• Sun. Dec 3rd, 2023

There are 115 idioms and allusions in \”The Analects of Confucius\”. Do you know them all?

\”The Analects of Confucius\” is an immortal work that has influenced Chinese civilization for two thousand years. Many of the aphorisms in the book have been widely circulated; and did you know that there are as many as 115 idioms from the Analects of Confucius! A1. Sad but not sad [Explanation]: sad: sad; sad: hurt. Sad but not sad, it describes emotions that are restrained; it also describes poetry and music that are graceful and elegant, and emotions that are moderate. It is a metaphor that nothing is too much or too little. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Bayi\”: \”The Master said: \’Guanyong\’ is happy but not obscene, sad but not sad.\’\” B2. Eat well all day long and have no intention [Explanation]: All day long, All day long. Eat all day long and not care about anything. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yang Huo\”: \”How difficult it is to be full all day long and have nothing to do!\” 3. Beichen Xinggong [Explanation]: Beichen: the North Star; Gong: surround. The North Star hangs high and motionless, surrounded by stars on all sides. In the old days, it was a metaphor for governing the country and practicing virtuous governance, and the world would follow. Later, it is also used as a metaphor for a person who is supported by everyone. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”For example, Beichen lives in his place and all the stars share it.\” 4. Comparison but not Zhou [Explanation]: Joining a gang but not uniting. Forming parties for personal gain. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”Confucius said: A gentleman is careful and does not compare, and a villain is not careful when comparing himself.\” 5. Hold your breath and concentrate [Explanation]: Hold your breath: suppress breathing; concentrate: concentrate. Describes a high concentration of attention and being consistent against one\’s will. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xiangdang\”: \”Those who take pictures of people rising to the hall, bow as if they are bowing, and hold their breath as if they are not resting.\” 6. Bodhisattva to the public [Explanation]: Bo means extensive; Ji means relief. Give favor and assistance to the people. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”What if you can help the people by giving generously to the people?\” 7. Bowen Yueli [Explanation]: Bo: Jinwo, Guang; Yue: restraint. Study extensively and abide by etiquette. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”A gentleman is knowledgeable in literature, and if he makes an appointment with etiquette, he can stay with his husband!\” 8. Not ashamed to ask [Explanation]: Be willing to learn from people whose knowledge or status is lower than yourself, and not Feel embarrassed. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius Gongye Chang\”: \”Smart and eager to learn, not ashamed to ask questions.\” 9. Not allowed to die [Explanation]: Refers to people not allowed to die well. It also means a curse on the wicked. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”If you leave it alone, you will not die.\” 10. Don\’t give up day and night [Explanation]: Give up: give up. Don’t give up day and night. Metaphor day and night. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”Zihan said on the river: \’The deceased is like a man, and he does not give up day and night.\” 11. Overjoyed [Explanation]: Used to mean extremely, extremely, and vividly. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xueer\”: \”Isn\’t it a pleasure to have friends come from afar?\” 12. If you are not in your position, you will not pursue your own affairs. [Explanation]: If you do not hold this position, you will not inquire within the scope of this position. things. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius Taibo\”: \”The Master said: If you are not in your position, you will not seek political power.\” C13. Observe words and colors [Explanation]: Observe: examine in detail. Observe what other people say or look on their faces. It refers to trying to figure out other people\’s thoughts. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”A man who is upright is upright and loves righteousness. He observes words and colors, and considers the following people.\” 14. Chengren\’s righteousness [Explanation]: Chengren: Kill one\’s body to achieve benevolence; takeRighteousness: To lay down one\’s life in order to achieve justice. Lose your life for justice. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”A man with lofty ideals and a benevolent person does not seek life to harm others, but kills himself to achieve benevolence.\” 15. The beauty of adulthood [Explanation]: Cheng: achievement. Fulfill other people\’s good deeds. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”The beauty of a gentleman is not the evil of a man. The villain is.\” 16. Follow one\’s heart [Explanation]: Do whatever you want according to your own will. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”At sixty, the ears are attuned; at seventy, one can follow the heart\’s desires without exceeding the rules.