Pregnancy Symptoms: Diet and Nutrition for Pregnant Mothers in Week 15

Pregnant mothers need to take in an appropriate amount of vitamin A, also known as retinol, which is a fat-soluble vitamin that is necessary for the human body but cannot be synthesized by itself. It is a necessary substance for maintaining healthy skin, vision, cell growth and regeneration. Lack of vitamin A in pregnant mothers can affect fetal growth and development and cause fetal physiological defects. Pregnant mothers need about 8,000 units of vitamin A every day during pregnancy. Generally, a normal diet contains enough meat, eggs and fresh vegetables to meet the vitamin A needs of pregnant mothers. There is no need to take additional cod liver oil pills. If the pregnant mother has severe early pregnancy reaction, poor appetite or insufficient dietary regulation, appropriate supplements can be taken. Vitamin A has an accumulation effect in the body. Excessive supplementation will not only cause poisoning symptoms in the pregnant mother, but also endanger the fetus, causing congenital defects in the brain, heart, kidneys and other organs. Pregnant mothers cannot be deficient in vitamin A, but they are also afraid of supplementing or taking too much. Medical experts suggest that in addition to following doctor’s advice to supplement vitamin A, a safer approach is to consume beta-carotene or carotenoids (provitamin A) from plant foods. Such as eating carrots, corn, sweet potatoes, soybeans, pumpkins, cantaloupes, spinach, rape, apricots, persimmons, etc. Pregnant mothers should consume appropriate amounts of vitamin D and vitamin E. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that can affect the absorption of calcium, which is an important substance that promotes bone development and blood coagulation. Lack of vitamin D can cause osteomalacia and pelvic deformity in pregnant mothers. It can also significantly affect the tooth eruption and bone calcification of the fetus. In severe cases, congenital rickets can occur. It is good for the health of pregnant mothers to take in an appropriate amount of vitamin D. Appropriate supplementation of some vitamin D when supplementing calcium can help the absorption of calcium. Vitamin E, also known as tocopherol, is widely found in green plants and contains only trace amounts in animals. Vitamin E helps keep the immune system healthy. It can promote human metabolism, enhance body endurance, maintain normal circulatory function, and maintain the normal functions of bones, cardiac muscle, smooth muscle and cardiovascular system. In addition, vitamin E is related to maintaining normal fertility, preventing miscarriage and premature birth, and promoting fetal growth and development. Vitamin E deficiency in pregnant mothers can cause muscle atrophy, abnormal fetal development and other adverse consequences. Pregnant mothers should consume an appropriate amount of vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme necessary for central nervous system activity, hemoglobin synthesis, and glycogen metabolism. It is directly related to protein and fat metabolism. If the human body lacks vitamin B6, seborrheic dermatitis, glossitis, nervous system dysfunction, etc. will occur. During pregnancy, due to the increase in estrogen, tryptophan metabolism increases during pregnancy, and the demand for vitamin B6 also increases. In addition, blood is diluted during pregnancy, and the level of vitamin B6 in the pregnant mother\’s body decreases. Therefore, appropriate vitamin B6 supplementation is very necessary.

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