Parents should be vigilant about the dangers of scoliosis in children

Nowadays, scoliosis has become a common problem in adolescents. Scoliosis not only affects the child\’s body shape, but more importantly, it can cause serious physical and mental health problems. What harm does scoliosis bring to children? How do parents detect and prevent scoliosis in their children? Let’s take a look ▼▼The number of primary and secondary school students with scoliosis is expected to exceed 5 million. Surveys show that the number of primary and secondary school students with scoliosis in China is currently expected to exceed 5 million and is still increasing at a rate of about 300,000 per year. Scoliosis has become a disease after obesity and myopia. The third major disease that endangers the health of children and adolescents Doctors believe that today’s children study and sit for a long time and do not have good posture. Good correction leads to local imbalance of some muscles, which will cause scoliosis. Screening data shows that the proportion of scoliosis among junior high school girls is relatively high. In addition to incorrect sitting and sleeping postures, more than 80% have studied dance. From a professional perspective, we focus on considering It\’s a muscle-derived problem. It may be that the force is unbalanced, or that the teacher has a problem with exerting force when teaching the children the movements. The force exerted by some muscles is not very standard, which may slowly cause progressive scoliosis. ——He Xiaodan, a doctor at the Traditional Chinese Medicine Orthopedics Hospital of Fuyang District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, to address the problem of scoliosis among primary and secondary school students. Last year, the National Health Commission issued the \”Technical Guidelines for the Prevention and Control of Spinal Curvature Abnormalities in Children and Adolescents\” requiring screening items to be included in student physical examinations and screening. The results of the examination are recorded in the health file ▲ Incorporate the screening items for abnormal spinal curvature into the physical examination every school year or for new students, do a good job in monitoring the spinal health of children and adolescents, early detect high-risk factors that affect the spinal health of children and adolescents, and provide timely referral and early correction. Protect and promote the normal development of the spine in children and adolescents. ▲ For students in primary and secondary schools with a high prevalence of spinal curvature abnormalities, carry out routine professional school screening for spinal curvature abnormalities. In accordance with the professional screening requirements for spinal curvature abnormalities, professional medical staff will be responsible for screening regularly (on an annual basis). ▲ For children and adolescents with suspected spinal curvature abnormalities detected early, timely referral and early correction are required. ▲ Design a spine health monitoring column in the student annual physical examination form, standardize the recording of screening content, ensure that each person has one file, and transfer it in real time with changes in student status. The spine screening results of primary and middle school students can be connected, and the screening results of abnormal spinal curvature are included Student health records dynamically monitor students\’ spinal health status. Self-correction method for scoliosis in a 12-year-old girl! 2 out of every 10 children fall victim to the disease ▲ Timely analyze the spinal health status of children and adolescents, detect abnormal spinal curvature through early screening, dynamically observe the progression and changes of abnormal spinal curvature in children and adolescents at different stages, and proactively target progressive spinal curvature abnormalities. Develop interventions in an effort to reduce the occurrence of severe spinal curvature abnormalities. ▲ For some underdeveloped or relatively remote areas, primary screening based on families and schools can be promoted and establishedThe spine health prevention and control platform provides online consultation to expand and improve the coverage and service capabilities of spine health prevention and control. Scoliosis brings physical and mental damage. When viewed from the back, a normal person\’s spine is a straight line. Scoliosis refers to a \”C\” or \”S\” shaped curvature of the spine during development. Medically, the spinal curvature angle is ≥10 degrees. For scoliosis, incorrect sitting postures and lying on the left and right sides when doing homework with your legs crossed may cause abnormal spinal curvature. However, these postures are often susceptible to teenagers who can return to the midline by actively or passively adjusting the spine. Often unexplained structural scoliosis (including congenital scoliosis, acquired scoliosis and unexplained idiopathic scoliosis) requires timely treatment because the disease will develop rapidly during adolescence, not