I believe that many parents believe that the knowledge their children learn in first and second grade is the least and lightest in their entire learning career. At this time, children should be given free space, and it is not too late to wait until the critical moment to grasp it. But is it really so? As the saying goes: \”It takes a season to mislead people, and a year to mislead people.\” The first and second grade of elementary school are very critical for children. If we don\’t pay close attention at this time, it will ruin the child\’s entire elementary school period, and even the child\’s life. Therefore, parents must pay close attention to the learning and education of their children in the first and second grades, which will have the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort. Since the first and second grades are so critical, what should parents pay close attention to for their children in the first and second grades? The first and second grades are the critical period for developing study habits. Mr. Ye Shengtao, a famous educator in my country, said: \”The essence of education is to cultivate habits.\” What widens the gap between children is often not IQ, but the various habits developed since childhood. . The first and second grades of primary school are the best time to cultivate habits. A good habit can achieve success for a child, while a bad habit can harm a child. As for children in first and second grade, they have just entered the formal campus and are still in a state of ignorance. At this time, parents must pay attention to cultivating good study habits in their children. Developing good study habits will help stimulate children\’s initiative and enthusiasm for learning and benefit them throughout their lives. So, what study habits should children in first and second grade develop? 1. The habit of careful writing. Parents not only require their children to write neatly, but also help their children develop correct pen-holding and sitting postures. 2. The habit of previewing in advance Previewing in advance is an important way to cultivate independent learning and improve the efficiency of listening to lectures. It allows children to take the initiative in listening to lectures and makes lectures more targeted. 3. The habit of independent learning. To allow children to learn independently, it does not mean that parents just ignore it, but creates a good learning environment for their children and does not disturb them easily. 4. The habit of review and induction. Review is to digest knowledge, deepen understanding and memory, and draw inferences from one example. Therefore, children must be allowed to conduct a comprehensive review and mastery of the knowledge they have learned in a timely manner. 5. The habit of extracurricular reading. Some education experts believe that extracurricular reading is a magic wand. Once a child is clicked by it, he will become smarter and have more potential in learning and talent. Therefore, parents must pay attention to cultivating their children. reading habits. The first and second grade are the critical period for correct learning attitude. As the saying goes: \”Details determine success or failure, attitude determines everything.\” In the learning career, children\’s learning attitude is very important. Children with good learning attitudes will not have much difference in their grades. And those children with negative learning attitudes are often passive and lazy in learning, and their grades are not ideal. Therefore, if you want your children to have good academic performance, you must first correct their learning attitude. So, how to correct children\’s learning attitude? 1. Controlling emotions is mainly for parents. When encountering children with improper learning attitudes, you must first control your temper, teach them well in front of your children, and don\’t get caught up in emotions. 2. Avoid corporal punishment. Corporal punishment can easily cause psychological shadow to children and is not conducive to their subsequent learning. Therefore, no matter how angry you are, do not use corporal punishment.child. 3. Be patient. When encountering children with improper learning attitudes, what is needed is patience. Parents should slowly correct them and help their children correct themselves. Only in this way will the children gradually get on the right track. 4. Maintain communication. Parents should have simple communication with their children, tell them relevant principles, and let them understand that their learning attitude is very important and is directly related to their learning status. 5. Set goals and guide children to set learning goals. The goals should be set from big to small. Then parents should urge their children to implement them seriously so that they can persist. Only by truly implementing them can it be effective. The first and second grades are the critical period for cultivating learning ability. Ye Shengtao once said: \”Things that cultivate ability must be done continuously, and learning methods must be improved at any time and learning efficiency must be improved to succeed.\” Children naturally like to learn, but they are not People are born to learn. Only with good learning ability can children better absorb relevant knowledge. Learning ability can be said to be a powerful ability that children can use throughout their lives. Therefore, in the first and second grades of primary school, parents must focus on cultivating the following four abilities in their children: 1. Concentration Concentration is very important for children. Often, the more focused a child is, the more serious he or she will be in doing things, and the better their academic performance will be. Therefore, parents can start with their children’s interests and hobbies and gradually develop their children’s concentration. 2. Learning ability Learning is the child\’s own business. If you want your child to learn well, you must return the responsibility for learning to your child and cultivate your child\’s learning ability. Parents should encourage their children to think independently and use their own learning abilities to solve problems. 3. Resistance to frustration In the learning process, children cannot always go smoothly. They will more or less encounter some problems and obstacles. In this case, children often feel frustrated. Therefore, we must cultivate children\’s ability to resist frustration. Children will quickly adjust their state and face learning with a good attitude. 4. Thinking ability As a student, learning is a child\’s bounden duty, but in learning, thinking is an indispensable ability for children. Children who usually have good academic performance have a mind that is good at thinking, so they must be guided to learn to think independently and be able to solve problems by connecting the knowledge they have learned. As the saying goes: \”When a tall building rises from the ground, laying a solid foundation is the key.\” The first and second grades are the best time for children to lay the foundation! If parents do a good job when their children are in first or second grade, their children will learn more easily and become better.