Someone once used carrots and rabbits as metaphors for children\’s learning. He reached out and put the carrot in front of the rabbit, and the rabbit kept running forward. For example, parents say to their children, \”Why do you need to study hard? Because only in this way can you enter a key school and have a good job and a good income in the future.\” This is a realm. Even better, the rabbit will run forward without the carrot. why? Because this bunny loves to run! It feels that it gets a lot of sense of accomplishment from running, and it will run forward automatically and spontaneously regardless of whether there are carrots or other external incentives. This is the best learning state. How can you and I raise these little rabbits that still love to run without carrots? First of all, we must correctly view the focus of children\’s learning. Parents often focus their studies on their children\’s academic performance (what\’s the score on the test? What\’s the rank in the class?). In this way, they teach their children that all the study you do is to obtain these external recognitions. In other words, you are raising rabbits to run for carrots. If parents can teach their children to focus on the sense of achievement in learning, it will feel completely different. The difference is that children should not compare themselves with others. Children should only compare themselves with themselves. If they learn more knowledge, they will make some progress. Of course, they should be happy. In this way, children can gain great satisfaction and achievement from acquiring knowledge. Doing this will create a rabbit that loves to run. For example, when their child comes back with a math report card with a score of 69, parents who focus on academic performance will be furious and say: \”Why did you do so poorly in the exam? You are an embarrassment to our family!\” Parents who focus on the sense of academic achievement will say this: \”You scored 69 points this time, which means there is about one-third of the content that you don\’t know yet. Your parents will sit down with you. See what this third is and how it can help you understand what you don’t understand.” In this way, the child will continue to love learning and continue to work hard. Cultivate children\’s heartfelt enthusiasm for learning, so that children can enjoy learning and realize their potential, and achieve the learning level they truly deserve. Secondly, cultivate diversified educational values. One of the reasons why children\’s learning motivation is stifled is that parents only believe that good test scores in school are a guarantee of a promising future. Therefore, they pay too much attention to their children\’s academic performance, which causes excessive stress on them. However, Dr. Howard Gardner, a psychology professor at Harvard University in the United States, proposed the \”multiple intelligence factors theory\” as early as 1983. It is advocated that to judge whether a child is smart, eight abilities should be analyzed: 1. Mathematical logic ability; 2. Chinese ability; 3. Spatial ability; 4. Physical ability; 5. Musical ability; 6. Understand one\’s own abilities; 7. Understand The ability of others; 8. The ability to understand the natural environment. This educational theory that advocates \”diversified values\” now affects education systems around the world. It turns out that if a child with good physical fitness (for example, Yao Ming) does not perform as well as other children in mathematics at school, from a traditional perspective,He is not a smart and valued child. However, according to Gardner\’s \”Multiple Intelligence Factor Theory\”, having excellent physical qualities is also a major ability. This smart child is definitely worthy of being nurtured by his parents. Therefore, if parents can look at their children\’s learning abilities and achievements from the perspective of multiple values, they will find that in fact, every child has his or her shining points, and it is the parents\’ duty to discover these shining points so that they can shine. Shine. Thirdly, cultivate children’s learning flexibility. In order to keep children\’s enthusiasm for learning forever, in addition to making children truly like learning first, there is also a very important ability that needs to be cultivated, which is \”learning flexibility.\” The so-called \”learning flexibility\” refers to a person\’s ability to handle pressure, face setbacks and accept challenges. Children with learning flexibility can effectively handle learning setbacks, poor grades, negative evaluations, and academic pressure. 1. Help children make positive attributions. To cultivate learning flexibility, we should first focus on children’s perspective on setbacks. Psychological research has found that when encountering setbacks, negative thoughts will increase people\’s stress and make it easier to give up halfway; while positive thoughts will make people have excellent ability to withstand stress and frustration. Therefore, when a child encounters difficulties in learning, parents should help him learn to make optimistic and positive attributions. For example, if a child fails to do well in an exam, the negative attribution will be \”I am stupid!\”, while the positive thought will be \”I did not do well in the exam this time…\”; when the child\’s grades are not as good as those of other classmates, the child will make negative attributions. Because it will be \”Other children are smarter than me.\”, and the positive thought should be \”I haven\’t found the most effective way to learn this knowledge.\” Observe the child\’s attribution and coach the child to do positive and positive things. Thinking can help him improve his learning flexibility. 2. Help children cut their homework. Faced with endless textbooks and endless exercises, children don’t know how to start, so they feel stressed. At this time, the best help parents can give their children is to help them cut the content and cut big goals into small goals, such as memorizing ten English words a day, doing twenty math problems, etc. As long as you follow this plan, you can learn this knowledge step by step. Again, the focus here is on academic achievement rather than on academic performance. Mastering the skills to cultivate children\’s interest in learning can help children start from the heart and love learning.