In the process of raising a baby, there are always many things that surprise us. \”Look, the baby has learned to roll over~\” \”Oh my God, the baby can sit up~\” \”Time flies so fast, in the blink of an eye, the baby can take two steps~\” These milestones in the development of gross motor movements are important to us. For me, these are the most shining moments on the road to parenting. However, because our focus is often on these more obvious representations, it is easy to overlook the \”intrinsic\” issues. For example, the development of the baby\’s spine. Encyclopedia Britannica International Chinese Edition, all 20 volumes, ultra-clear PDF version 4.25GB. We know that the spinal bones of adults have physiological curvature, which is in the shape of a double S. But a baby\’s spine is not curved where it should be at birth, but straight where it should be straight. Under normal circumstances, a baby will go through three stages of spinal development before he is 1 year old before he can form a relatively complete physiological curvature. Newborns: The spine is very soft and has no support, showing a relatively gentle C shape; 3 to 4 months: the first physiological curvature of the spine – cervical lordosis, the baby can raise his head, and the neck and back muscles have also improved. Strengthening; around 6 months old: the second physiological curvature of the spine appears – thoracic kyphosis, some babies can sit alone for a while; around 1 year old: the third physiological curvature of the spine – lumbar lordosis, most babies start to enter toddlerhood step stage. This does not mean that the baby\’s spinal development is fully mature. Generally speaking, the child\’s spinal curvature cannot be completely fixed until the age of 6 or 7 years old. Prior to this, if damage to the spine is caused by negligence, it may have a profound impact on the baby\’s physical ability, movement ability, and future life and posture. So, at a young age, what behaviors of ours may cause harm to the development of the baby\’s spine? Wrong posture for holding a baby. When it comes to the posture for holding a baby, many people’s contradictions focus on “whether the newborn can be held vertically”. Many people believe that early upright holding causes spinal and skeletal development problems in newborns. In fact, not entirely. If you hold the baby in the wrong posture, regardless of holding it horizontally or vertically, it may injure your baby\’s spine. Therefore, the key is whether there is enough support for the baby\’s head and neck when holding it. Whether picking up, putting down, or breastfeeding, good back support is something that cannot be ignored. As for holding in a vertical position, the spine of a baby under 1 month old is not fully developed and is indeed not suitable for bearing vertical pressure. Therefore, be more cautious when hugging vertically. Generally speaking, it is not advisable to hold your baby upright for a long time within 3 months. When holding them vertically, make sure their heads, cervical vertebrae, and spine are on the same vertical horizontal line. Incorrect use of slings and waist stools Products such as slings, slings, and waist stools have almost become essential items for families with young babies. This is especially common during the travel season. Many mothers lamented: This kind of artifact that frees hands and saves worry and effort is simply the light of humanity! It is precisely because of its popularity that there are more and more cases of damage to the baby\’s skeletal development caused by irregular use. Quickly check whether these mistakes have appeared in your own baby: ① Use a carrier too early for 3 monthsFor babies within this period, the first physiological curvature has not yet appeared, and the spine is still C-shaped. The strength to support the head is insufficient and cannot maintain a sitting position. At this time, maintaining the C shape is the most comfortable state for the baby. Using a brace or waist stool too early will not be able to support and control the head well, causing pressure on the spine. If you must use it, I highly recommend a sling. The sling is relatively soft and can avoid forcibly \”straightening\” the spine. The binding method that protects the back also allows the entire spine to be evenly stressed and provides support. (Pay attention to the baby\’s mouth and nose being exposed) (▲The picture on the left is an incorrect demonstration, and the picture on the right is a correct demonstration) After 4 months, when the spinal bones have developed to support the weight of the head, a sling or waist stool can be used. Try to choose a waist stool with a back pocket and shoulder straps. ② After the legs can be kept hanging and can be used with a sling or waist stool, many parents feel that the baby\’s legs should be stretched as straight as possible to be comfortable. He even deliberately straightened the baby\’s legs. In fact, this is what makes the baby uncomfortable. The posture of hanging legs is likely to cause dislocation of the baby\’s hip joint, which will also have an impact on skeletal development. The correct way is to open the baby\’s legs to make an \”M\” shape like a frog. At this time, the pressure on the hip joint is minimal and the baby is most