• Sun. Dec 3rd, 2023

O-shaped legs, inner and outer legs, tiptoeing, flat feet…be sure to be alert to abnormalities in the lower limbs of children.

Ever since having a baby, parents have become detectives every second. How many times the baby coughs, pees, and cries in a day are all under control. Seeing that the baby was ten months old, he began to stand up and walk intentionally or unintentionally. The question also arises, why does the baby stand on tiptoes when he walks? Moreover, his legs are trembling when he walks. Why does he look more and more like Wu Laoer next door! Touching the little feet, the baby still seems to have flat feet? ! How is this going? How could a baby who had always been healthy suddenly develop so many problems? Are parents suspicious or fiery-eyed? TaotaoG is here to answer all kinds of questions for your baby during the toddler stage! The Best Time to Learn to Walk Every baby is an individual, and the time when they start learning to walk is also different. It is affected by many factors such as height, shortness, fatness, thinness, personality, and athletic talent. But the biggest impact on babies is undoubtedly genetic factors. Maybe the parent was a \”lazy baby\” when he was a child, and then the child started walking relatively late; maybe the parent likes to try new things, and the baby will try to stand and walk independently very early. Most babies start trying to walk on their own when they are 10 to 12 months old, but it is not until they are 1 year old that they can walk steadily and walk proficiently without help to stand up on their own. William Sears (USA) believes that it is normal for children to learn to walk within 15 months. If the baby still cannot walk within this period of time, parents can take the baby to the hospital for relevant examinations. But every baby has its own development characteristics. Parents must not have a comparison mentality because of how early or late the baby walks. As long as the baby grows and develops healthily, it doesn’t matter if the baby walks sooner or later~ Many babies walk on their toes when they first learn to walk. , will walk on tiptoes. This is mainly because the baby\’s heel tendons are not fully developed and the lower limbs are not strong enough. After a few months of walking practice, your baby will slowly be able to maintain his body\’s balance and will naturally master the correct way of walking. There are also some babies who may be naughty and playful and like to walk on their toes, so parents don’t need to worry too much. In addition, if parents adopt incorrect ways of learning to walk, such as using a walking belt to carry their baby, the baby may be excessively pulled by adults when walking, and his own sense of balance will not be exercised, thus developing wrong walking habits. . However, if the baby still walks on his toes even after he is able to walk proficiently, or if the leg muscles are particularly tense when not walking, parents should take the baby to see a doctor. O and X-shaped legs. O-shaped legs are also called genu varum, which causes the baby to have a certain degree of pigeon-toed posture when walking. It is normal for many babies to have O-shaped legs and pigeon-toed legs when walking, and parents do not need special treatment. This is because the legs of infants and young children seem to be a little curved. Many of them have mild O-shaped legs when they are about 1 year old. As the baby develops, they will have mild X-shaped legs. Later, they will have mild O-shaped legs. Back to normal. In rare cases, O-shaped legs and X-shaped legs are caused by diseases. When it is found that the baby\’s legs are severely bent, only one side is damaged, and the left and right are asymmetrical, 2It gets seriously worse after the age of 7 or 8 years old and there is still visible underbelly and the height is much lower than that of children of the same age. This should be taken seriously and intervened and treated. At the same time, if rickets is caused by a lack of vitamin D, vitamin D supplementation is required instead of calcium supplementation! Both the Chinese Nutrition Society and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that breastfed babies should be supplemented with at least 400IU of vitamin D every day soon after birth until they are 2 years old. Internal and external splaying: Babies who have just started to walk are prone to have internal and external splaying with their feet horizontally in order to maintain balance due to their lack of flexibility in their bodies and insufficient support of their lower limbs. These are relatively common and normal phenomena. After a period of toddler practice, after the baby walks steadily and masters the correct way of walking, he will be able to walk well at the age of 2 to 3 years old. Parents do not need to worry. However, if it is found that one of the baby\’s feet is bent inward or outward, and the internal and external horoscopes do not improve after the age of 2 but have a serious tendency, or the baby is much shorter than the baby of the same age, and suffers from lameness, fractures, and muscle strains when walking, If so, you need to see a doctor. Flat Feet Many babies are born with flat feet, which persist into childhood. This is mainly because the baby\’s bones and joints are very flexible, and the feet will become flat when standing up. Moreover, there are fat pads on the inside of the baby\’s feet, which will block the arch of the foot, which will cause the baby to have the illusion of flat feet. It may be possible to see the arch when the baby\’s feet are lifted, but not when standing. Usually, when the baby is 6 years old, the arch of the foot will mature, the strength of the foot muscles will increase, and the