At 22:55 on June 17, a magnitude 6.0 earthquake occurred in Changning County, Yibin, Sichuan Province. According to the latest report from @yibin emergency management department, so far, the Changning earthquake has killed 13 people and injured 200 people. What hurts me the most is a father. After the earthquake, he rushed home immediately, only to see the collapsed house. The 7-year-old son was trapped in the ruins, and all he had left was his favorite bear doll. He held the little bear, which was stained by rain and mud, and stared at the place where his son might be buried, praying for a miracle. But six hours had passed since the rescue operation. This anxious and long wait resulted in the sad news that \”the child had no vital signs.\” At that moment, the usually tough man knelt on the ground and cried bitterly. After having children, I hate this kind of news the most. Once the ship of life is launched into the water, it is destined to encounter wind and waves. Many things often happen in an instant. In all kinds of natural and man-made disasters, children are always the most vulnerable. Because they are young, weak, immature in all aspects of development, and lack experience and knowledge in self-rescue, it is often difficult for them to take advantage of life in times of crisis. Earthquakes can only be warned, not predicted. Children must master basic self-rescue methods so that they can save their lives in critical moments! The most reliable and simple DCH rule: Drop: lie down, cover: cover, hold on: hold on, hold on (picture source @在日本MOOK) When an earthquake strikes, get under the table quickly and use cushions to protect it. The head is the most vulnerable, or hold firmly on the table legs and be prepared for large movements of the column. Detailed explanation of avoidance postures: When you feel a shock, immediately squat or kneel down, cross your hands and hold your head, and bring your head to your knees. This can protect your most important vital organs. If there is sturdy table furniture around you, use one hand to protect your head, and the other hand to stabilize your crawling posture and hide under the table. Hold on to a table leg or other area and continue to protect your head and neck with one arm. Close your eyes and mouth to protect against dust and debris, and stay in this position until the earthquake stops. What should a child do if there is no table in the room? Cai Zonghan, Department of Fire Protection, Central Police University, Taiwan, specifically mentioned this point in a speech. Not every room has a table to hide in. If you want to implement the DCH action at this time, you must grasp three principles. Principle 1: Immediately get down on your hands and knees and protect your head and neck with your arms. Not all buildings will collapse during an earthquake. The most important thing for indoor children to guard against is furniture toppling, hanging objects falling, sliding objects falling, and even Injuries to the child\’s head and neck caused by ceiling collapse. In the 921 earthquake in Taiwan, deaths caused by intracranial injuries, skull fractures, and neck fractures accounted for 1/3 of the 2,500 deaths. Protecting your body, especially your head and neck, is the first step to staying alive. Principle 2: Hide next to a relatively strong pillar, low furniture or wall corner. If there is no sturdy table, try to use other items to protect your head and neck, and choose a corner without large furniture. The “golden triangle” next to large furniture\”area\” is not safe, because overturning and toppling of large furniture are life-threatening. Be sure to stay away from hanging objects, lamps, and large glass windows. Principle 3: Do not run outdoors during shaking, and do not rush to the entrance or exit. When an earthquake occurs, first of all Stay calm, don’t panic, and quickly judge your location and the vibration situation. Experts at home and abroad generally believe that taking shelter on the spot during an earthquake and evacuating quickly after the earthquake are the basic rules for emergency shock avoidance. How should children respond in different scenarios? ? The children of the Red Cross Society of China specially produced an animation \”Earthquake Safety\”. When the earthquake in the school just starts, don\’t rush out of the classroom immediately, put your schoolbag on your head, and squat under or next to the table. Destructive earthquakes , it only takes 12 seconds on average from when people feel an earthquake to when buildings are damaged. During this short period of time, don’t panic, never jump off the building, and make safe choices based on the environment. Protect yourself in the event of a major earthquake. The head is extremely important. In an emergency, you can use the cotton cushions, school bags, etc. around you to cover your head to avoid being injured. Hide immediately under or next to solid objects such as desks and chairs until the earthquake passes. Evacuate in an orderly manner. When evacuating, avoid the balcony, because the window glass may be shattered and injure people. When evacuating the teaching building, stampedes are most likely to occur at the corners of the stairs, so you must move in an orderly manner. During an earthquake at home, Fires are very common and are an important cause of personal injury. Therefore, when shaking occurs, turn off the power and fire source immediately. If you encounter an earthquake in a bungalow, quickly run to an open and safe place outside the door, and remember to be the first person to Open the door and keep it open to prevent the deformation of the door frame from affecting escape. If it is a high-rise building, you can look for triangular areas or places with heating pipes and water pipes. The network structure and elasticity of metal pipes are not easy to be torn, even when shaking significantly. They won\’t be thrown out. More importantly, if a child is trapped, he can use tapping on the pipe to send a message to the outside world and get help as soon as possible. Outdoors If people are outdoors during an earthquake, don\’t run around on the street. Because At this time, signs, doors, windows and other items are flying down everywhere you go. Try to squat down and hide in the open space or in the middle of the road. At the same time, do not get close to buildings, trees, telephone poles, or other tall buildings that may collapse. objects. Do not hide in tunnels or underground passages. If you encounter an earthquake in the countryside, be careful to stay away from cliffs, steep slopes, river banks and high-voltage lines. If you encounter landslides or landslides, run in a direction perpendicular to the rolling rocks. Use songs It is very important to teach your children to remember the rules of escape from an earthquake. The earthquake lasts for only ten seconds and runs out of the bungalow. It is very important to hide in the small room, bathroom, kitchen, table corner, heating, wooden bed, wardrobe, near water and far away from fire. If they are buried, how can the children try to save themselves? What if they are unfortunately killed after the earthquake? When buried under rubble, you must stay calm and try to save yourself. When you are unable to escape, conserve your strength, do not yell, and try your best to find water and food. When you hear movement, hit the water pipe or wall with an object to send a distress message. As Parents can also prepare a survival whistle for their children. Keep it in your schoolbag at ordinary times and blow the whistle to call for help in such emergencies. This saves effort and can achieve a good rescue effect. There are also bright light whistles sold on a certain website.A flashlight makes it easier for the rescue team to find the child through the light. Professor Susie Bock, a senior expert in disaster psychology, said that when it comes to disasters, it is not adults who are most susceptible to the emotional impact, but children, especially those in preschool. There is a professional term called \”child psychological trauma\”. Children see frightening images, such as sudden natural disasters (earthquakes, typhoons), car accidents, fires, etc., which cause psychological sequelae, which in turn affects the children\’s daily behavior and future life. They may become timid, clingy, frightened, distracted, have nightmares, or cry easily. Parents can convey a sense of safety to their children through physical contact such as hugs and massages. Encourage them to express their feelings of fear, pain and sadness, and use games and picture books to accompany them to understand and accept disasters. Encouraging children to socialize and feel the positive power among friends will be helpful for children\’s psychological reconstruction. Share the work of rebuilding your home with your children, ignite hope in their hearts, and tide over the difficulties together. Life is too fragile. The moment I finish typing these words, the number of casualties may still be increasing. Maybe you escaped a flight that disappeared as quickly as it flew. Maybe you escaped a car that was running out of control. Maybe you escaped the city that collapsed in the early hours of the morning. But tomorrow and accident are still chasing us. Really, only by forcing children to learn, memorize, and master these self-rescue rules can they regain a glimmer of hope in the hands of death. May God bless Sichuan and God bless Changning.