Infected with influenza A, what is the best solution for a child who has phlegm but cannot cough it up?

After being infected with influenza A, the child kept coughing and coughing, and could not spit out the phlegm. The parents were anxious and didn\’t know what to do. They had to queue up to go to the hospital for nebulization. Some parents asked in the background: can they use it at home? Nebulize your child with normal saline? I believe many parents have such doubts. First of all, I will answer you: yes. But as for what situations require atomization? Is saline nebulization useful? How to do? Today I will tell you about this in this article. 1What situations require atomization? Many parents become anxious when they hear the word \”atomization\”. They think that nebulization is a treatment method that is only used when the child\’s symptoms are so severe that they cannot be treated with medication. This is actually a misunderstanding. Nebulization refers to dispersing drugs into tiny droplets or mist-like particles through special equipment, and then using special devices to allow the drugs to enter the respiratory tract and lungs through the mouth and nose to achieve the purpose of treatment. Nebulization is a method of drug delivery, just like taking medicine, injections, and infusions. In that case, can nebulization be used as long as the child coughs? Whether nebulization is needed depends mainly on the symptoms: According to the \”Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Cough in Chinese Children\”, currently only asthma and chronic non-specific cough can be treated with nebulization, and inhaled drugs mainly include inhaled glucocorticoids. , bronchodilators and expectorants. For acute coughs caused by common colds, flu, etc., it is theoretically not recommended to use aerosol treatment. Coughing itself is not a disease, but a symptom. It is a protective mechanism of the human body to expel garbage and viruses from the airway. If the child\’s cough does not affect daily life such as diet and sleep, it is not recommended to use drug atomization unless necessary. treatment approach. So since they are all methods of drug administration, why is atomization not recommended? Is it because atomization has greater side effects? 2. Does atomization have greater side effects? Compared with other drug delivery methods, the advantages of atomization are: precise drug administration, small dosage, better drug absorption, faster onset of action, and higher acceptance by children. Nebulization therapy can directly relieve bronchospasm, dilute sputum, and prevent respiratory tract infections. This topical medication has fewer side effects than systemic treatments such as oral administration and injections. So since the side effects are smaller, why is aerosol treatment not recommended for children who cough after having the flu? There are three main reasons for this: First, cough itself is not a disease, and over-treatment will affect the excretion of the virus from the body. In addition, influenza itself is a self-limiting disease, and symptoms will gradually recover when they develop to a certain extent; second, there are drugs that stimulate the respiratory tract and cause Risk of aggravating cough; Scientific parenting knowledge: Complete video collection of Infant and Child Home Care Encyclopedia. Third, if the child is too young (under 2 years old) or cannot cough up sputum, it will be more difficult to expel the sputum after inhaling expectorant drugs to dilute the sputum. However, if the child does have thick phlegm after being infected with the flu and cannot cough it up, which affects his diet and sleep, he can atomize and inhale normal saline for relief. 3. Normal saline atomization only relieves symptoms! Although drug atomization is not recommended, if the child is really uncomfortable with the cough, parents may consider atomizing the child with normal saline to achieve the effect of moistening the airway, diluting sputum, and relieving the cough. However, saline nebulization is onlyIt has a relieving effect and has no medicinal effect. It can only be used as a means to assist phlegm discharge, but it cannot treat diseases. To use normal saline atomization to relieve children\’s symptoms, you must follow these prerequisites: ● If the child\’s cough is caused by dry climate, allergies, colds, etc., normal saline atomization can be used to moisten the airway and relieve the cough; but if it is a variable For coughs caused by asthma, gastroesophageal reflux, choking on foreign bodies, etc., nebulizing with normal saline is useless. ● The physiological saline used for atomization needs to be purchased from regular pharmacies and cannot be homemade. Notice! If the cough is caused by respiratory inflammation, asthma and other diseases, special drugs must be used for atomization under the guidance of a doctor to achieve the therapeutic effect. 4. Things to pay attention to when nebulizing normal saline! First of all, it should be noted that nebulization should be performed in the hospital first. First, it is difficult for parents to master the correct operation method. Second, once discomfort occurs during atomization, they can also seek help from a doctor in time. However, if you really need to nebulize your child at home, it is best for parents to take their children to nebulize in the hospital before and master the correct operation process, and they need to pay attention to the following: ● First of all, follow the doctor’s advice; ● Do the first half of nebulization Do not eat for an hour to prevent the atomization from irritating the throat and causing vomiting; ● The atomization time should not be too long, about 10 minutes is enough; ● If the child has adverse reactions during the atomization process, stop immediately and send him to the hospital immediately if necessary Doctor; ● Control the amount of atomization. Compared with adults, children’s respiratory systems are not yet fully developed. If the amount of atomization is too large at the beginning of inhalation, a large amount of mist entering the airways will irritate the airways and cause severe coughing; ● Mist After digestion is completed, help the child expel sputum and cough up the diluted sputum. The recent outbreak of influenza A has made parents physically and mentally exhausted, their children are not feeling well, and they are even more worried. However, they should not be confused and use aerosol inhalation. It is best to use it under the guidance of a doctor.

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