• Wed. Dec 6th, 2023

Notice from the Ministry of Education | New textbooks for primary and secondary schools in 2019 [Attached is a reading list for grades 1 to 9]

Next semester, children\’s textbooks will undergo great changes. What are the specific changes? Let\’s take a look: Ministry of Education notice: Starting from the new semester in the fall of 2019, all primary and secondary students across the country will use Chinese, history, morality and rule of law. The Ministry of Unification compiles textbooks. Professor Wen Rumin, chief editor of the \”Ministry of Education\” Chinese textbooks, once said, \”In the end, 15% of people will not be able to complete the Chinese college entrance examination!\” The importance of language is self-evident. This article will focus on the changes in primary and secondary school textbooks and the coping strategies for Chinese learning. I hope teachers will pass this on to parents, and families and schools will work together to fight for their children’s education! Before the textbooks for the three subjects were compiled by the Ministry of Education, China’s compulsory education textbooks for each subject had implemented the policy of “one outline, multiple volumes” for 30 years. Starting from the autumn semester of 2017, the teaching materials compiled by the Ministry of Education have officially entered the classroom. After a three-year transition period, by 2019, the \”Ministry Edition\” will cover all grades of compulsory education, and the various forms of teaching materials previously used in these three subjects will bid farewell to the classroom and become history. \”As the most important subject, changes in Chinese textbooks are the biggest concern of all parents and teachers!\” said Wang Wenzhan, former deputy governor of the country and former director of the Department of Basic Education of the Ministry of Education. What exactly has become? Let\’s take a look at ↓↓↓01. Chinese textbooks have changed, and \”The Analects of Confucius\” is available in the first grade. In fact, for many educators who have been paying attention to the trends in the high school and college entrance examinations, this kind of \”difficult\” candidates should have thought of it long ago! When a series of college entrance examination reform policies were released in 2017, it was already established that the college entrance examination would be \”difficult in Chinese\”, but unfortunately it still did not attract the attention of most people. Regarding China\’s basic education and the \”New College Entrance Examination\”, Wang Wenzhan, the former deputy governor of the country and former director of the Basic Education Department of the Ministry of Education, said: Chinese language is the foundation of the basics. There are a total of 9,522 classes in nine-year compulsory education, from the first grade of primary school to the third grade of high school. There are a total of 13,000 classes, and Chinese is the largest subject, accounting for more than 21% of the total class hours. There are a total of 20 courses in primary and secondary schools, and Chinese accounts for more than 1/5 of the class time. Chinese is a tool subject, the mother tongue, and the basic prerequisite for learning other subjects. So, the Chinese college entrance examination in 2018 and 2019 has reached a new level of difficulty. How difficult will Chinese be in the future? Professor Wen Rumin, the chief editor of the \”Ministry of Education\” Chinese textbooks, once said a sentence that shocked everyone: \”In the end, 15% of people will not be able to complete the Chinese college entrance examination!\” How to learn Chinese next? How to take the exam? Wen Rumin revealed: \”The college entrance examination test method is undergoing a big reform, and it is changing quietly.\” 1. Reading speed, the paper used to be about 7,000 words, now it is 9,000 words, and it may increase to 10,000 words in the future. 2. The number of reading questions has also increased. This year’s number of questions is not the number of questions, but the amount of questions you have to complete. It has quietly increased by 5% to 8% compared to last year. Wen Rumin continued: \”The reading aspect of the college entrance examination is also changing quietly, including philosophy, history, technology and other types of content. Now the reading requirements are far higher than the level usually taught in Chinese language teaching.\” In other words, if you only look at the textbooks, let alone the Chinese language for the college entrance examination, you will not be able to cope with the Chinese language for the high school entrance examination. Stop saying that you don’t have time to read for exams! The child does notReading can\’t cope with the exam at all! For children who read little, do not read, and do not have solid basic language skills, this educational reform is no longer a nightmare but a trial. After the education reform, it has become standard to examine a large number of extra-curricular contents of Chinese language and examine the quality of all subjects. The changes in the high school and college entrance examinations are coming too fast, and parents, teachers and children are panicking. There are so many famous books in China, and children are too pressed for time. Which one should they read? Based on the curriculum standards and textbooks for each grade, together with many writers, professors, super senior teachers and doctoral students in the Chinese language industry, we recommend the following must-read and must-read masterpieces for the high school and college entrance examinations. We make recommendations based on the intellectual and cognitive development of students at each grade. Must-read classic books for first grade, must-read classic books for second grade, must-read classic books for third grade, must-read classic books for fourth grade, must-read classic books for fifth grade, must-read classic books for sixth grade, must-read classic books for seventh grade, must-read classic books for eighth grade, must-read classic books for ninth grade Must-read classic books 04. Chinese language for high school and college entrance examinations. What will be difficult in the future? 