comfortable. (▲The picture on the left is an incorrect demonstration, and the picture on the right is a correct demonstration) ③The waist stool is too wide and the knees cannot be bent. If the seat area of the waist stool is too large, a baby with short legs can sit on it and \”one horse\”, two It\’s like having your legs hanging in mid-air, which can also cause damage to your hip joints. Therefore, the size of the waist stool is also the focus we should pay attention to when purchasing. Be sure to make sure that when the baby sits on it, his legs can be opened naturally and in an \”M\” position. ④The waist stool tilts downward. When the baby is sitting on the waist stool facing outward, if the waist stool tilts forward and downward, the baby\’s center of gravity will also slide down. This posture does not provide enough support for the baby\’s back and can easily affect the development of the spine. The correct approach is to ensure that the baby\’s back is close to the parent\’s body, the thighs and back are at right angles, and the knees can relax naturally. Improper use of pillows Improper use of pillows also has an impact on the baby\’s spinal development. ① Use pillows too early We need pillows because the neck has a physiological curvature. Pillows can fill the gap between the neck and the bed to maintain comfort. However, babies are different. Although the baby\’s neck curvature begins to form at 3 months of age, the curvature of the cervical spine is constantly changing. Especially at a young age, the curvature is not obvious. Whether lying flat or on your side, your head and body are basically at the same level. Using a pillow too early will affect the development of the cervical spine and even cause spinal deformation. In addition, using pillows too early may block the baby\’s mouth and nose and cause suffocation. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends avoiding the use of pillows under 1 year old. ②The pillow is too high/too low. After the baby can sleep on a pillow, a pillow of appropriate height should also be provided. A pillow that is too high is equivalent to sleeping with your head down and your neck bent excessively, which may lead to a hunched back and sloping shoulders in the long run. If the pillow is too low and cannot fully fit the neck, it is equivalent to sleeping with your head raised and cannot support the cervical spine. selectAn intuitive criterion when choosing a pillow is: when the baby lies on his back on the pillow, the head and torso can be on the same level. Generally, it is recommended to start with a height of about 3 cm and gradually adjust to 6 to 9 cm (school age). Previously, I chose a pillow with a layered design for Dandan. The height is adjustable. One layer is used for those aged 1-3, an additional layer is used for those aged 3-6, and all three layers are used for those aged 6-10. Letting your baby learn to sit, stand, and walk too early will make you feel anxious about everything when you become a mother. Sitting, standing, walking…these are the indications for the development of major movements. When I see that other people\’s children are good at it, but my own is not good enough, I rush to \”reinforce the child\’s talent\” and train it too early. I have seen some mothers holding their babies by their armpits when they are just three or four months old, or helping them stand or jump… In fact, this is harmful to the baby\’s skeletal development. Their spinal strength and muscle strength cannot support the body to make such movements, which will only increase the burden and cause consequences such as hunchback, spinal development and deformation. The development of major movements is a natural process, and human intervention will destroy the development trajectory. Moreover, due to individual differences, the time it takes for babies to learn these skills is inherently uneven, so there is no need to refer too much to others. For example, some babies can sit alone for a while as soon as they are 4 or 5 months old, which shows that the baby\’s strength can support his body. However, some babies who are 6 months old cannot control their body tilt and fall easily when sitting, which means that their bones and muscle strength have not yet developed to the stage where they can sit alone. At this time, forced training may cause the baby to The spine is deformed and bears greater burden. Therefore, don\’t force your baby to learn to sit, stand, or walk just because of your own pressure…it\’s better to wait for the flowers to bloom than to encourage them to grow. Attached to you is the development history of the six major sports given by the WHO. You can see that the mastery of any skill has a long span. Your baby\’s spinal development is of great importance. The above misunderstandings are not inevitable. Children\’s Science Knowledge Work Cell Animation Complete Works 1080P Ultra-HD Chinese Version As long as you have a better understanding of the baby\’s physiological structure and developmental milestones, and pay more attention to it in life. If you find that there are abnormalities in the development of your baby\’s spine, such as high and low shoulders, a hunchback, leaning to one side when squatting, etc., you should also seek medical treatment in time for correction.