\” D17. Fighting in a big way [Explanation]: Fighting: two weapons in ancient times. Conduct war on a large scale. A metaphor for acting with great fanfare. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Ji Shi\”: \”The state is falling apart and unable to maintain its business; so it plans to fight within the state.\” 18. Sell for a price [Explanation]: Buy: sell. Wait for a good price before selling. It is a metaphor that anyone who gives good treatment will work for him. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”It\’s so good! It\’s so good! I treat Jia Zhi.\” 19. A basket of food and a scoop of drink. [Explanation]: A basket of food and a scoop of drink. Describes the noble life of scholars who are content with poverty. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”A basket of food and a ladle of drink, in a back alley, people can\’t bear the worries, and they won\’t change their happiness when they return.\” 20. Do your duty without giving in. [Explanation]: It originally means taking benevolence as your duty and doing nothing. Be humble. Hind refers to taking the initiative to do what should be done when encountering it, without giving in. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius, Lord Wei Linggong\”: \”The Master said: \’Do your duty, and do not yield to the master.\’\” 21. People who follow different paths cannot conspire with each other. [Explanation]: People who take different paths cannot be together. Plan together. It means that people with different opinions or interests cannot work together. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”The Tao is different and they do not conspire with each other.\” 22. Tao and hearsay [Explanation]: Tao, Tu: Road. Words heard on the road and spread on the road. Generally refers to unfounded rumors. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yang Huo\”: \”Hearing the Tao and speaking in vain means abandoning virtue.\” E23. Bad clothes and bad food [Explanation]: Evil: coarse. Refers to poor clothing and food. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Li Ren\”: \”A scholar who aspires to the Tao, but is ashamed of those who wear bad clothes and eat bad food, is not worthy of discussion.\” 24. The Year of Listening to the ears [Explanation]: You can judge by listening to other people\’s words at the age of sixty True or false. Refers to the generation of 60 years old. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”When I was fifteen, I was determined to learn; when I was thirty, I stood up; when I was forty, I was not confused; when I was fifty, I knew the destiny; when I was sixty, my ears were obedient; when I was seventy, I followed my heart\’s desires.\” F25. Be angry. Forgetting to eat [Explanation]: Studying or working so hard that you even forget to eat. Described as very diligent. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”When you are angry, you forget to eat, and when you are happy you forget your worries. You don\’t know that old age is coming.\” 26. Commitment to cause chaos [Explanation]: Commitment: commit a crime. Feudal rulers refer to people\’s resistance and uprising. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xueer\”: \”Those who are not fond of committing crimes but are fond of making trouble are rare.\” 27. Fat horse and light fur [Explanation]: Fur: fur coat. Ride a fat horse and wear light and warm leather clothes. Describe generously. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yongye\”: \”Red is suitable for riding on fat horses and wearing light fur.\” ​​28. Fei Ran Cheng Zhang [Explanation]: Fei, Zhang: literary talent. Describe the article as rich in literary talent,Well worth watching. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Gongye Chang\”: \”The crazy slips of our party\’s boys are so impressive that I don\’t know why they were recorded.\” 29. Fall apart [Explanation]: Beng: collapse; Analyze: separate. Collapse and disintegrate, fall apart. Describes the disintegration of a country or group. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Ji Shi\”: \”People from afar are dissatisfied and cannot come; the state is falling apart and cannot be defended.\” 30. The state of the parents [Explanation]: refers to the motherland. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Wei Zi\”: \”If you serve people in vain, why go to the country of your parents.\” G31. Fortitude and dullness [Explanation]: Gang: strong; Yi: decisive; Wood: simple; Na: slow to speak, This means being careful with your words. Confucius praised four qualities of people. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zilu\”: \”Confucius said: \’Hardness, perseverance, wood, slowness, close to benevolence.\’\” 32. Why use an ox\’s knife to cut a chicken? [Explanation]: Why use an ox\’s knife to kill a chicken? It\’s a metaphor that you don\’t need to spend a lot of effort to do small things. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yang Huo\”: \”In Wucheng, I heard the sound of string singing. The Master smiled and said: \’How can I cut a chicken with a bull\’s knife?