As the seasons change, the baby\’s body also undergoes some reactions. Autumn and winter are the most frequent periods for respiratory infections in babies, and the incidence rates of bronchitis and pneumonia remain high. According to statistics from the World Health Organization, approximately 700,000 to 1 million children under the age of 5 die from diseases caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae every year, accounting for approximately 16% of the total deaths of children under the age of 5; globally, approximately every 15 seconds Pneumonia claims the life of a child; in 2016, pneumonia killed an estimated 920,000 children under the age of 5, 98% of whom were from developing countries. It is not an exaggeration to call pneumonia the “number one killer” of children’s health. So how can we prevent and treat pneumonia? Misunderstood pneumonia. We always hear parents whose babies have pneumonia say, \”It\’s all my fault. My baby didn\’t take his cough seriously and didn\’t take medicine to get pneumonia.\” Are you suffering from pneumonia?\” Many people believe that if a baby\’s cold and cough are not treated in time, it will lead to pneumonia. However, coughing is a normal reaction when respiratory tract infection or irritation occurs, and it is the body\’s protective mechanism. Infants and children should help their children cough up phlegm instead of using cough suppressants easily. Pneumonia is the combined result of highly toxic pathogens + poor immunity of the baby. Most colds clear up on their own without causing anything worse. Colds generally do not turn into pneumonia. Pneumonia is a serious respiratory infection, a very rare event, and the systemic symptoms of pneumonia are severe. Cough is only one symptom of pneumonia. It is neither pneumonia caused by cough nor pneumonia caused by fever. When a baby has a cold and cough, even if the parents give the baby medicine, it will only relieve the symptoms. For example, common phlegm-reducing, antitussive and other medicines cannot inhibit the virus. Moreover, coughing is a natural mechanism of the baby\’s body to clear mucus from the lower respiratory tract, which is beneficial to the disease. Generally, there is no need to deliberately suppress it. By the way, a cough is just like a sneeze, you can\’t hide it even if you want to! Nagging Tips: The general term for acute inflammation of the nasal cavity, pharynx or larynx is called upper respiratory tract infection; acute trachea/bronchitis, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchiectasis, etc. is called lower respiratory tract infection. There is no way to judge from the symptoms of pneumonia what the final outcome will be when the baby\’s immunity competes with the infected virus. Therefore, it is impossible to predict the progression of the disease, but the baby\’s signs can be observed based on the common symptoms of pneumonia. Pneumonia can cause difficulty breathing, so parents should be aware of some typical symptoms: • Cough. • Shortness of breath and labored breathing. • Nose flaps (opens). • Chest pain, especially when coughing or taking deep breaths. • Stridor, whistling sound when breathing. • Bluish lips and nail beds. Some babies who are younger than 1 month old have atypical early symptoms of pneumonia. Parents should pay attention to observation and seek medical attention as soon as possible if they have suspected symptoms. When parents take their babies to the hospital to check whether they have pneumonia, if the physical examination reveals that pneumonia is likely, doctors will now generally recommend taking a chest X-ray to confirm the severity of the pneumonia infection. Correct interpretation of pneumonia. Viruses that can cause pneumonia include respiratory tract syndrome.Cytovirus, metapneumovirus, influenza virus, parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, etc. When one of these viruses invades the chest, it can cause pneumonia. Pneumonia may also be caused by a bacterial infection, and some bacteria may be spread through coughing or direct contact with the saliva or mucus of a person infected with pneumonia. Other pathogens such as mycoplasma and chlamydia may also cause pneumonia. In addition, viral infection may weaken the baby\’s immune system function. At this time, bacteria can take advantage of the weakness and grow in the baby\’s lungs, causing a secondary infection on the basis of the primary infection. The reason why most types of pneumonia are most common in autumn, winter and early spring is because pneumonia is related to viral or bacterial infections transmitted from person to person. During this period, most babies like indoor activities, so they will be exposed to more viruses. people, increasing the chance of infection. To refresh everyone’s traditional understanding of pneumonia, the probability of a baby suffering from pneumonia has little to do with the thickness of the clothes he or she wears or changes in temperature! So, for those who say, \”It\’s all your fault that your baby got pneumonia because you didn\’t wear thick clothes!\” Please read the article carefully. Wearing thin clothes can\’t bear the blame for pneumonia. As we mentioned before in the treatment of pneumonia, the main pathogens include bacteria, viruses, mycoplasma, chlamydia, etc. Pneumonia may be caused by one of them, or it may be caused by multiple causes. ah! My steel baby, your father, mother, and uncle Daudao love you very much. You must work hard to fight against pneumonia! But many times, it is difficult to determine whether pneumonia is caused by a virus or bacteria. If the doctor determines that the baby is likely to be caused by a bacterial infection, he may prescribe some antibiotics to the baby. At this time, parents need to take the medicine as directed by the doctor. , don’t stop taking the medicine casually. Sometimes the baby will get better after taking the medicine for a few days, but some bacteria will still remain in the body, so once the parents stop the medicine at will, it is likely to cause the disease to recur. When parents suspect that their baby has pneumonia, they should go to the hospital for examination as soon as possible. If your baby has the following symptoms, it means the infection is serious and you should seek medical attention in time for review. ▶ Although antibiotics have been used, the baby still has fever that does not go away for several days. ▶ The baby has difficulty breathing, rapid and laborious. ▶ Signs of infection in other parts of the body, such as joint redness, swelling, bone pain, neck stiffness, vomiting, or other new symptoms. Issues related to pneumonia (1) Prevention of pneumonia In daily life, take your baby away from sick people, and family members should wash their hands frequently. When the air quality is good, open more windows indoors for ventilation, and vaccinate your baby on time. (2) Pneumonia 13-valent conjugate vaccine should be vaccinated starting from the age of 2 months, with a maximum of 4 doses and a minimum of 1 dose; it can only prevent pneumococcal infection, but not all pneumonia (can prevent 30% of pneumonia); currently there are only limited vaccination procedures in mainland China ( 4 doses are required, those over 5 months old will not receive it). (3) Do all baby crabs have pneumonia? ① Pop bubbles and play. Everything around us is new and curious to babies, and spitting bubbles is no exception. It is really interesting how the saliva in the mouth turns into bubbles, and the baby never tires of playing it. ② Some newborn babies with developmental malformations of the digestive tract spit bubbles and appearChoking on milk, having difficulty breathing, and turning blue on the face are likely to be congenital esophageal atresia. At this time, you must notify the doctor in time for further examination and treatment. ③ One of the symptoms of pneumonia: When a baby suffers from pneumonia, due to poor cough reflex, secretions from the lungs cannot be discharged, and white foam will appear. But this is only one of the symptoms of pneumonia. Parents cannot judge that their baby has pneumonia through this one. They also need to observe whether other symptoms of pneumonia appear in their baby.