bones and joints of the foot will no longer be so flexible. At this time, the arch of the foot will be fully visible. However, if a child around 6 years old still has no arch, he may have flat feet. If the foot is very stiff or painful at this time, an X-ray examination is required to confirm the diagnosis. Otherwise, treatment is not recommended. If it is Achilles tendon strain or ankylosing flat feet, the doctor will take treatment measures according to different conditions. Varus feet Some babies have their toes drawn in when walking, which is generally called varus feet or pigeon toes. This is a common condition that affects one or both feet. The most common cause of inverted feet is when the baby is squeezed into the narrow space of the uterus before birth. Generally, when a baby with varus feet relaxes, the front end of the foot is still in an adducted state; the varus foot shows a crescent-like bend. Relatively mild foot varus will recover on its own before the baby is 1 year old, and some severe foot varus may cause clubfoot disease. At this time, you need to find a professional doctor for corrective treatment. If the baby has foot inversion when he is about 2 years old, it is caused by the tibia twisting inward, which is called internal tibial rotation. The occurrence of foot varus in children aged 3 to 10 years old is largely due to the internal rotation of the femur caused by the inward twisting of the femur. Both diseases are generally hereditary and run in families. Hip dysplasia When the baby is lying on his stomach, look at the baby\’s thighs from the back and find out where the folds are and whether the buttocks and leg lines are consistent. ifIf the leg lines are found to be asymmetrical, further examination is usually required. Babies with asymmetrical leg lines do not necessarily have developmental hip dysplasia, but babies with developmental hip dysplasia must have asymmetrical leg lines. Therefore, when it is found that the skin folds of the baby\’s buttocks and inner thighs are asymmetrical, there is no need to worry too much, but they cannot ignore it. At this time, parents need to take the baby to do some relevant auxiliary examinations to further confirm whether there is hip dysplasia. Because if it is true that hip dysplasia is not discovered and treated early, it will cause the baby to walk with a limp in the future. Babies under 6 months old can be checked through B-ultrasound; babies under 6 months old can be confirmed by taking X-rays. If it can be discovered, the earlier it is treated, the simpler the treatment and the better the effect. Some studies have found that areas where there is a habit of \”candle wrapping\” or \”leg binding\” for babies, the risk of hip dysplasia is significantly increased. Therefore, adhering to scientific parenting methods will really benefit your baby for life. Blacklist of baby walkers. Some parents may have misunderstood and misunderstood and ultimately harmed their babies by blindly choosing things they thought would be \”helpful\” to their babies during the toddler stage. (1) Using a walker for your baby too early or for a long time may cause gait abnormalities such as toe walking and figure-eight walking. What\’s more serious is that walkers also pose great safety risks. Once a baby using a walker encounters a small toy or other obstacle on the ground, he or she is at risk of rolling over. (2) Baby walking belt When using a baby walking belt, every step of the baby will be pulled by adults, and the baby\’s own sense of balance will not be exercised; and it is also easy for the baby to develop wrong walking habits. At the same time, the toddler belt is tightly tied to the baby\’s body, which will inevitably cause pressure on the baby\’s chest and affect the baby\’s breathing. Holding the baby\’s armpits to walk and using a walking belt are also minefields of mistakes on the baby\’s learning journey. It\’s just that using a toddler belt can save some effort for adults, but holding an adult under the armpits is thankless. (3) When using functional shoes at home, try to let the baby walk barefoot. This will not only help the baby\’s sole nerves to sense ground stimulation and reduce falls. At the same time, going barefoot helps babies understand their own feet more clearly, know where their center of gravity is when walking in the future, avoid leaning inward or outward, and develop a correct walking posture. When going out, you can give your baby a pair of small shoes to protect their feet. Shoes must be toe-covering, soft and comfortable, with flexible non-slip soles, and loose enough to allow the baby\’s feet room to develop. Sports shoes are a good choice. There is no evidence that shoes with special insoles, high backs, heel reinforcements, special arch protection, etc. to shape the foot and assist in foot development are beneficial to normal babies. At this stage, the baby\’s feet are growing rapidly, and parents should check at least once a month to see if the shoes still fit. (4) Premature walking. Premature intervention in the baby\’s walking will cause the body that is not ready to accept the pressure of standing and learning to walk in advance, and the baby\’s spine and lower limbs will be unable to bear the weight of the whole body. If things go on like this, leg problems may occur. Abnormal phenomena. As long as the babyIf you can walk steadily while holding on to something, it means your legs are strong enough. At this time, parents should let go of their hands and let the baby walk on their own, or use toys to let the baby walk slowly. However, if your baby cannot walk after 16 months, you need to go to the hospital to check whether there is any physical problem.

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