• Mon. Dec 4th, 2023

Tips and tricks for looking up radicals in the dictionary for lower primary school students

The dictionary is a silent teacher and a source of knowledge. Looking up a dictionary is not only a skill, but also an ability. Learning to look up a dictionary can not only eliminate obstacles in learning, but also expand our Chinese character reserves and improve our reading ability. The following is a dictionary guide suitable for primary school students recommended by Doudehui to students. Let’s learn it together! The Amazing World of Gumball resource The Amazing World of Gumball all 6 seasons in Chinese and English 1080p ultra-clear. It is not difficult for primary school students to learn the dictionary look-up formula. Look at the radicals carefully. If there is no radical, check the pen, and for the pictophonetic characters, check the side of the form; the first and bottom layers are the radicals, and the radicals should be used as radicals; the left and right sides are the radicals, so take the left and right ones to ensure safety; the inner shell is the radical, discard the inner part Check the outer frame; the whole character is a radical, and the character itself is a radical; if there is \”two corners\” on the head of a character, take the lower base and cut off the \”corner\”; if the lower base does not form a radical, the upper left corner should be next to the character; Some new words are special and should be used as radicals; check them frequently to grasp the rules, and don\’t forget the same radicals. The three commonly used methods for looking up words in a dictionary are: radical look-up method, phonetic sequence look-up method and number-stroke look-up method. If it is easy to determine the radical but not sure about the pronunciation, you can use the radical search method; if you know the pronunciation but cannot write the character, use the phonetic search method; if it is a single character, use several strokes to search it. Law. Words and dictionaries are silent teachers. This teacher will help you solve your problems at any time and remove the \”blockers\” in your learning. You will only spend a small amount of time and get more, more comprehensive and more accurate knowledge very conveniently. To be proficient in looking up words and dictionaries, you must first learn to read words. The following uses \”Xinhua Dictionary\” as an example to introduce these word search methods. The phonetic sequence search method is a method of searching words by their sounds. Many dictionaries or dictionaries are organized in the order of Chinese Pinyin letters. According to the first letter of the Chinese Pinyin of a word, you can find the page number of the Pinyin syllable of the word in the \”Hanyu Pinyin Syllable Table\”, and then go to that page according to the tone of the word. This method can be used to search for words whose pronunciation is known but not the writing or meaning, but you must be familiar with the alphabetical order of Chinese Pinyin and the syllables of Chinese Pinyin. To use the phonetic word search method, three conditions must be met: ① The pronunciation of the word must be read correctly; ② The initial consonants and finals of the word must be accurately understood; ③ Master the writing method of letters. If you know the pronunciation of the word, but don\’t know how to write it, or don\’t know its meaning, you must use the phonetic word search method to look up the word. The steps to look up words using phonetic sequence are: 1. Determine the sound part. Determine the first letter of the syllable – the phonetic part – according to the pronunciation of the word you want to look up. ②Check the syllable index. In the phonetic column determined in the \”Hanyu Pinyin Syllable Index\”, find the syllable you want to look up, and look at the text page number marked after the syllable. ③Read the text. Flip through the text by page number and find the word you want to look up. When you encounter a word you don\’t understand or a word you can\’t write, as long as you can read the pronunciation of the word correctly, you can use the phonetic sequence check method to check it. The following song tips can help you master this method of character checking: you must carefully check the phonetic sequence, and it is important to read the pronunciation of the characters correctly. Find the phonetic part of the initial letter, then look for the syllables and look at the \”Index\”; followLook for the homophones of the example words and turn to the text according to the page numbers; look for the Chinese characters according to the tones and keep the glyphs and meanings in mind. Radical character search method Radical character search method: Radical character search method is a method of character search by shape. It is checked based on the radicals of Chinese characters. Whenever the words in the dictionary text are arranged according to radical classification, you can use radical search to search. The basic steps for radical character checking are: ⑴ Determine the radical. First determine which part of the word you want to look up. ⑵Check the \”Radical Directory\”. Find the page number of the radical in the \”Character List\” in the \”Radical Catalog\”. ⑶Check the \”Character Checklist\”. According to the page number, find the page number of the word in the dictionary text from the remaining pictures of the word in the \”Character List\” (that is, the remaining pictures after removing the radical). ⑷Look up the dictionary text. Find the word you want to look up in the text according to the page number of the text. When looking up a word, you must first determine the radical of the word, and then find out the page number of the word belonging to this radical in the radical search table from the \”Radical Catalog\” of the dictionary, and then you can search according to the part of the word except the radical. The number of strokes, find it from the text. Some characters are placed under different radicals in the word search list. For example, \”Gong\” can be found in both the \”Gong\” department and the \”Li\” department. This method can be used if you want to look up characters for which you only know how to write them but not their pronunciation and meaning, but you must be familiar with the common radicals of Chinese characters. To use the radical search method, you must