Every time the baby catches a cold, the cough always lingers for half a month. Mothers often use various medicines and folk remedies, but the baby still does not feel better. In fact, removing the cause of the cough is the key to treating the cough. Find the cause and remove it, and the cough will naturally get better. Why do babies cough? The most common cause: respiratory infection. Many babies will cough after catching a cold. When viral or bacterial infections cause inflammation and irritate the respiratory tract, they will start to cough. In terms of location, it can involve rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, bronchitis, pneumonia, etc. Allergic coughs are increasingly caused by allergies and usually come on suddenly. After the baby encounters the allergen, obvious symptoms will appear within a few minutes to 2 hours: sneezing, runny nose, and cough soon. In severe cases, he may suffer from wheezing. However, the symptoms can easily be confused with respiratory infections, so mothers must be careful to identify them. Irritating gases: When babies smell irritating smells such as second-hand smoke, smog, exhaust gas, cooking fumes, etc., they can also cause coughing, but it is short-lived and generally does not cause any problems. Foreign bodies in the trachea can sometimes cause coughing in babies. There was once a 9-month-old baby who coughed for a long time and could not find out the cause. Finally, a small piece of crushed peanut was found in the bronchus, and there was an infection in the trachea. . What kind of cough does your baby have? Coughs caused by respiratory infections usually occur throughout the day. For example, coughs caused by colds, babies will cough at any time. Coughs in the middle of the night and early in the morning are mostly related to the upper respiratory tract (cold). Sometimes colds will cause nasal discharge. When the baby When lying down, the mucus from the nose will flow back into the throat, causing choking and coughing, often in the middle of the night or early in the morning. Rhinitis or adenoidal hypertrophy may also be suspected. A sudden severe cough after entering a certain environment or coming into contact with a certain substance may be caused by allergies if the irritating gases are eliminated. Many mothers think that a dry cough without phlegm will cause a cough without phlegm. Lighter, but not really. Just imagine, those coughs that cause a dry and itchy throat will never stop, and may even cause retching. If there is phlegm, you will feel much better once the phlegm is coughed up. In fact, no matter what the cause of dry cough is, as long as the cough continues, it will eventually stimulate the respiratory mucosa to secrete sputum, and finally turn into a cough with phlegm. Many mothers who have coughs with phlegm think that coughs with phlegm are more serious, but in fact it is just the opposite. If the baby has excessive phlegm and nasal discharge, it is easier to discharge, and the condition is not serious. When the baby coughs and produces phlegm, it means that the baby\’s illness is about to be cured. A shallow cough usually occurs in the throat. The frequency of the cough is very fast and it sounds very short. Babies with a lot of phlegm and nasal discharge have a shallow cough, and their condition is often not that serious. But when the baby lies down at night, the mucus will flow back into the throat and cause coughing. The baby often wakes up with coughing at night and cannot rest well. Deep cough: A deep cough is located in a low position, usually in the trachea, bronchi, and lungs. It sounds like a sound coming from the chest, and each cough lasts relatively long. Due to the lower position of the deep cough, the baby is often unable to cough up the phlegm. The baby coughs very hard or does not feel relaxed after coughing. At this timeWhen the condition is more serious. A deep cough is the same cough during the day and night. Some babies will have a more severe cough during the day, but it will be relatively mild at night and they can sleep well. What medicine should I take if my baby has a cough? For coughs caused by colds, the goal should be to use as little medicine as possible, use local medicine (aerosol), or take oral medicine as much as possible, and do not blindly take antibiotics. For babies with excessive phlegm and persistent cough, phlegm-reducing syrup and aerosol treatment can be used. Antibiotics: Applicable in rare cases. A mother asked: The baby\’s cold is caused by respiratory infection. It is inflammation, so he needs to take anti-inflammatory drugs! Actually this is wrong! Antibiotics only work if you have a bacterial infection, and for the vast majority of coughs caused by cold viruses, antibiotics don\’t work at all! Therefore, there are not many cases where antibiotics are needed for coughing. Antibiotics must be used with the permission of the doctor. It needs to be emphasized that taking antibiotics indiscriminately may cause allergies, diarrhea and other problems in the baby, and may also have long-term effects on the baby\’s health, leading to increased risks such as obesity, eczema, and asthma. Cold medicine: Not recommended if your baby has a common cold, which is a self-limiting disease and can be cured without medicine if parents take good care of it. Cough medicines: Over-the-counter cough medicines are not recommended. Babies under 2 years old should not take any over-the-counter cough medicines. Cough medicines like codeine are for central nervous system diseases, and babies with respiratory infections do not need them at all! Phlegm-reducing medicine: Use ambroxol hydrochloride (Mucosolvan) if necessary. It is an enzyme drug that can digest the protein in sputum and dilute the viscous sputum, making it easier to discharge. Why does my baby’s cough never get better? Some babies have recurring coughs that last for several weeks. This is actually because they do not use medicine to help them expel sputum as quickly as possible. Each time the baby coughs alone to expel phlegm, and the coughing stimulates the mucosa again and secretes new sputum. With the new sputum, the baby has to cough again. If this happens repeatedly, the coughing time will be longer. Therefore, after using phlegm-reducing medicine, the phlegm will be reduced, the baby will cough less, the mucous membrane will have less chance of being irritated, and the phlegm will become less and less. Therefore, the purpose of treating cough is not to relieve cough, but to resolve phlegm! Nebulization is the best way to resolve phlegm! The use of atomization is helpful for relieving coughs and asthma, and is also helpful for cleaning and discharging respiratory secretions, that is, phlegm. Cough is a local disease. If oral medicine is given to the baby, it will be absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract and then into the bloodstream and then to the affected area. It will take a long time and the medicine will be weak. The atomizer takes the medicine in the form of mist, directly from the baby\’s nose and mouth to the entire respiratory tract. It is highly targeted and not only has quick effects, but also has few side effects. Phlegm reduction: Ambroxol Hydrochloride (Mucosolvan) is an enzyme drug that can digest the protein in sputum and dilute the viscous sputum so that it can be discharged more easily. Cough relief: When a baby\’s cough is severe enough to affect his or her life, albuterol can be inhaled by atomization with the permission of a doctor. Bronchial asthma: Bronchial antispasmodics + corticosteroids can be used. Increase the humidity of the respiratory tract: atomized saline to help moisturize the baby\’s respiratory tract, which can reduce and avoid respiratory tract infections in babies. It is a very good solutionSafe health care practices. Help your baby cough up phlegm and pat his back! And the correct method of patting on the back. It is very difficult for babies to cough and expectorate. Sometimes they cannot cough up phlegm even after atomization. At this time, parents need help. The most effective way to help the baby cough up phlegm is to pat the back! Hold your hands like hollow palms so that there will be no pain when shooting, and the shock will be obvious. Use the power of shaking the wrist instead of using the force of the entire arm. Don\’t be too gentle when patting, otherwise it will have no effect. Posture 1. Hold the baby upright on your shoulders, with the baby\’s lower jaw higher than the shoulder height, and pat the back. 2. If the baby can sit firmly on its own, you can sit on the parent\’s lap. 3. Older babies can lie on the bed by themselves. Parents use two hands to pat the back. The effect of both hands is better. Follow the order from bottom to top, from both sides to the middle, which is more conducive to the baby\’s cough. Phlegm PS: The purpose of patting phlegm is not necessarily to make the baby spit it out from the mouth. It can also be expelled from the trachea and swallowed into the digestive tract.