\’\” 33. Everyone does not conspire [Explanation]: Conspiracy : Discuss, plan. Everyone does things according to their own wishes without consulting each other. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Duke Linggong of Wei\”: \”The Master said: \’There are different ways, and there is no mutual conspiracy.\’\” 34. Be respectful and polite [Explanation]: Gong: respectful; Li: etiquette. Be respectful and courteous. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”A gentleman is respectful and courteous to others.\” 35. If a worker wants to do his job well, he must first sharpen his tools. [Explanation]: Utensil: Tool. To do a good job, you first need to sharpen your tools. It means that to do something well, preparation is very important. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Wei Linggong\”: \”If a worker wants to do his job well, he must first sharpen his tools. If you live in this country, serve the wise men of its officials and make friends with the benevolent scholars.\” 36. Attacking Heretics [Explanation] : Refers to the study and implementation of ideas other than Confucianism, and also refers to the denunciation of heresy. [Source] \”The Analects of Confucius: Wei Zheng\”: \”The Master said: \’If you attack heretics, you will do harm.\’\” 37. Exceeding is still unsatisfactory [Explanation]: Guo means too much; You means like; Not as good as: falling short. Overdoing something is just as inappropriate as underdoing it. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”Zigong asked: \’Which one is wiser, Master or Shang?\’ The Master said: \’The Master is better than the Shang, but the Shang is not as good.\’ He said: \’Then the Master is better?\’ The Master said: \’ Too much is not enough.\’\” 38. Weird power and chaos [Explanation]: refers to things about weirdness, bravery, rebellion, ghosts and gods. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shu\’er\”: \”The Master does not talk about strangeness, power, chaos, and gods.\” H39. Later generations can be feared [Explanation]: Later generations: young people, younger generations; fear: awe. Young people are awesome. Describes that young people can surpass their predecessors. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”The future generations are to be feared. How could one know that those who come will not be here now.\” 40. Worry about gain and loss [Explanation]: worry: worry, worry. Worry about not getting it, worry about losing it when you get it. Describes a person who attaches great importance to personal gains and losses. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yang Huo\”: \”If you don\’t get it, you worry about getting it; if you get it, you worry about losing it. If you worry about losing it, you can do anything!\” 41. Be tireless in teaching people [Explanation]: Teaching: teaching. He teaches people to be extremely patient and never gets tired. 【From】:\”The Analects of Confucius·Shu Er\”: \”Being tireless in learning and tireless in teaching others, what does that matter to me?\” 42. Benefit without expense [Explanation]: Benefit: benefit to others; fee: expense. Benefit others and lose nothing to yourself. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yao\”: \”If you benefit the people because they benefit them, why don\’t you also benefit them without any trouble?\” J43. Act bravely when seeing justice [Explanation]: When you see a just thing, do it bravely. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”Not doing what is right is not courageous.\” 44. Don\’t do to others what you don\’t want others to do to you [Explanation]: Desire: hope; Do not: do not want; Shi: impose. Don\’t impose on others what you don\’t want to do. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”Don\’t do to others what you don\’t want others to do to you. No resentment in the state, no resentment at home.\” 45. Don\’t blame bygones [Explanation]: blame: blame. It originally refers to something that has already been done or done, so there is no need to blame it anymore. Now means no longer blaming for past mistakes. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Eight Hundreds\”: \”Don\’t talk about things when they are done, don\’t admonish each thing one by one, and let the past go.\” 46. Think of Qi when you see the virtuous [Explanation]: Xian: a person with both ability and political integrity; Qi: equal. When I see a person with both ability and political integrity, I want to catch up with him. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Li Ren\”: \”When you see the virtuous, you think about it; when you see the virtuous, you introspect yourself.\” 47. Perfection [Explanation]: Extremely perfect, extremely beautiful. It means perfect without any flaws. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Bayi\”: \”Zi said of \”Shao\”: \’It is perfectly beautiful, but it is also perfect.\’ He said of \”Wu\”: \’It is perfectly beautiful, but it is not perfect.\’\” 48. Keep a respectful distance [Explanation] : Showing respect on the surface, but actually unwilling to approach. Also used as a sarcastic remark to express reluctance to approach someone. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”The purpose of serving the people is to respect ghosts and gods and keep them at a distance.