meet three conditions: ① be able to count strokes; ② be able to find radicals; ③ be able to order strokes. It is difficult to determine the radical using radical search, especially in combined characters where several parts are often radicals. Which radical should be determined? It can be determined flexibly according to the following rules. ①Check left but not right. For words with a left-right structure, if both the left and right parts are radicals, generally look for the left side. Such as: Fu, Mo, Xu, Feng, Luan, Hong, Bai, Jiang, Wai. ②Check up or down. For characters with upper and lower structures, if the upper and lower parts are both radicals, the upper part is generally searched. Such as: Lei, Gao, Lip, Bian, Sui, Li. ③ Check outside but not inside. For characters with an inner and outer structure, if both the inner and outer parts are radicals, generally check the outer frame. Such as: sleepy, sentence, division, medical, painting, su, qing, this, boring. ④The attachments will not be checked during the check. For characters composed of two or more parts or parts intersecting, the middle seat and the parts attached to the middle seat are both radicals, so generally check the middle seat. For example: sitting (earth), Bing (grain), Wu (worker), Yi (big), Zhao (son), Yu (person). ⑤Check the combination but not the score. On the frame between the characters is the character \”fenhe\”. \”fen\” and \”合\” are both radicals, next to \”chahe\”. Such as: Ying (彡), Wrinkle (skin), Pi (Xin), Han (Wei), Feng (inch), Bi (stone), Marry (female), Drive (horse), Chu (狋), Salt (plate) ). ⑥Check first, not later. For characters with a \”tian\” shape, the radicals are usually at the corners of the characters. Sometimes the components in several corners are radicals. You can check which radical is written first according to the order of writing. For example: Gu (Shi), Gan (Li), Yao (Small), Sui (Year), Hatch (爫), Go (刹), Nu (Female), Shu (Human). ⑦ Check the shape but not the sound. For phonographic characters, sometimes both the phonological and phonological characters are radicals. Generally, check the phonological character. For example: gong (power), reward (shell), house (household), carry (car), heart (clothes), point (灬). ⑧Check too much but not too little. a strokeRadicals with more strokes include other radicals with fewer strokes. Generally, the radical with more strokes must be identified. Such as: Zhu (not check 丷, check), Mo (not check Guang, Mu, check Ma), Jie (not check, Ji, check Jiao), Yun (not check Li or Day, check the sound), Yu (don\’t check) 8. People, mouth, check the valley). ⑨ Check the review and not the order. There is a single-stroke radical (initial radical) in each character, but we must try our best to analyze the double-stroke radical (radicals with more than two strokes). As long as it contains a double-stroke radical, the double-stroke radical will be determined. Such as; Qu (say), Dong (wood), Nong (冖), concave (凵), Yi (人). ⑩The self-made radical checks itself. There are many characters that are themselves a radical, which is called \”self-contained radical characters\”. Although some self-contained radical characters can also analyze other radicals from themselves, but generally do not take other radicals, just check themselves. Such as: Yin (check the sound), nose (check the nose), Ma (check the hemp), black (check the black), Xin (check the xin), bone (check the bone), Li (check the li), wheat (check the wheat), Deer (chalu), green (chaqing). In addition, when the compound radical cannot be found in a character, check the pen. There are a few single-style characters that are not radicals themselves, and other double-stroke radicals cannot be analyzed from the characters themselves, so we looked up the \”bi\” (single-stroke radical). For example: Ye (Bu), Min (Bu), Diao (Bu), Wan (One), Zhong (l), Jiu (ノ), Yi (,), Chang (ノ). When you encounter an unknown word while reading, you can use the radical word checking method to find out the pronunciation and meaning of the word. The following hymn can help students master the method of detecting radicals: It is not difficult to detect radicals. Determining the radicals is the key; first count the number of pictures of the radicals, look at the page number for the radical list, and find the radical in the word search table. Remove the radicals and check the remaining paintings. Look for a single word below the rest of the picture, mark the page number on the right side of the word, and follow the page number to turn the text, there must be this word and it will not be wrong. Number-of-stroke calligraphy method Number-of-stroke calligraphy method is also called stroke-by-stroke calligraphy method. This method should be used for words whose pronunciation is unknown and whose radicals are not obvious. As long as you count the strokes of the word correctly, you can find the page number of the word in the text in the \”Stroke Index of Difficult to Find Words\” in the dictionary. This method of character checking is based on the number of strokes in a character and the stroke shapes of the first two strokes. The method of checking words by counting strokes is relatively simple. As long as you can write a word correctly, and the number of strokes and the stroke shapes of the first two strokes are correct, you can find the word you want to look up. In \”Xinhua Dictionary\”, this method can be used to check difficult-to-check characters in the \”Difficult-to-Check Character List\”. When looking up words by counting strokes, three \”accuracies\” must be achieved: ① The number of strokes must be accurate. ②The pen shape must be accurate. ③The stroke order must be accurate. As long as these three \”accuracies\” are met, you can look up words by following the steps of \”total number of strokes – starting stroke shape – reading the text\”. I would like to send you a \”Children\’s Rhyme on Dictionary Lookup\”, hoping that everyone can learn to look up in a dictionary as soon as possible! Hold the small dictionary in your hand, let me look up the Chinese characters. Determine the radical, count a few strokes, and find it in the radical catalog; outside the radical, count again, and look for the house number in the character list; quickly, quickly, quickly, browse quickly to find the text and find the home.

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