Principal of the Primary School Affiliated to Tsinghua University: What kind of children are potential poor students?

“Children who don’t read basically have the potential to be ‘poor students’.” said Dou Guimei, principal of Tsinghua University Affiliated Primary School. This is not an exaggeration. After the new education reform, reading comprehension is a key factor for success in the college entrance examination. Elementary school students read the recommended works of children\’s literature writer Lin Yutang after extracurricular reading. All 30 PDF volumes are recommended for the college entrance examination Chinese language study. More emphasis will be placed on reading speed and reading volume. The number of words on the paper has also increased from 7,000 to nearly 10,000 words, and other subjects will also increase the number of words. Wen Rumin, chief editor of national Chinese language textbooks, proposed that “15% of students in the college entrance examination will not be able to finish the test paper.” This means that those children who don’t like to read and have poor reading ability may not even be able to finish reading the questions in future exams, let alone get high scores in Chinese! Therefore, \”reading a lot\” is already a very urgent learning need for children! From now on, it is necessary to cultivate children\’s reading habits. This is also the most cost-effective educational investment for parents. Reading comprehension ability is not something that happens overnight, it relies on gradual progress and accumulation over time. Children of different ages will develop different reading abilities and reading habits. How can we guide children of different ages to develop an interest in reading, form reading habits, and develop the ability to read independently? Children 6 months to 2 years old When the child is 6 months old and can almost sit on the parent\’s lap, he can start reading. Suggestions: 1. Allow children to tear and bite books. This is the beginning of their understanding of books. 2. Buy books made of stronger materials such as cloth or cardboard books, such as the \”Dongdong Book\” series. 3. Books are made of bright colors and One thing per page, transitioning to a simple storyline and clear pictures 4. Talk to the children more and teach them new vocabulary. For example, when the children can say \”rabbit\”, parents can add \”white rabbit\” 5. Download for fun Simple audio books, play them to your children 6. Read bedtime stories to your children. When your children keep asking for a story to be told repeatedly, please satisfy your children’s psychology and read with them before bed. You can continue reading as long as your children are willing. Research shows that the length of time a child listens to his parents telling stories has a great relationship with his reading level a few years later. Children aged 3 to 6 years old. Children at this age have great progress in hand-eye coordination and small muscle coordination. Their language development is also very rapid. They believe in animism and believe that everything is alive. Recommendation: Collect Children\’s Storytelling Online Reading Series 1-6, all 60 volumes pdf + epub 1. Various toy books such as \”Little Bo Series Flip Books\”, \”Finding Friends\” series of magical three-dimensional books, \”Crackling\” series of books 2. Life stories about gaining love and affection, such as \”The Runaway Rabbit\”, \”The Very Hungry Snake\”, \”The Little Bear Doesn\’t Brush His Teeth\”, \”Little House\”, \”Grandpa Must Have a Solution\”, etc. 3. Books that reflect emotions and have positive characters \”My Love is as Big as the World\”, \”Little Black Fish\”, \”Gentleman\’s Umbrella\”, \”Little Philosopher Series\”, etc. 4. Use your fingers to attract children\’s attention when their attention is distracted. Power 5. Tell children emotional stories, encourage children to use the pictures in the book to make up stories, and let the children use their imagination. 6. Pay attention to the spelling of letters, help children learn new words, and expand their literacy.Quantity 7. Take your children to visit the library more often. 8. Decorate a reading corner at home. At this time, focus on cultivating children\’s love for books rather than focusing on the quantity of reading. Once a child loves reading, the amount of reading will naturally follow. Children aged 7 to 9 are already growing young readers, and their language expression and understanding abilities have reached a new level. Suggestions: 1. Stock up on books, allowing children to actively choose the books they want to read, with parents assisting them. 2. Parents demonstrate reading aloud, setting a good example for their children. 3. Situational acting, working with children to act out or assign roles according to the storyline. 4. Talk to your children about books and encourage them to \”talk and listen\” after reading, but do not force them. 5. Encourage your children to join some book clubs and grow up together with their peers. 6. Let your children tidy up their study bookshelves from time to time to strengthen their understanding of books. 7. Use your free time to take your children to the library to read and feel the strong reading atmosphere. 8. Remind children to pay attention to eye hygiene and protect eye health. Children usually form their own reading habits at this stage. Therefore, parents can let their children make their own arrangements to make them feel in control and satisfied. Children over the age of 10 develop rapidly physically, their reading ability increases rapidly, and they have the ability to read independently. Girls generally develop earlier than boys. Suggestions: 1. Guide children to read more classics, such as the Four Great Classics, \”Five Thousand Years of the World\”, etc. 2. Allow children to read \”idle books\”, focusing on enjoyment rather than utilitarianism 3. Allow children to use mobile phones to read e-books, and just pay attention to the balance between work and rest 4. Do not easily disturb children’s reading time 5. Guide children to use annotated reading methods, that is, use simple language or symbols to make comments and inspire thinking 6. Encourage children to make some interesting excerpts 7. Set reading goals for you and your child. You check your child\’s reading goals, and your child checks your reading goals. 8. Get a library card for your child and give your child the right to borrow books by himself. 9. Establish a \”book subsidy\”, open a reading account for children, and deposit the reward pocket money every month so that children can buy books. Adolescents have heavy learning tasks and their time for extracurricular reading will be greatly compressed, so it is more important for them to persist in reading. important. Reading will not have obvious or direct effects in the short term, but if the child has good reading habits since childhood, it will probably show up in middle and high school. At this time, the child\’s good reading and comprehension skills will produce positive feedback on the child\’s performance. In the long run, the books the child has read will be hidden in the child\’s temperament. The most important thing in reading is persistence and not being impatient or impetuous. The more you read, the more beautiful flowers will bloom one day. Read the full text of Zeng Guofan\’s family motto in out-of-print collection in PDF

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