\” 49. Draw inferences from one instance [Explanation]: Reverse: Analogy. A metaphor for knowing many other things by analogy from one thing. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”If you take one word and do not repeat it with three words, it will not be repeated.\” K50. Kankan訚訚 (yín) [Explanation]: Describes a pleasant and leisurely conversation. [From]: The words come from \”The Analects of Confucius·Xiangdang\”: \”In the court, when talking to the officials below, it is like talking; when talking to the officials above, it is like talking.\” 51. Kong Kong Ru Ye [Explanation]: Kong Kong: sincerity, humility. Originally described as sincere and open-minded. Now it is described as having nothing. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”A humble man asked me, but it was empty, so I knocked on both ends and exhausted it.\” L52. Li Qu Ci Qian [Explanation]: Qu: short, loss; Qiu: exhausted. I have nothing to say because I am wrong. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”This is the evil husband and the sycophant.\” Annotated by Zhu Xi of the Song Dynasty: \”Zilu\’s words are not his original intention, but the rationale is poor and the words are poor, and he uses his mouth to argue in order to control people\’s ears.\” 53. Leshan Leshan. Water [Explanation]: Le: love, hobby. Some people like mountains, some people like water. It means that everyone has different hobbies. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”The wise are happy in the mountains, and the benevolent are happy in the water.\” 54. Be happy to forget your sorrows [Explanation]: You forget your sorrows because of happiness. Describes very happy. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”When you are angry, you forget to eat, and when you are happy, you forget your worries.\” 55. Enjoy it [Explanation]: Like to do something and have fun in it. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”RiceEat and drink sparingly, bend your arms and rest on your head, and enjoy yourself there. \”56. Good teacher and friend [Explanation]: Good, good; beneficial, helpful. A good teacher and good friend who can teach and help people. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shu\’er\”: \”When three people walk together, they must have my teacher. Choose the good ones and follow them, and change the bad ones. \”The Analects of Confucius·Ji Shi\”: \”Three friends will benefit you, and three friends will harm you.\” Friends who are straightforward, forgiving, and knowledgeable are beneficial; friends who are open-minded, friendly, and gentle, and friends who are sycophantic are detrimental. \”M57, Miao but not beautiful [Explanation]: Miao: refers to crops sprouting; Xiu: crops sprout ears and bloom. Refers to crops sprouting but not heading. It is a metaphor for people who have good qualifications but have no achievements. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius\” \”Zihan\”: \”Those who are young but not beautiful have a husband!\” There is a husband who is showy but not real! \”58. Sensitive and eager to learn [Explanation]: Min: smart; Hao: fond of. Talented, smart and eager to learn. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius Gongye Chang\”: \”Confucius said: \’Smart and eager to learn, not ashamed to ask questions, this is why it is said The text is also. \’\” 59. Be sensitive to things and cautious in speaking. [Explanation]: Min means to work hard, Shen means to be careful. Work diligently and speak cautiously. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xueer\”: \”A gentleman has nothing to eat and a place to live. Seek peace, be sensitive to things and cautious in words. \”60. Beat the drum and attack [Explanation]: It is a metaphor for announcing a crime, condemning or denouncement. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”I am not a disciple, but I can beat the drum and attack.\” \”61. Mingzhengyanshun [Explanation]: Ming: name, name; Shun: reasonable, smooth. The original meaning is that the name is just and the words are reasonable. Later, it mostly means that the name of doing something is just and the reason is reasonable. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius\” \”Zi Lu\” \”If the name is incorrect, the words will not go smoothly, and if the words are not smooth, things will be unfavorable. \” N62. Introspection without guilt [Explanation]: Refers to self-reflection without feeling ashamed or uneasy, that is, not doing anything that makes one feel guilty. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”Introspection without guilt, why? Why worry? \” 63. Being able to draw analogies from nearby people [Explanation]: Being able to draw analogies about oneself. Using metaphors to refer to oneself and others, and to consider others. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”Being able to draw analogies from nearby people can be said to be the way of benevolence. \”64. Being in the prime of life [Explanation]: Being rich in years means many years in the future. Describing young age and high energy. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”The next generation is to be feared.