1. Addition of test paper text. If your child doesn’t read regularly, he or she will suffer if he reads too slowly on exams! For example, the Chinese test paper of \”National Paper II\” has a lot of modern classical Chinese texts and may not have many questions, but it is very time-consuming to read. This tests the candidates\’ reading speed and ability to grasp key points. In the future, Chinese language will become a killer weapon in the college entrance examination, and 15% of the candidates in the college entrance examination will not be able to complete the paper. 2. The scope becomes wider and is no longer limited to textbooks. The assessment standards for classics have been gradually improved. For example, a relatively simple question is this question: This question tests the memorization of characters and plots in \”Morning Blossoms Picked Up at Dusk\” and \”Camel Xiangzi\”. In the future, the test questions on classic reading will test more details to prevent students from just memorizing. Either compare and analyze the characters and let the children talk about their personal perceptions of the protagonist; or combine the specific fragments given to appreciate and evaluate the characters or the language features of the work; or compare different works of the same author and explore the author\’s various writings style and more. From the initial examination of the author\’s age and identity to the current reading comprehension, parents and teachers are reminded to pay more attention to their children\’s reading of classics. 3. If you don’t accumulate ancient poetry and classical Chinese, you will suffer a big loss. Ancient poetry and essays scored about 34 points in the Chinese language test paper, and the score for the Beijing paper on classical Chinese and ancient poetry and essays was as high as 44 points! Coupled with the score for reading classics, it can be said that it is about 50 points, which is comparable to an essay! It accounts for 30% of the Chinese score. Therefore, if you do not pay attention to the accumulation of ancient poetry and the reading of classical Chinese, you will lose these points. And this is not something you can do just by cramming before the exam or sharpening your skills before the battle. It needs to be completed over time and over time! \”Big Chinese\” will become the future education trend. Since the past two years, primary and secondary schools have successively changed their teaching materials and begun to use \”Ministry Edition\” Chinese teaching materials. The situation of Chinese language curriculum reform is: Chinese language and Chinese reading are becoming more and more important in the middle school and college entrance examinations; Chinese language examinations are paying more and more attention to the understanding of text content; the combination of inside and outside the classroom will be the only way. Various places have successively increased the total score of the Chinese language high school entrance examination, and it has reached as high as 30 points: in 2015, Changsha, Hunan and other placesThe Chinese language test for the high school entrance examination will increase by 30 points; in 2018, the Chinese language test for the high school entrance examination in Jinan, Shandong and other places will increase by 30 points… Starting from the second half of next year (September 2019), primary and secondary school students across the country will use the Ministry of Unification for Chinese, history, morality and rule of law. Textbook. A total of 124 excellent ancient poems and essays were selected from 12 volumes in 6 years of primary school, accounting for 30% of all selections, 55 more articles than the original human education version, an increase of 80%, and an average of about 20 articles per year. There are also 124 selected pieces of ancient poetry for junior middle school students, accounting for 51.7% of all selections. The importance of Chinese among various subjects has also been highlighted. (News from Caijing.com in May 2018) Take a look at the changes in the college entrance examination, changes in teaching materials, changes in the importance of subjects, and the popular \”Chinese Poetry Conference\”, \”The Reader\”, and \”Seeing Words as Faces\” that have become popular in recent years. \” and other Chinese programs… All phenomena are telling us: \”The era when Chinese is king has arrived. In the future, all subjects will test Chinese proficiency, or to be precise, reading proficiency.\” This is not sensational. This educational reform is a series of major historical educational reforms being deepened across the country, from kindergarten to primary school to college entrance examination. They are all the result of the top-level design of the central government. This new educational reform has been brewing for 4 years, and after more than 10 rounds of discussions, it was finally finalized! Li Yi, member of the Beijing Municipal Education Commission and spokesperson, and director of the High School Admissions Office, revealed before the high school entrance examination: In the future, the amount of reading will be increased in the science subjects of the high school entrance examination to test students\’ knowledge structure and their ability to apply knowledge to solve problems. Let’s take a look at a science test paper for the high school entrance examination. The amount of reading is no less than the Chinese test paper… All subjects in the future high school and college entrance examinations will continue to examine Chinese. Not only did the Chinese test paper increase the amount of reading, but other subjects also increased! Less reading and poor Chinese proficiency will greatly affect the speed and understanding of the questions, so candidates may not even have time to finish the questions. In the future, reading will be the most important foundation for all subjects. If you still say that your children have no time to study, it is equivalent to asking your children to give up all subjects. 