only affecting the body shape, but also may cause cardiopulmonary disease. Functional abnormal scoliosis in adolescents is hidden in the early stages of the disease and is generally difficult to detect by the patient himself. It is usually discovered by parents or during a physical examination. Adolescence is a period of rapid bone growth and development. If timely intervention is not performed, scoliosis will rapidly develop into the adult spine. The patient will be unable to support the body weight normally and is prone to long-term and recurring low back pain. If the spinal nerve is compressed, the patient will also experience symptoms such as numbness of the lower limbs, weakness and difficulty walking. For adolescents with severe scoliosis, the scoliosis of the spine will also cause The compression and deformation of the thorax compresses the normal development space of the heart and lungs, causing irreversible damage to the heart and lung function, affecting the patient\’s daily activity ability and quality of life. In addition, scoliosis also seriously affects the physical and mental health, academic performance and social ability of teenagers, which is extremely harmful to patients and families. For big troubles, you can help your child self-examine and prevent scoliosis in the early stage. There are no obvious symptoms, no pain or itching, and no obvious physical deformity. Therefore, it is often ignored. How to judge whether a child’s spine has scoliosis in daily life? ▼▼ At home Self-assessment can be done through posture observation. Let the child stand naturally with feet and shoulders the same width apart. Observe whether the shoulders are at the same height and whether the neck is skewed. From the back, observe whether the skin lines in the depressions on both sides of the waist and the shoulder blades on both sides are symmetrical. Is the waistline symmetrical? Whether the breasts of adolescent girls are symmetrical, etc. Let the child cooperate to complete a small experiment. Let the child stand naturally, with the toes pointing forward, both upper limbs hanging naturally in front of the body, and the trunk bent forward to 90°. Observe whether the two sides of the child\’s back spine are level and equal. Whether it is a self-test of posture or a small experiment, if there is asymmetry on both sides, it indicates that there may be scoliosis, the right shoulder is higher than the left shoulder, the right scapula protrudes, the back is 35° on the right, the razor back deformity, the spine is curved in an \”S\” shape and deviates from the midline. , The body is tilted to the right, the waist is asymmetrical on both sides, and the skin folds on the right side (concave side) are obvious. What should you do when you find that your child has scoliosis? The doctor said that the degree of scoliosis should be considered. If the degree is relatively small, below 20°, it is recommended that these children be observed regularly and undergo some rehabilitation training. For children whose degrees are in the range of 25° to 45° and who are in the growth stage, it is recommended to receive scoliosis correction brace treatment. If the degree of scoliosis is greater than 45°, the appearance of the deformity is obvious, the body may be unbalanced, and there may beThere is a tendency for continued aggravation, and surgical treatment is recommended in this case. ——Xiao Bin, deputy chief physician of spinal surgery at Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, here’s how parents can help their children prevent scoliosis ▼▼ 1. Maintain correct posture every day It is very important to urge teenagers to develop good posture and form habits. Parents and teachers can do this at home and Schools should correct children\’s bad posture habits, paying attention to their sitting, standing, sleeping and walking postures. When sleeping, the bed should not be too soft and the pillow should not be too high, as this can easily cause changes in the shape of the spine. It is recommended to sleep on a hard bed. 2. Develop good living habits. Teenagers should not carry a heavy backpack. There should be a wider backpack strap to disperse the gravity. Try to use a backpack as a backpack to avoid carrying too much weight on one shoulder. Don\’t cross your legs. 3. Carry out physical exercise scientifically. While correcting your posture, you should actively participate in exercise. Exercise is a very important way to prevent scoliosis. Exercise more on the nape and lumbar back muscles to help correct scoliosis and reduce the incidence of neck pain and low back pain. During the activity, strive to fully exercise all joints and muscles of the body, which will help reshape the body\’s balance. At the same time, pay attention to a reasonable diet and nutritional mix, and strengthen calcium supplementation. I hope all parents will pay attention to scoliosis, a \”hidden killer\” that harms the growth of teenagers. If you find a problem with your child\’s spine, you should seek medical attention immediately.

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