• Tue. Dec 5th, 2023

How to schedule the baby\’s gross motor development? The key points are all in one picture

If you want to talk about where the sense of accomplishment in raising a baby comes from, it must be watching the baby grow from a little baby wrapped in a quilt to a little (bear) day (child) angel (child) running all over the floor. Every growth of the baby surprises the parents and affects every nerve of the parents: the baby can raise its head, turn over, crawl, and sit… Once the baby has any development problems, the parents will start to worry. Anxious: Hey, why can’t my baby roll over? Why can’t my baby leave yet? Does my child have any intellectual problems? Although it is said that the development of the big movement is a matter of course, it is actually very particular. Since so many parents are paying attention, today Chenma will talk about it! There is a timetable for the development of major movements. What is a major movement? Gross movements refer to movements in which large muscle groups participate together, such as large-scale movements of the head and neck, trunk and limbs. When your baby giggles, sneezes, or kicks you, it\’s not a big movement. We often say: \”Lift your head once, lift your chest twice, turn three times, sit six times and roll seven times, crawl eight times and stand nine times…\” This is summarized based on the baby\’s development rules, although the development level of each baby is different. , but generally there will not be very big differences. Some parents have asked, and they all said that things will fall into place, so we just need to wait quietly, right? of course not! Although the baby\’s major movements will be completed with physical development, parents must also do a good job in training during this period! 0-3 months: Raise your head, kick your legs and raise your chest. Generally, when the baby is full moon, he can briefly raise his little head while lying on his stomach. By 2 months, he can lift his head almost 45°, and by 3 months or 4 months Months can basically lift it to 90°. What should parents do at this stage? ✔ Lie on your stomach more From the full moon onwards, you can let your baby lie on his stomach a lot, which will allow your baby to practice raising his head, and it can also exercise your baby\’s neck muscles, back muscles and waist muscles. ✔ For passive exercises, parents can turn on the music and perform passive exercises for their children. During this process, they can observe whether the baby\’s limb development is symmetrical and whether the hip joints are normal. ✔ For head turning training, parents can use the hide-and-seek method to attract the baby to turn his head, or place a brightly colored toy ball or bell in front of him and shake it to attract the baby to turn his head. 4-6 months: Turning over and sitting up. At this stage, the baby will try to turn over on its own, with its calves and feet eager to turn over. Parents only need to ensure that there is no danger around the baby. If the baby doesn\’t turn over for half a minute, parents need to lend a helping hand. Parents can also perform pull-to-sit training. How to do it? ✔ The baby lies on his back on the bed. The parent takes his hand and pulls it up gently. Note that it must be done gently. Try to let the baby exert his own strength, and the parent plays a supporting role. ✔ When the baby is older, for example, after 5 months, parents can try to let him sit on a sofa or chair to practice sitting, for about 10 minutes each time. Of course, parents should always be there to prevent him from falling. . ✔ When it gets bigger, the force behind the support should be reduced as much as possible until it is removed. ✔ Generally, when babies are 7 or 8 months old,I can basically learn to sit. 7-9 months: Crawling In fact, at 5-6 months, the strength of the baby\’s lower limbs will become stronger and stronger, and parents can watch the timing for training. For example, place a toy in front of the baby to attract him and let the baby move forward. Another parent can hold the baby\’s feet from behind to give the baby support. But be careful not to push the baby and let him move forward under his own power. When the baby crawls very slippery, you can slowly help him stand, then stand, and then walk. Most babies can learn to walk before the age of 18 months. If they are older than this age, they need to see a doctor. Is it normal to be too early or too late? Regarding large-scale exercise, in addition to time comparison, I believe many parents are also concerned about this question: My baby\’s development is a little too early or too late. Is it abnormal? Could he have cerebral palsy? First of all, Chenma will solve the first problem for you: Is it normal to be too early and too late? Many parents have discovered that the development of these major sports mentioned above overlapped in many cases. This is because every baby\’s development is different. When we observe the baby\’s development, we do not need to strictly distinguish according to time periods. In order to allow everyone to compare more accurately, Chenma specially found the World Health Organization\’s 6 major sports development timetable. From this table, we can see that even if a baby learns to walk at 17 months, it is considered normal. Chen Ma has also seen some babies stand up without crawling. There are also some that develop earlier, such as learning to raise their heads and turn over very early. Therefore, parents should not be too anxious. Don’t worry about other people’s children knowing how to sit and stand. Why can’t my children? Pay attention to keeping a calm mind, comply with the baby\’s development rules, and actively assist the baby to master. Cerebral Palsy VS Gross Movement Next, Chenma will explain to you the second problem: cerebral palsy and gross movement. Do you feel relieved after reading Chen Ma’s words above? But Chen Ma also wants to remind parents: lagging behind in gross motor development is one of the symptoms of cerebral palsy. If there is an obvious lag in the development of the baby\’s gross motor movements, such as not being able to raise his head after 5 months, or still being unable to sit firmly at 9 months, this requires attention. You should take your baby to the hospital for medical treatment in time and determine the baby\’s condition through the doctor\’s diagnosis. In addition to delayed gross motor development, children with cerebral palsy have other symptoms: abnormal movement patterns, very slow movements, uncoordinated hands and feet, asymmetrical body movements and postures on both sides, and one hand is not flexible. Or there may be some uncontrollable weird expressions and movements. Abnormal muscle tone or posture: The baby\’s body or limbs are very stiff or floppy, and the head always tilts to one side. The hands cannot be placed in the midline position of the body, and they are often fisted or the thumbs are tucked in. The legs are crossed or close together, with the toes pointing down, and the body is curled up or leaning back when sitting. When standing, the lower limbs are bent and the toes are on the ground. Some babies\’ bodies are always distorted and changing. Abnormal neurological reflexes include not knowing how to find the nipple to drink milk (seeking reflex), not being able to hold fingers or other objects in the baby\’s hand (holding reflex), and not showing a hugging posture when the mother or other family members approach (hugging reflex) ), these 3 reflections are weakened or even do not appear. Although none of us want our children to suffer from cerebral palsy, but Chenma would also like to remind everyone that early detection and early treatment are the key measures to deal with cerebral palsy. Finally, Chenma would like to say that a child’s development is the result of many aspects, including language environment, family atmosphere, parental companionship and guidance, etc. On the one hand, we must respect the rules of children\’s development and not compare or be anxious. On the other hand, we must actively assist and guide.

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