Daily health care for pregnant mothers in the 31st week of pregnancy

Methods for monitoring fetal position at home Monitoring fetal position mainly refers to checking the position of the fetal head, and pregnant mothers can touch it under the guidance of a doctor. During the massage process, if it feels hard, round, and has a floating ball feel, it is the fetal head. In normal fetal position, the fetal head is always in the center of the abdomen, above the pubic symphysis. If the fetal head is felt on the upper abdomen, it is a breech position; if the fetal head is felt on the ventral part, it is a transverse position. The latter two fetal positions are both abnormal fetal positions. If abnormal fetal positions are found during monitoring, you should go to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment to correct the fetal position. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy requires intensive monitoring during pregnancy. Pregnant mothers suffering from intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy need to strengthen monitoring to detect fetal hypoxia early. If the fetal heart rate baseline becomes flat, If it becomes smaller or disappears, the pregnancy should be terminated immediately; fetal movements should be counted regularly. If the fetal movement is less than 10 times a day, intrauterine distress should be suspected. Regular B-ultrasound should monitor the amniotic fluid volume, fetal biparietal meridian and placental maturity. If there is oligohydramnios, Pregnancy should be terminated; fetal heart rate monitoring should be strengthened, and caesarean section should be performed immediately if necessary. Appropriate treatment can relieve the itching symptoms of pregnant mothers, restore liver function, reduce blood cholic acid levels, detect fetal hypoxia in a timely manner, and take appropriate measures. A combination of general treatment and drug treatment can be used. Obstetric treatment: If the pregnant mother develops jaundice, the gestational age has reached 36 weeks, or if there is no jaundice, the pregnancy is full term or the fetal lungs have matured, or if the placental function is significantly reduced or the fetal distress occurs, the pregnancy should be terminated in time. Termination of pregnancy should be performed by cesarean section, as vaginal delivery can aggravate fetal hypoxia and even cause death. Related articles: Diet and Nutrition for Pregnant Mothers in the 31st Week of Pregnancy, Treatment of Pregnancy Spots and Prevention of Stretch Marks. Many pregnant mothers’ skin pigmentation deepens after pregnancy, forming a symmetrical brown wing shape on both sides of the face above the cheekbones, around the eye sockets and on the forehead. Pigmented areas, called pregnancy spots, are not easy to eliminate for a long time after giving birth. Under normal circumstances, pregnancy spots do not cause pain. This kind of pigmentation is related to endocrine changes after pregnancy. After delivery of the placenta, the endocrine function of the placenta gradually decreases and disappears, and the pregnancy spots will gradually disappear. Therefore, pregnant mothers with pregnancy spots do not need to worry about their postpartum appearance. If the pigmentation is too deep and the area is large. You can apply facial skin protectants such as vitamin B6 cream or sunscreen externally. At the same time, you should also avoid sun exposure that may aggravate spots. As the abdomen increases, stripes of pattern will appear on the abdominal wall, which are stretch marks. To prevent and treat stretch marks, we must start from two aspects: First, we must eliminate or reduce the causative factors, such as polyhydramnios, excessive fetal size, etc. This can reduce the excessive expansion of the abdomen due to an excessively large uterus. In addition, attention should be paid to a reasonable diet to avoid excessive nutrition and the occurrence of fetal macrosomia. Second, it is necessary to strengthen the fiber elasticity of the abdominal skin and muscle elasticity so that the abdomen has sufficient elasticity. For this purpose, pregnant mothers should strengthen exercise, which can reduce the occurrence of stretch marks.

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