05. How to learn Chinese when it is so important and changes so much? Several major educational giants have been doing extracurricular training for so many years and have made English and mathematics successful. Why can\’t they only do Chinese? Because in mathematics, you may be able to improve your grades by studying a few papers; but in Chinese, even if you study for a year, it may not be effective! More and more parents accompanying students have realized that Chinese is the most difficult subject to learn well, the subject with the slowest results, and the subject that requires the highest teacher skills! At the end, I will introduce to you six little habits that can help you learn Chinese well! 1. Read frequently, read good books, and read classics. The most important content of Chinese learning is reading. To learn Chinese well, it is not enough to just read the textbooks used in class. You must also read a lot of extracurricular books, read good books, and read classics. Superficial reading for entertainment purposes is ineffective. A famous Chinese language teacher once said: If you don’t read Chinese when you learn Chinese, no matter how many test questions and test-taking skills you learn, they won’t be able to save you! What to do if you don’t have time to read? Race against time and take advantage of every opportunity. Ouyang Xiu is good at making use of the \”three days\” time to study, that is,\”Right away, on the pillow, on the toilet\”, Zheng Banqiao used the sporadic time of \”in the boat, on the horse, under the bed\” to read and recite. Cultivate reading habits from primary school. Once reading habits are developed, reading is as natural to children as breathing. They don’t need parents to supervise them at all. They will automatically seize all the time to read! 2. Take reading notes frequently. Not just reading, but reading effectively. Taking reading notes is the easiest way to do effective reading at home. We can also call it reading annotation. When reading, you must learn to circle and outline, learn to take reading notes, and develop the habit of not reading without writing or ink. Writing reading notes can help cultivate the habit of diligent thinking, improve the orderliness and profundity of thinking, and help deepen the understanding and memory of readings. There are several ways to take reading notes: a. Excerpts and excerpts; b. Making cards; c. Summarizing; d. Writing reflections after reading. 3. Check dictionary information frequently. When reading, you should develop the habit of frequently checking dictionary materials and other reference books. There are many types of reference books. In addition to dictionaries and thesauruses, they also include literature materials, indexes and other books for reference. The most commonly used reference books are dictionaries, thesauruses, and thesauruses. Such as \”Xinhua Dictionary\”, \”Modern Chinese Dictionary\”, \”Old Chinese Commonly Used Dictionary\”, \”Tang Poetry Appreciation Dictionary\”, \”Song Poetry Appreciation Dictionary\”, etc. Reference books can not only be consulted when encountering difficult problems, but can also be used as general books to read page by page. 4. Be diligent in reading and reciting. Reading and reciting aloud is the most traditional and most effective important method for learning Chinese. It is an important way to accumulate language and cultivate language sense. Children must be allowed to read aloud and recite classic works from ancient and modern times, both at home and abroad. Through reading aloud, the content, emotion, beauty of the sentences, and the rhythm of the Chinese pronunciation can all be understood. There are many ways to recite, you can recite it in layers; you can recite it in parts; you can focus on the key points first and then recite it coherently. After memorizing it, you should review and apply it frequently so that you can keep it in mind. 5. Be diligent in sharing and discussing. To learn Chinese well, you must also learn to share. Now the Internet provides many platforms for sharing, interaction and discussion. The Internet is a double-edged sword. People use it to play games and watch videos, but academic masters can use it to improve their reading level by leaps and bounds! 6. Be diligent in practicing writing and writing diary. The bulk of the Chinese language test is writing, which is also an essential survival skill for children in the future. There is no shortcut to improving your writing level, the only way is to write diligently! For example, keeping a diary is the most important habit for learning Chinese well. Record what you say, do, see, hear, think, and feel. Diaries can also accumulate writing materials and store knowledge. At the beginning, children may write simply and their language may not be fluent, but they will gradually improve if they keep writing. Writing, like reading, once formed a habit, becomes as natural as breathing, and it is an outlet for children to express their inner feelings. In the era when Chinese is king, are your children ready?

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