\” Note by Zhu Xi of the Song Dynasty: \”Confucius said that the next generation is in the prime of life and is strong enough. The potential to accumulate knowledge and wait for it is formidable. P65. An ordinary person cannot seize his ambition [Explanation]: It is a metaphor that even an ordinary person cannot change his ambition at will. It also means that the will is firm and unshakable. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius\”: Confucius said: \”Three armies can seize the commander, but an ordinary man cannot seize the will.\” 66. Left-folded hair (rèn) [Explanation]: Left-fold: The skirt of the clothes is covered to the left. The hair is disheveled and the clothes are left open, mainly referring to the invasion of foreign races. [Source]: Pre-Qin Dynasty Confucius\’ \”The Analects of Confucius Xian Wen\”: \”Miguan Zhong, I was sent to the left side.\” Q67, light fur and fat horse [Explanation]: wearing a light and warm fur coat, riding a fat horse . Describes a luxurious life. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”The red color makes Qiye, ride on a fat horse, and wear light fur.\” ​​R68. If a person has no long-term worries, he must have immediate worries. [Explanation]: worry: consideration; worry: sorrow. If people don’t take long-term considerations, things will definitely happen.The immediate worries. It means that you should have a long-term vision and careful consideration when looking at things and doing things. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius, Lord Wei Linggong\”: \”Confucius said: \’If a person has no long-term worries, he must have immediate worries.\’\” 69. The task is heavy and the road is long, and death is the end. [Explanation]: Ren: burden; Dao: road. stopped. The burden is heavy, the road is long, the responsibility is great, and after a long struggle, we will not give up until we die. Describes a lifelong struggle to fulfill a responsibility. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Taibo\”: \”A scholar cannot be without great perseverance. The responsibilities are heavy and the road is long. Isn\’t it important to be benevolent that one has one\’s own responsibilities? Isn\’t it too important to die and die?\” S70, Sanfu Siyan [ Explanation: Sanfu: repeated many times; Siyan: this sentence. Read this sentence over and over again and experience it. Describing it as attaching great importance to it. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”Nan Rong Sanfu \”Bai Gui\”.\” Zhu Xi\’s note: \”The chapter of \”The Book of Songs·Daya·Yi\” says: \’The tarnish of Bai Gui can still be polished off; this is the tarnish of Bai Gui\’. , you can’t do it.’ Nan Rong repeated this statement three times a day.” 71. Standing at thirty [Explanation]: Refers to a person achieving something around the age of thirty. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: \”I am determined to learn when I am fifteen, and I will stand up at thirty.\” 72. I don\’t know the taste of meat in three months [Explanation]: I don\’t feel the taste of meat within three months. It means focusing on one thing and forgetting other things. It is also used to describe not eating meat for several months. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”Zi Zai heard \”Shao\” in Qi, and he didn\’t know the taste of meat in three months.\” 73. Kill yourself to become benevolent [Explanation]: Cheng: perfection; benevolence: benevolence, the highest standard of Confucian morality. Refers to sacrificing one\’s life for justice. Later, it generally refers to giving up one\’s life in order to safeguard a just cause. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Wei Linggong\”: \”A man with lofty ideals and benevolence does not seek life to harm his benevolence, but kills himself to achieve benevolence.\” 74. Color: sharp color and inner yin [Explanation]: color: look, appearance; li: ferocious; yin: weak. Tough on the outside but weak on the inside. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yang Huo\”: \”Severe appearance but soft inside, just like the villains, they are also like thieves.\” 75. Good at Jia and sell [Explanation]: Jia: Tong \”price\”. Shan Jia: Good price; Gu: Sell. Wait for a good price to sell. It is a metaphor for not recognizing talents, waiting for someone who appreciates them before coming forward to work. It is also a metaphor for being willing to take up a position only when there is a good job. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”There are beautiful jade here, and you hide them in piles, and sell them for the price of good merchants?\” 76. Life and death, sorrow [Explanation]: Live and be respected, die To make people sad. Used to praise the revered deceased. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zizhang\”: \”It is glorious to live, and sad to die.\” 77. Life and death are destined, and wealth is in heaven. [Explanation]: In the old days, it meant that life and death and all other experiences of a person were determined by destiny. It is often used to mean that things have come to an end and cannot be undone by manpower. