Baby development standard chart from 0 to 12 months, parents must not help

Baby\’s growth and development includes a series of contents such as gross motor development, fine movements, language, and cognition. Among them, the development process of large-scale sports is the most critical throughout the entire early childhood stage, and it is also the most worrying content for novice parents raising their children. Why do you say that? This is because the development of large movements is the basis for the development of all other abilities. As your baby\’s motor abilities continue to develop, his relationship with the world around him continues to change. During the newborn period, you can only lie down and see the world, with only a few places within your line of sight and contact with your hands and feet. As your baby\’s muscle strength gradually increases, and he slowly learns to raise his head, turn over, sit, stand, and walk, the contact area will be limited. As the scope gradually expands, the senses are exposed to more and more stimuli, which in turn enriches the understanding of the outside world. Therefore, without large-scale exercise, the baby will not be able to learn and explore on a larger scale, and the development of other cognitive abilities will also be limited. So, what is the development process of baby\’s gross motor development? Are you all reciting the phrase \”3 turn, 6 sit, 8 crawl, 12 walk\” in your mind at this time~ Moreover, using this as a standard, once the baby does not reach it, many parents begin to become anxious and anxious, and even \”reinforce the growth\”. So, is what this jingle says authoritative and scientific? If you want to help babies promote gross motor development, are there any scientific guidance methods? Today, I will talk about this topic with you~PS: The article is long and full of practical information, please bring your own dry food~01 Raise your head and raise your chest (0-4 months) Developmental characteristics: After the full moon, you can briefly raise your head slightly when lying on your stomach ; After 2 months, babies can raise their heads 45 degrees when lying prone; at 3 or 4 months old, most babies can raise their heads 90 degrees when lying prone, and can also use the strength of their elbows to lift their chests. What we can do: In my previous article on baby growth and development, I mentioned that if we don’t want the baby’s gross motor development to lag behind, then we only need to do one thing. That is to let the baby lie down more, and let the baby have enough tummy time, that is, tummy time. Lying down is very good for muscle exercise and development. When lying on the tummy, the baby will try to prop himself up so that he can see his mother and the surrounding environment. This process can exercise the muscles of the head, neck, shoulders, waist and abdomen, and also lay the foundation for straightening the upper body and turning to a sitting posture in the future. After the second baby was born, he started lying down from the first day. His large movements were always ahead of the average, and his sensory function and body coordination were also better than the first baby. Therefore, I suggest that babies aged 0-3 months should \”lye\” 2-3 times a day for 1-10 minutes each time. (Depending on the baby\’s condition) Of course, in order to make the baby \”lying\” less bored, you can let him lie on a toy, on the mother\’s belly, on the bent legs, etc. Note: When placing the baby on his stomach, always pay attention to prevent the baby from accidentally covering his mouth and nose. 02 Turning over (3-7 months) Developmental characteristics: 3-5 months, from supine to prone. That is to say, at this stage, most babies can transition from lying down to lying on their stomach. (What we often refer to as \”3-turn\” refers to turning over from supine to prone.) From 4 to 7 months, the ability begins to advance, and you can gradually turn over in both forward and reverse directions;They can move freely from prone to supine to prone; by the age of 7 months, most babies can easily roll their whole body to the left or right. What we can do: The baby\’s learning to turn over is actually a \”linkage\” of muscle strength in all parts of the body. The head, trunk, and limbs are indispensable. Therefore, at this stage we can focus on exercising the baby\’s strength. When lying on their back, you can help your baby do flexion and extension exercises of their limbs (they also like to stretch their arms and kick their legs anyway), which can help them exercise the strength of their limbs. When lying prone, practice raising your head more often, and use toys to tease your baby. The process of constantly supporting the upper body with your arms is also a process of exercising neck strength and arm support. You can place your baby\’s favorite toys on a certain side to tease, attract his attention, and guide him to turn over. If he really can\’t turn over, you can give him a gentle push occasionally to let him feel the process. We can also personally demonstrate how to turn over directly to him. I have seen many successful cases on the Internet. You may wish to give it a try ~ 03 Sitting (4-9 months) Development characteristics: Under normal circumstances: after 4 months of age, he can sit with his mother Sitting in the arms, that is, \”holding and sitting\”; at 5 or 6 months, you can sit on objects for a while; at around 6 or 7 months, you can sit for a while with our arms holding your arms for support; 7~ At 9 months, he can basically sit independently. What we can do: ▷ Let’s “lye” more: Let’s first take a look at the baby’s process from lying to sitting. During the process of lying down, the muscles of the whole body develop, and the baby will gradually learn to use its limbs to support the body. During the support process, when the baby feels tired or needs to free his hands to pick up toys, he will turn over and sit down. Therefore, if you want your baby to sit well, you must first encourage your baby to lie down more during the lying down period. ▷Practice sitting: When you first start practicing, you can let the baby sit