We have finally reached the third trimester of pregnancy, when the baby is growing at full capacity. Expectant mothers gain weight rapidly, and their bodies become heavier and heavier, making it difficult to move. They also feel tired and physically and mentally uncomfortable. To avoid accidents, pay special attention to everything! Develop the potential of children aged 0-6 years old and develop babies with high EQ and IQ. Premature birth is something that every pregnant mother is not willing to face. Therefore, preventing premature birth during pregnancy is crucial. What is a premature baby? Some people don\’t understand what a premature baby is. A mother once asked: \”My baby was born 2 weeks premature. How do I calculate the corrected age in months?\” Preterm birth is one of the most common complications in the perinatal period. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are approximately 15 million premature births worldwide every year, with the proportion of premature infants ranging from 5% to 18%, and this number is still rising; complications related to premature birth are the main cause of death for children under the age of 5. causes, and existing interventions based on medical cost-effectiveness can save only three-quarters of these deaths. Premature infants are infants born at 37 weeks or less; infants with a birth weight of less than 2500g are collectively called low birth weight infants; premature infants with a birth weight of 1000g to 1499g are extremely low birth weight infants; premature infants with a birth weight of less than 1000g For extremely low birth weight infants. Symptoms of premature labor in pregnancy ◆ Vaginal bleeding ◆ Amniotic fluid discharge ◆ Uterine contractions ◆ Continuous labor pains ◆ Hardening of the lower abdomen What causes premature birth? 01 Fetal factors If the fetus is twins or multiple fetuses, or has polyhydramnios, fetal malformations, placental abnormalities, etc., then the possibility of premature birth is also relatively high. 02 Pregnant women\’s factors: If pregnant women suffer from acute infectious diseases, pregnancy-induced hypertension, uterine malformation, trauma, severe anemia, malnutrition, folic acid deficiency and other diseases, then the possibility of premature birth will be higher. 03 Environmental Factors If pregnant women are tired for a long time, work too long, and have large mood swings, they are more likely to have premature birth. 04 Infection and inflammation If pregnant women are infected with inflammation such as toxoplasmosis, rubella, herpes, smallpox, urinary tract infection, etc., they may also easily lead to premature birth. Who is prone to premature birth? ●Have a history of premature birth in the past. If a pregnant mother has experienced premature birth before, the probability of premature birth for her second baby is higher than that of ordinary mothers. ●Abnormal uterine development: If a pregnant mother\’s uterus is underdeveloped, with an arcuate uterus, a bicornuate uterus, etc., the probability of premature birth may increase to 15% to 30%. ●Bad lifestyles such as smoking, drinking, overwork, excessive mental stress, and high psychological pressure will increase the probability of premature birth. ●Genetic factors Premature birth is related to genetic factors. Familial preterm birth will increase the probability of premature birth in pregnant women. The inheritance of physical diseases can also increase the probability of premature birth. How to prevent premature birth? Regular prenatal check-ups are very important. During each prenatal check-up, you need to tell the doctor about your physical discomfort in time, so that preventive measures or treatments can be taken through further examination. Actively treat complications. Those with hypertension and diabetes need to be actively treated, otherwise the condition will worsen and lead to iatrogenic premature birth. during pregnancy, if cervical insufficiency is suspected, cervical cerclage is required. In addition, it is also necessary to avoid fatigue and external stimulation, maintain a good living condition, and take in reasonable and sufficient nutrition. Although there are many causes of premature birth, they are still preventable and controllable. I hope that pregnant mothers can pay attention to every prenatal check-up to avoid the occurrence of premature birth and go through the pregnancy smoothly.