Early pregnancy symptoms and dietary principles for pregnant mothers in the 4th week

Pregnant mothers should eat less irritating foods. Some women like to eat spicy foods. Proper consumption can promote appetite and blood circulation, but pregnant women should not eat excessive amounts of these irritating foods. First of all, spicy substances will enter the fetus through the mother\’s blood circulation and cause adverse effects on the fetus. Secondly, spicy food easily consumes intestinal water and reduces gastrointestinal gland secretion. Causes intestinal dryness and may cause digestive disorders, such as stomach discomfort, indigestion, and constipation. Furthermore, after constipation occurs in the intestinal tract, pregnant mothers must hold their breath to relieve defecation, which increases abdominal pressure and is prone to hemorrhoids. Since the growth of the fetus after pregnancy can itself affect the digestive function and defecation of the pregnant mother, if the pregnant mother always maintains the habit of eating spicy food, on the one hand, it will aggravate the symptoms of indigestion, constipation or hemorrhoids, and on the other hand It will also affect the pregnant mother\’s supply of nutrition to the fetus, and even increase the difficulty of childbirth. Therefore, women should stop eating spicy food 3-6 months before planning to become pregnant, and should not eat too much in the early stages of pregnancy. Pregnant mothers should not drink tea and coffee. Coffee and tea are drinks that people often drink, and it is easy to form habits when drinking them. Drinking tea has a long history in China and has formed a unique traditional culture. Many people cannot do without tea in their daily lives. In recent years, as China opens up to the outside world and Western lifestyles gradually enter China, coffee as a fashionable beverage has gradually become popular, especially among young people, who are accustomed to drinking coffee. Both coffee and tea contain caffeine, which is a central nervous system stimulant that is excreted quickly and is not very toxic to adults. So far, there has been no clinical case of direct correlation between drinking coffee or caffeinated beverages and human malformations. However, in animal experiments on fetal teratogenicity of drugs, it was found that caffeine can cause malformations in small animals. This result should attract our attention. If you are preparing to become pregnant or have discovered that you are pregnant, it is best to reduce the amount of tea or coffee you drink and avoid drinking strong tea or strong coffee. It is best to replace these drinks with water or fresh juice. Pregnant mothers should not eat too much spinach. People have always believed that spinach is rich in iron and has the function of replenishing blood, so it is often regarded as the best vegetable to prevent anemia during pregnancy. In fact, the iron content in spinach is not high, and it contains a lot of oxalic acid. Oxalic acid will affect the body\’s absorption of calcium and zinc. Excessive consumption of spinach by pregnant mothers will reduce the content of calcium and zinc in the body, affecting the growth and development of the fetus. Calcium and zinc are indispensable trace elements for the human body. Calcium deficiency in pregnant mothers will not only affect their own health, but also have adverse consequences for fetal development. Zinc deficiency in pregnant mothers will cause a decrease in appetite and a reduced intake of various nutrients, so pregnant women Mothers should not eat too much spinach, especially in the early stages of pregnancy.

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