on the mother\’s lap. The most common posture I used before was to sit cross-legged and let the baby sit in the leg sockets. After that, I can slowly transition to sitting on the corner of the sofa or a U-shaped pillow to give the baby a certain amount of support. ▷Practice pulling and sitting: After the baby\’s head control improves, you can hold the baby\’s shoulders and pull him from a lying position to a sitting position. When the head is well controlled, you can gradually transition to holding the baby\’s arms and hands. Babies learn to sit, which is their favorite activity. Being able to sit up like this is also very novel for them. Note: It’s not that we pull the baby up when he doesn’t use any strength, but we provide assistance when he lifts up hard. 04 Crawling (5-13 months) Developmental characteristics: At 5-7 months, the baby will begin to have the will and movement to crawl. When babies first start crawling, their postures are all kinds of and may even feel a little weird. For example, when lying on the floor mat, you may squirm on the ground alone, or you may rub your buttocks and move forward while sitting. At 8-9 months, as the strength of the limbs becomes stronger, the baby will begin to practice using his hands and knees together, and will gradually be able to complete the standard crawling movement of \”supporting the ground with both hands and knees, crossing and moving forward.\” Until the age of 13 months, it is normal for babies to learn to crawl on their hands and knees. What we can do: ▷Still TUmmy time: Research shows that babies who lie down more will learn to crawl earlier. ▷Practice more on the floor mat: When the baby shows the desire to crawl in the early stage, due to lack of strength, he often rolls instead of crawling, which is more likely to cause the risk of falling from the sofa or bed. So pay more attention and try to let your baby practice crawling on a wide floor mat. ▷Practice holding hands and knees on the ground: Initially, you can let the baby rest on hands and knees for a while. A small number of times is the standard. When the maintenance time becomes longer and longer, you can put a toy that your baby usually likes in front of you, and encourage him to hold it on the ground with one hand and pick it up with the other hand. ▷Toy attraction: When the baby can complete the previous movements, he can start to use toys to guide him to crawl. In the beginning, the toys should not be too far away from the baby, 50 to 60 centimeters is enough. Don’t forget to encourage the baby after he gets the toys. ▷Climb over obstacles: You can climb over pillows and go through tunnels, allowing your baby to explore on their own, so that they can practice crawling during play. 05 Developmental characteristics of standing and walking (7-18 months): Because there is a large degree of overlap between the stages of baby standing and learning to walk, we will discuss them together here. 7-8 months old: The baby begins to try to stand holding on to objects. 8-9 months: Can hold an adult\’s hand or hold on to other furniture to master balance; and while standing, babies at this stage especially like to hold on to furniture and walls, and take a few steps around. At that time, the baby almost had to circle around the table ~ 9-12 months old: basically able to stand balanced for a few seconds, and will try to step forward without support. 12-15 months old: Most babies can take a few steps without support. At first, they walk shaky. Slowly you can turn around, start walking and stand still without losing your balance. By the time he is 18 months old, he will be a very stable little person. What we can do: ▷Practice standing: In the learning to stand stage, the main thing is to give the baby the opportunity to practice standing, such as providing a suitable and safe tool as a support, or giving him a support with your hands so that he can rely on his own strength to take the initiative Stand up (not be pulled up.) ▷Practice balance: Balance is the key for your baby to learn to walk. When my baby is a toddler, one of my most common methods is to sit on the floor with him, and after helping him stand firm, count the numbers to see how long he can stay seated before falling. Even if he falls, don\’t make a fuss, keep a relaxed tone, and praise him, \”It\’s great, I stood for a long time this time~\” A documentary about baby development, The Amazing World of Babies, BBC Chinese [Full 3 episodes in 1080P ultra-clear version] ▷Exercise Walking: At this stage, the most taboo thing is to lead the baby to learn to walk, because this can easily cause damage to his bones and can also easily develop wrong walking habits. Therefore, when practicing walking, we must always remember that our role is as a crutch, not as a traction. Don\’t pull his hands upward while standing, but try to stay at the same height as him, let him support you, and slowly guide him forward. However, we have to bend over and even kneel, which is really a jobAdults, if you have an eldest child at home, leave it to them~ Under normal circumstances: By the time the baby is 1 and a half years old, he can walk very steadily and can run and do things like kicking a ball~ By the time he is 2 years old, he will be very proficient in walking and running. It\’s stable and can go up and down stairs. By the time he is 3 years old, his balance ability will be stronger and he can jump independently, stand on one foot, and jump forward. At this time, the little kids really begin to \”have fun everywhere in the vast world.\” Finally, I still say that each child\’s development has individual differences, and the conclusions given by authoritative organizations also say that the mastery of each ability has a relatively large time span. Whether it is sitting, crawling, standing, or walking, for babies, it is a natural result as they develop. The method I gave is just \”guidance\”. The baby\’s gross motor development is very important, but if we are overly anxious, blindly compare, or even over-intervene, it will cause unnecessary damage, which is not worth the gain!

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