Cultivation of children\’s self-care ability

The so-called self-care ability refers to the things that a person must do every day. These things will maintain a person\’s health. If you cannot complete it yourself, you must have other people assist, otherwise your life or health may be affected. For example: if a person cannot eat by himself, then his nutrition will be problematic; if a person cannot judge how much clothes to wear and wear them appropriately, then he may be prone to colds or heatstroke. Children rely on their parents\’ care from birth to living independently as adults. During this time, they continue to learn so that their abilities can cope with the requirements of the environment. The ability to take care of yourself is one of the most important. Self-care is not a simple skill training. It requires the support of children with a lot of knowledge and skills. How to raise children scientifically and healthily pdf [Scientific nurturing and escorting newborn families] For example: the child needs to put on his pants by himself, and in terms of movement, he needs to be able to stand on one foot before he can raise one foot. His hands need to work together to pull his pants up. Cognitively, he also needs to know: which side of the pants is on the front and whether he is wearing them in the wrong direction (spatial concept ability). Therefore, self-care ability training is also a way to improve children’s abilities in all aspects. What methods can effectively improve the performance of children\’s self-care ability? 1. Provide him with two choices (but both are expected by us adults) and let him choose by himself to increase cooperation. For example, do you want to put your shoes on now or later? Do you want to wear it inside the door or outside the door? Do you want to wear blue socks or black socks? 2. Put down what you are doing, come to the child, and provide attention, companionship, or guidance (but not do it for you). 3. Use the practice method of \”reverse steps\”, that is, assisting with the previous steps, allowing the child to complete the latter steps by himself, and gradually reduce the amount of assistance until he becomes independent. For example, when you practice putting on a T-shirt for the first time, help your child pull over his head and put on the second hand, and let him pull down the hem of the shirt by himself; next time, only help him pull over his head and put on one hand, and let him put on the second hand and pull down the hem of the shirt by himself; Next, I only help him pull over his hair, and he puts on the second hand and pulls down the hem of his clothes. Finally, he just helps him put the clothes in the right direction, and the child pulls on his head and puts on the two sleeves by himself. This reverse-step practice method provides children with a sense of accomplishment in completing tasks, and is particularly effective for children with low frustration tolerance and low self-confidence. 4. The \”step-by-step\” practice method is to let the child try to do it by himself first. If he really can\’t do it, the parents will first praise him for how good he is, try it by himself, and then help him complete the rest. For example, a child puts on his coat first, and then the adult helps button the buttons; a child puts on his socks first, and then the adult helps him straighten them. The best time and place to practice self-care skills is when and where the task occurs naturally. For example, sit at the door and practice putting on your shoes before going out, practice taking off your clothes in the bathroom before taking a shower, and practice washing your hands at the sink before eating and after using the toilet. When a skill is taught and practiced at the time and place where it naturally occurs, it will soon be internalized and become part of the child\’s behavior pattern. He will wash his hands after going to the toilet and put on his shoes when getting ready to go out. Therefore, enough time should be set aside for the child to complete what he should be able to do on his own.Integrate practice opportunities into every situation in your life, and don’t do it just because you’re in a hurry. If the child is motivated enough and has opportunities to practice in the daily living environment, the child can get a lot of practice and their self-care ability will usually develop very well. When parents actively encourage and teach their children to take care of themselves, they are cultivating the development of their children\’s ability to take care of themselves.

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