Babies’ skin is delicate, and mothers are most afraid of their babies getting tanned, so they apply all kinds of sunscreen on their babies’ faces and bodies, NO! Not all babies can apply sunscreen, so help your baby develop the correct “posture” for sun protection! Babies all like outdoor sports, but in the hot summer, how can we let them play well without being afraid of the sun? Mothers should do a good job of sun protection for their babies, effectively block ultraviolet rays, and take good care of their babies\’ delicate skin! Baby sun protection is also divided into age groups. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends: ☀ Babies under 6 months old: Babies under 6 months old should not be exposed to direct sunlight. Use physical sun protection, such as wearing protective clothing and a wide-brimmed sun hat to cover your face and neck. Use a sun-protected stroller or a carrier with SPF. ☀Babies over 6 months old: basic sun protection equipment, wearing protective clothing, a hat with a brim, and sunglasses. ☀Babies over 1 year old: Pay attention to sun protection. In addition to basic sun protection equipment, you can use sun protection products. If you take your baby for outdoor activities, please choose to do outdoor activities before 10 a.m. or after 4 p.m. to avoid going out during the hours when ultraviolet rays are strongest. During activities, stay in a shaded or shady place and avoid direct sunlight. Even if you need to be exposed to direct sunlight, do not exceed 30-45 minutes. Category 3 sun protection products for babies: Sun-protective clothing is the first line of defense against the sun, but the sun protection index (SPF) of light and thin white sun-protective clothing is only about 7, and thicker dark outerwear may provide protection above SPF15. Because white has the weakest blocking effect on sunlight. Moreover, when white clothes get wet, they basically have no protective effect. On the contrary, bright-colored or dark-colored clothes, such as red, blue, green and yellow, have better sun protection effect. Red, in particular, is the most sun-protective of all colors. Therefore, red cotton long-sleeved thin shirts and pants with good texture, breathability and looseness are essential sun protection clothes for every baby in summer. Harvard University in the United States once conducted an experimental study and the results showed that wearing dark clothing in summer is cooler than wearing white clothing. Parasols and sun hats Parasols and sun hats are good helpers for sun protection. They can directly and effectively reduce the damage of the sun to your baby\’s skin without increasing the burden on the skin. The sun protection effect is quite good. Of course, don’t forget to bring a bottle of water with you to rehydrate your baby in time! Sunscreen Compared with adults, babies\’ skin is very thin and there is very little sebum film to keep the skin moist. Therefore, the so-called \”barrier function\” is not yet mature and it is difficult to resist external stimulation. They need more adequate sun protection, which requires baby sunscreen. 5. Pay attention to choosing sunscreen for babies. There are still some primary school questions. Mothers need to pay attention to the following 4 points: Note 1: When choosing sunscreen for babies, you must choose \”baby-specific, natural ingredients\”. Marked with the words \”also suitable for babies\”; it is best to be 100% natural products that do not contain pigments, fragrances, mineral oils, organic chemical sunscreens and other substances. Note 2: The sun protection index must be understood to choose the sun protection index (SPF) between 10 and 30. Mothers also need to understand the applicable occasions of different SPF: ◆ SPF10: Do not often do outdoor activities. ◆ SPF15: daily life and games. ◆ SPF20～25: Swim at the beach and enjoy sunbathing. ◆ SPF30: Continuous sun exposure. Note 3: Choose physical sunscreen. There are two types of sunscreen: physical sunscreen and chemical sunscreen. Physical sunscreen is non-irritating to the skin and is more suitable for baby\’s skin. Look for the active ingredients (Active Ingredient) on the sunscreen package: zinc oxide (zinc oxide) and titanium dioxide (titanium dioxide). If these two are present, it is a sunscreen with physical ingredients. When purchasing, please do not choose sunscreen containing benzophenone (oxybenzone) or vitamin A (retinyl palmitate). Benzophenone is added, which can penetrate the skin and enter the bloodstream, similar to estrogen in the body, triggering allergic reactions. Vitamin A palmitate accelerates skin tumors and lesions when exposed to sunlight. Look carefully when purchasing. Note 4: Avoid choosing simple sunscreen with complicated functions instead of products with mosquito repellent function. Because anti-mosquito products contain amines, they are not suitable for repeated application, but sunscreen needs to be reapplied frequently. Note 5: Avoid spraying. Although spraying is convenient, it carries the risk of inhalation and eye irritation. It is not recommended for babies. Even if it is used by adults, it should be sprayed on the hands first. 3 steps to use sunscreen correctly Step 1: Before using the newly purchased baby sunscreen, remember to test your baby\’s skin. Take a little and apply it on the skin behind your baby\’s ears to see if there is any allergic reaction. If you have allergies or other adverse reactions during initial use, you should stop using it immediately. Step 2: Apply to the baby 30 minutes before going out. Be careful to avoid the eyes and apply it to the exposed skin surface. Don’t forget to apply it carefully on the baby’s feet, ears, nose and back of the neck. These places are most likely to be exposed to the sun. injured part. After going out, reapply sunscreen every two hours. Do not use sunscreen on wet or sweaty skin. This will cause the sunscreen to quickly fall off with water and sweat or become ineffective, and it will not be able to provide effective sun protection. Step 3: After returning from the outdoors, you should give your baby a bath in time, thoroughly wash off the sunscreen applied on the skin, and then apply a thin layer of moisturizer. Tips: ●Sunscreen and mosquito repellent cannot be used at the same time. The ingredients of the two will cause chemical reactions, leading to neurotoxicity. If they must be used together, they should be separated by at least half an hour. ●Remember to replenish your baby with water when exercising or playing outdoors. If mothers take these sun protection measures for their babies, the babies can go out to touch the sun and play as much as they want.