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius – Yan Yuan\”: \”Shang heard that life and death have destiny, wealth and honor are in heaven.\” 78. Shengtang and entering the room [Explanation]: In ancient palaces, the front was the hall and the back was the room. It is a metaphor for learning or skills from shallow to deep, step by step, and gradually reaching high achievements. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”The Master said: \’You have ascended to the hall, but have not yet entered the room.\’\” 79. At a loss [Explanation]: Measure: place. I don’t know where to put my hands and feet. Describes acting in a panic, or withoutLaw to deal with. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zilu\”: \”If the punishment is not met, the people will be at a loss.\” 80. Which is tolerable and which is intolerable? [Explanation]: Yes: this; which: that. If this is tolerable, what else is intolerable? It means it will never be tolerated. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Eight Yi\”: \”Confucius called the Ji family, and the Eight Yi danced in the court. This is tolerable, but which one is intolerable.\” 81. Food does not require satiety [Explanation]: Food does not require satiety. Refers to eating in moderation. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xueer\”: \”A gentleman has nothing to eat and nothing to live in.\” 82. The dead are like this [Explanation]: Used to describe the passage of time like running water, never to return. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”Zi Han said on the river: \’The deceased is like a man! He does not give up day and night.\’\” 83. Narrate without writing [Explanation]: Narrate: expound the previous theories; write: create. It refers to only narrating and elucidating the doctrines of predecessors, without creating one\’s own. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”Recounting without writing, trusting and loving the ancients.\” 84. Die and then have [Explanation]: have: stopped. Don\’t stop until you\’re dead. Describes a lifelong struggle to fulfill a responsibility. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Taibo\”: \”A scholar cannot be without great perseverance. The responsibilities are heavy and the road is long. Isn\’t it important to be benevolent when one takes one\’s responsibilities? Isn\’t it too far to die and die?\” 85. Si Bu Zhi Ton [Explanation] 】: Si: a cart pulled by four horses in ancient times; tongue: refers to words spoken. Even a four-horse chariot cannot catch up to him once he utters a word. It\’s a metaphor that once you say it, you can never take it back. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”The master said that a gentleman is a gentleman, and his tongue is not as good as his tongue.\” 86. We are all brothers in the four seas [Explanation]: The people of all countries in the world are like brothers. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”A gentleman is respectful and courteous, and he is respectful and courteous to others. Within the four seas, we are all brothers.\” 87. If the four bodies are not diligent, the five grains will not be separated. [Explanation]: Four bodies: refers to A person’s two hands and two feet; grains: usually refers to rice, millet, millet, wheat, and bean sprouts. It means that one cannot distinguish grains without participating in labor. Describes being separated from productive labor and lacking production knowledge. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Wei Zi\”: \”My father-in-law said: \’If the four bodies are not diligent and the five grains are not separated, who is the master?\’\” 88. Sweeping the floor politely [Explanation]: Siwen: refers to culture or literati; sweeping the floor: a metaphor for reputation, reputation, Complete loss of credit, status, etc. It means that culture or literati are not respected or literati are willing to degenerate. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”Heaven will mourn Siwen, and the deceased will not be able to compare with Siwen.\” Xu Ke of the Qing Dynasty, \”Qing Barnai Lei Chao·34\”: \”Inspection and inspection as governor, one step to reach the sky \”When the supervisor comes to the supervision, he sweeps the floor politely.\” W89. Review the old and learn the new [Explanation]: Wen: review; therefore: the old. Review old knowledge and gain new understanding and experience. It also means that recalling the past can better understand the present. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Weizheng\”: \”If you review the past and learn the new, you can become a teacher.\” Han Dynasty Ban Gu\’s \”Dongdu Fu\”: \”It is difficult to review the past and learn the new, but those who know virtue are rare.\” 90. Gentle and polite [Explanation ]: Wen: literary talent; quality: substance; Binbin: appropriate description. It originally described a person who was both elegant and simple, but later it was used to describe a person who is elegant and polite. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yongye\”: \”Quality is superior to literature, and then one is wild; if literature is superior to quality, one is history; if literature is superior to quality, then one is a gentleman.