Newborns are one of the most vulnerable members of the family. Their immune systems are not fully developed and they are susceptible to some diseases. Here are 11 common conditions in newborns. Some medical conditions are common in the first few weeks of life. If you notice any of the following conditions in your baby, contact your pediatrician. Newborn Baby Care Encyclopedia Download Ultra Clear epub Fetal Distress Syndrome Fetal distress syndrome refers to insufficient oxygen supply to the fetus due to maternal or fetal reasons during the fetal period or during delivery, causing a series of physiological reactions in the fetus and symptom. These symptoms may include difficulty breathing, erratic heart rate, low body temperature, etc. Fetal asphyxia Fetal asphyxia means that the fetus is hypoxic due to various reasons during delivery, such as intrauterine asphyxia, umbilical cord wrapping around the neck, etc., which in turn causes a series of symptoms. These symptoms may include difficulty breathing, erratic heart rate, cyanosis of the skin, etc. Neonatal jaundice Neonatal jaundice is a very common condition, affecting approximately 60% of newborns. This is caused by high bilirubin levels in newborns. Symptoms of jaundice include yellowing of the skin and eyes. Respiratory Distress Syndrome Respiratory distress syndrome is caused by failure of the lungs to develop adequately. Symptoms of this condition, which typically occurs in premature infants, include shortness of breath, difficulty breathing, and decreased oxygen saturation. Neonatal pneumonia Neonatal pneumonia is a lung infection caused by pathogenic bacteria. Its symptoms include shortness of breath, cough, fever, etc. Neonatal sepsis Neonatal sepsis is a systemic infection caused by bacteria or fungi. Symptoms include fever, shortness of breath, increased heart rate, and cyanosis of the skin. Congenital heart disease Congenital heart disease refers to defects in the structure and function of the heart that are present at birth. Its symptoms and manifestations vary depending on the condition, but generally include dyspnea, cyanosis, heart murmur, etc. Congenital Kidney Disease Congenital kidney disease is an abnormality in the structure or function of the kidneys that is present at birth. Symptoms include abnormal urine, slow weight gain, and high blood pressure. Congenital gastrointestinal malformations Congenital gastrointestinal malformations refer to diseases caused by abnormal development of digestive tract structures during fetal life. Symptoms include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, etc. Inborn metabolic diseases Inborn errors of metabolism refer to diseases caused by abnormal metabolic processes due to genetic defects or enzyme defects. Common ones include phenylketonuria, hypothyroidism, etc. Neonatal infection Neonatal infection can be caused by various pathogenic bacteria, and its symptoms include fever, difficulty breathing, vomiting, diarrhea, etc. Regarding the health of their newborns, parents need to pay close attention to their babies and seek help from their doctor as soon as possible if they notice any unusual symptoms or manifestations. In addition, health care during pregnancy is also one of the important measures to prevent neonatal diseases.