarean section was not squeezed through the birth canal and the cerebellum was not well developed. But Tingting was born naturally, so this reason is not valid. Tingting\’s mother had also worried about whether Tingting had an IQ problem, but Tingting\’s reactions in other aspects were quite sharp. Although she was not quick to tell stories and answer questions, she was still able to speak well, so every time she Will deny the answer in my heart. But after being criticized by the teacher, Tingting\’s mother began to doubt Tingting\’s IQ, but she did not dare to take Tingting for a check-up, fearing that there was really a problem with Tingting\’s IQ, and she didn\’t know what to do. Why does Tingting always write her words backwards like mirror characters? Is there really something wrong with her IQ? Tingting\’s problem is not an isolated case. If you observe carefully, you will find that many children have this situation. The most common situation they have is: bd cannot be distinguished, pq cannot be distinguished, mn, wv, on and no cannot be distinguished, etc., in Chinese Words such as \”大太狗本木\” and other similar words are often confused. In mathematics, 6 and 9, 36 and 63, 27 and 72, 66 and 99 are often misunderstood… regardless of whether children are born by natural birth or cesarean section. This situation may arise. Some children even write mirror characters from time to time when they are 8 or 9 years old. This is not because the children are not serious, nor does it mean that they have IQ problems. There are many reasons for this situation. First: The division of labor between the left and right brains is not yet mature. Children are in the period of brain development, and the left and right brains have not yet fully differentiated. Their thinking will tend to be natural and instinctive. Under such circumstances, it is normal to not distinguish between left and right brains. Not only are left and right indistinguishable, but it is also easy to mix up and down, such as writing 6 and 9 incorrectly. Second: Psychological conflicts bring about visual inversion. The bd is not distinguished, the pq is confused, and the numbers are written in mirror characters. This is not a problem for one or two children. Looking around the world, there are many such children. A Yale University study found that visual inversion is a problem that cannot be ignored in children\’s development, especially in children around 6 years old. This is because a 6-year-old child himself is a little contradictory body, combining two extremes in one, swinging extremely far. He oftenIf you want to have the best of both worlds, you are in a dilemma when faced with a choice. The two psychological extremes also bring about extremes in writing, and the order and strokes of numbers and letters are often reversed. This situation will gradually decrease as they grow up day by day and continue to achieve inner integration in their lives. Third: Insufficient visual ability. In addition to the conflict between physical and mental development, the strength of a person\’s observation ability is also related to the strength of his visual ability. When the human brain sees something, it first looks at it briefly or is attracted and then pays close attention to the details. In this process, children whose visual abilities have been trained will look carefully at any image they see, bit by bit, and form a deep impression. This is just like the way a computer recognizes pictures. No matter it is any picture, even if it is just a simple drawing, when the computer \”observes\”, it compares pixel by pixel row by row. If a child is used to careful observation, it is easier for her brain to form deep impressions. Children with insufficient visual ability cannot carefully distinguish the images they see in front of them. When they see similar words, they blur them and naturally cannot distinguish them clearly. Fourth: Insufficient spatial perception ability. Spatial perception ability is a complex perception integrated by the joint activities of vision, hearing, touch and kinesthetics. It is the translation of the human body\’s perception of the shape, size, distance, orientation and other spatial characteristics of objects. If the spatial perception is insufficient, the child\’s sense of direction, distance, depth, etc. will be insufficient, which manifests itself in learning, such as writing mirror characters. Fifth: The nervous system is not fully developed and the hand-eye coordination is uncoordinated. Writing requires not only observation, but also hand-eye coordination. What the eyes see is accurately transmitted to the brain, and the brain then transmits instructions to the hands. If what the eyes see is biased, the brain will also be biased when transmitting instructions. Even if what the eyes see is correct, because the nervous system is not fully developed and cannot accurately transmit instructions, or the hand nerves do not obey the brain\’s instructions, you will still write backwards. Therefore, it is a normal phenomenon for children to write backward characters as they grow up. However, this kind of behavior will disappear naturally as the child grows up day by day. Generally speaking, this condition begins to appear when the child is 4-5 years old, and it is most obvious around the age of 5-6. Children aged 6-7 years old have various symptoms. After the ability improved, the condition of mirror characters began to decrease and gradually disappeared until the age of 8. Of course, some children will last longer, especially those whose visual ability has not improved in time, which is likely to last longer. Although we understand that this is a normal phenomenon in the growth process of children, parents will still be worried if their children at home have a similar situation. Especially when children go to school and have academic pressure, and similar situations occur, parents will be very stressed. What can you do when your child keeps writing mirror characters? First of all, of course, we need to be patient and accept it. This is a normal phenomenon in the growth of children, and it is also a stage. Even if the child has already gone to school, if she keeps writing mirror characters like Tingting, it also means that her mental ability is relatively small. Parents should be patient and give their children more growth. Space, when their brains are more clearly differentiated and their body and mind are better integrated, this situation will naturally disappear. Secondly, take your children to do more exercises to improve their visual abilities. i have writtenThere are many ways to improve visual ability, such as stringing, beading, painting, coloring, paper-cutting, kneading plasticine, puzzles, building Lego, building blocks, etc., which can effectively exercise visual ability. When children continue to practice their eyes After understanding various shapes, lines and spaces, his visual discrimination ability can be gradually exercised. Third, take your children to exercise more. Exercise can improve spatial perception, allowing children to learn balance, understand up, down, left, and right directions, and master speed, distance, height, etc. Children\’s muscle strength, physical flexibility, rhythm, etc. will also be continuously improved during exercise. When these abilities are improved and the child\’s perception becomes stronger, the child\’s ability to write mirror characters can also be improved. I would also like to remind everyone here that many parents think that exercise means letting their children run on the playground, ride bicycles, play on slides, chase and play. This method is more suitable for children aged 2 or 3, but 4-year-olds It is not suitable for the above children. Children over 4 years old should be allowed to engage in targeted sports, such as swimming, shooting ball, skating, skipping rope, long jump, throwing sandbags, etc. In fact, kindergartens have detailed requirements for children\’s athletic ability. These exercises are what children of that age should normally achieve. When a child can do it, his athletic ability can meet the needs of learning, including the level of concentration. Parents themselves When you don’t know how to train your motor ability, you might as well ask your kindergarten teacher what the sports requirements are for each semester. If the child can complete it, his motor ability will improve, and his spatial perception will naturally become stronger. Fourth: Practice hand-eye balance and finger flexibility. Insufficient finger flexibility will affect writing and holding chopsticks. Similarly, inflexible fingers and insufficient hand-eye coordination will also cause mirror writing, so finger flexibility training is required. Fifth: Involve children more in housework. Parents are willing to let go and let their children do their own things. Let them learn to wash their own handkerchiefs, practice peeling beans, sweeping the floor, washing dishes, choosing vegetables, folding clothes, drying clothes, etc. These are all aspects of hand-eye coordination, finger dexterity, and vision. Precision connection. Instead of spending a lot of money to go to early childhood education classes, it is better to involve your children in more family activities. These will quickly improve your children\’s abilities! Many conditions in children are normal manifestations of growth. Parents must stay calm and never suspect that there is a problem with their child\’s IQ as soon as they have a condition!