After a long and painful ten months of pregnancy, we finally welcomed the arrival of our baby! We were more surprised and moved, but also a little caught off guard. Faced with a soft and waxy newborn, we don’t know “where to start”. I saw small white dots on the newborn\’s face, a thin layer of white skin on the body, and some small fur. Especially new parents are very anxious when they see these, thinking that the newborn is uncomfortable, but in fact these are normal phenomena and will gradually subside on their own later. Then let’s take a look at 42 knowledge points for newborns. After reading this, you don’t have to worry about it. Newborn baby care encyclopedia download ultra clear epub1. The white thin skin covering the body at birth is called vernix, which can protect the skin and will fall off naturally without removing it. 2. The white dots around the forehead, nose, and upper lip are sebaceous gland hyperplasia, which can subside and are affected by maternal hormones. 3. The small white dots that appear on the nose are called milia and can disappear on their own. 4. The small cysts in the center of the gums or palate are called horse teeth or plate teeth and can fall off on their own. 5. The blue spots on the body are caused by the deposition of pigment cells and will gradually fade within one year of age. 6. The vellus hair on the body at birth will fall off naturally. 7. The raised fat pads on both sides of the cheeks are long and help absorb milk. 8. There may be breast enlargement or even a small amount of lactation. This is normal and is affected by the mother\’s hormones. 9. A small amount of vaginal bleeding is caused by the drop in estrogen levels and the uterine mucosa losing the effect of estrogen and falling off. It is also called false menstruation, which is a normal phenomenon. 10. Occasionally crossing the eyes is normal because the eye muscles are underdeveloped and will gradually recover later. 11. Some babies have wide nose bridges and protruding wrinkles at the inner corners of their eyes that block part of the whites of their eyes, making them look like cross-eyed eyes, but in fact they are normal. This is called pseudo strabismus. 12. Humming and chirping while sleeping may be a sign of \”sleep talking\”. 13. The respiratory mucosa is very delicate and it is easy to sneeze when irritated, but sneezing is not a cold. 14. The baby has a narrow nasal cavity and is prone to nasal congestion, which will disappear after 2-3 months. 15. Occipital baldness is a normal phenomenon caused by hair replacement and is not a \”calcium deficiency\”. 16. When the baby feels someone touching his cheek or lips, he will turn his head, which is called a food-seeking response. 17. Put a nipple, pacifier or finger in your mouth and it will automatically suck when it comes into contact with the roof of the mouth, which is called the suction reflex. 18. If the baby changes its head position or is frightened, it will make a hugging movement, which is called the hug reflex. 19. Put your fingers or a small stick on the baby\’s palm, and he will hold it immediately, which is called the grasping reflex. 20. The strength of the holding reflex can almost lift the baby\’s own body. 21. Hold the baby\’s armpits with your hands and let him stand up. He will make a stepping movement, which is called stepping reflex. 22. When the baby\’s head turns to a certain side, the arm on the same side will straighten and the other side will bend, like fencing, which is called a tonic reflex. 23. When a newborn takes his first breath, the airflow passing through the throat will stimulate the vibration of the vocal cords, causing crying. 24. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the blood is very high at birth, so you need to breathe heavily, otherwise you will easily become hypoxic. 25. Urine is pink or red 2-5 days after birthBrown precipitate is a normal phenomenon and is caused by the high content of white blood cells in the body and the decomposition of excess white blood cells. 26. It is normal for a baby to defecate no more than seven or eight times a day as long as he has no other symptoms, is in a good mental state, and has a good appetite. This is because the digestion and absorption capabilities of the newborn baby\’s gastrointestinal tract are not fully developed. 27. It is normal for babies to defecate while feeding. 28. Some babies will develop toxic erythema after birth, which is related to the mother eating spicy food or eating seafood allergies before delivery. 29. Toxic erythema usually disappears on its own after 5-7 days. 30. It is normal for the weight to drop by 7-10% in the first few days after birth. This is due to the reduction of body water and the evaporation of sweat and urine. If you supplement the food in time, you will gradually be fine after 10 days. 31. Do not squeeze the breasts, as this may cause infection or even bacteremia. 32. Wrapping the baby too tightly or too thickly may lead to body heat, dehydration, difficulty breathing, and lack of oxygen, leading to death by suffocation. 33. Jaundice begins to appear in babies 48 hours after birth. It is most severe in 5-7 days and usually subsides gradually in 10-15 days. 34. Jaundice starts to appear on the face, followed by the trunk and limbs. The yellower the eyes, the higher the jaundice value. 35. It usually takes about 7-10 days for the umbilical cord to fall off, and it may be delayed to three weeks. If it does not fall off for more than 21 days, it is recommended to seek medical treatment. 36. The umbilical cord must be cut properly in the hospital. Babies whose umbilical cord is not cut properly will be 10 times more likely to develop omphalitis. 37. Before the umbilical cord falls off, improper care may lead to infection, which may lead to septicemia and other diseases. 38. The curvature of the baby\’s cervical spine has not yet formed, so he does not need a pillow to sleep. It is generally recommended to use a pillow after three months. 39. Talcum powder cannot prevent red buttocks and may also cause clogged pores. 40. The chance of developing congenital clubfoot is one in 1,000. 41. Pneumonia is not necessarily accompanied by obvious cough symptoms. 42. Pneumonia may be present when the baby has the following conditions: fever, flushed face, shortness of breath, swallowing foam at the mouth, flaring of the nose, and blue and purple lips and face, etc. After reading the 42 knowledge points about newborns, you no longer have to worry about your baby\’s problems. Those are normal phenomena for babies and will disappear on their own as the baby grows up day by day. Babies not only need the love of parents, but also need the attentive learning of parents. Because learning can prevent parents from stepping into pitfalls, and it can also help babies grow up healthier!