\”. \”91. Governing by doing nothing [Explanation]: Wuwei: doing nothing; governance: governing. The world is governed by doing nothing by oneself. Originally refers to when Shun was in power, he followed Yao\’s ideas without making any changes. Later, it generally refers to transforming the people with virtue. . [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”Those who rule by doing nothing are like Shun?\” \” also. \”93. Blood Qi Fang Gang [Explanation]: Blood Qi: energy; Fang: upright; Gang: strong. Describes young people with strong energy. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Ji Shi\”: \”It\’s extremely strong, and blood Qi Fang Gang, guard against it. Fighting. \”94. If you learn well and become an official, you will become an official. [Explanation]: Excellent: if you have some spare energy, and if you have some spare energy after studying, you will become an official. Later, it means you will be promoted to an official position if you have excellent academic performance. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zizhang\”: \” Zixia: \’If you are an official and you are good at it, you will learn; if you are good at learning, you will be an official. \’\” 95. Step by step [Explanation]: It refers to the gradual deepening or improvement of study and work according to certain steps. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xian Wen\”: \”Don\’t complain about heaven, don\’t blame others, learn from the bottom and reach the top, know yourself. Is this so heavenly? Zhu Xi\’s note: \”This is just self-reflection and self-cultivation, step by step.\” \”96. Follow-up and good at tempting [Explanation]: Follow-up: the appearance of order; Shan: good at; induce: to guide. Refers to being good at guiding others to learn. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”Master is good at inviting and following. . \” Y97. Be true to your words and be resolute in your deeds [Explanation]: Believe: Keep your word; Guo: Decisive and resolute. You must keep your word when you say it, and you must do what you do. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zilu\”: \”Words must be kept Believe, and your actions will bear fruit, you are just a villain. \” 98. What you say must have a hit point [Explanation]: Zhong: directly opposite. It means that you can get to the point as soon as you speak. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Advanced\”: \”Madam does not speak, but her words must have a hit point. \”99. Words fail to make sense [Explanation]: and: involve; righteousness: serious truth. Zhijing says some boring words, without a serious word. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”Living in groups all day long, words fail to make sense, and good deeds are small and wise. , how difficult it is! \” 100. Be true to your word [Explanation]: Be reliable and trustworthy in your words. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xueer\”: \”When making friends, you must be true to your word. \”101. Once a word is spoken, it is difficult to catch up with it. [Explanation]: Once a word is spoken, it is difficult to catch up even if it is hitched to a four-horse cart. When a word is spoken, it cannot be taken back. It must be counted. [Source] : \”The Analects of Confucius·Yan Yuan\”: \”The master said that a gentleman is not as good as his tongue. \”Deng Xizi Zhuanci\”: \”If you say something wrong, the horse will not be able to catch you; if you say something urgently, the horse will not be able to catch you.\” \” 102. To sum it up in one word [Explanation]: Cover: cover, extend to summarize. Use one sentence to summarize. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Weizheng\”: \”Three hundred \”Poems\” can be summed up in one word, Said: \’Thoughts are innocent. \’\” 103. Consistency [Explanation]: Guan: run through. Use a fundamental truth to connect the beginning and end of a thing or the whole truth. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Li Ren\”: \”Confucius said: \’Can! My way is consistent.\’ Zengzi said: \’Only. \’sonWhen he came out, the doorman asked, \”What is it?\” ’ Zengzi said: ‘The Master’s way is only loyalty and forgiveness. \’\” 104. Repaying evil with kindness [Explanation]: Virtue: favor. Resentment: hatred. Don\’t remember others\’ grudges, but give them benefits. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xianwen\”: \”Maybe it is said: \’How about repaying evil with kindness? ’ The Master said, ‘How can we repay virtue? Repay grievance with straightness and repay kindness with kindness. ’” 105. Repay grievances with straightness [Explanation]: Zhi means justice and integrity. Treat those you resent with justice. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xianwen\”: \”Repay grievances with straightness, repay kindness with kindness.\” \”106. Talking nonsense because of others [Explanation] Because that person is not good or has a low status, his correct words are also denied. [Source] \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”A gentleman does not use words to promote others, and does not use people to promote others. Nonsense. \” 107. Use the action and give up the possession [Explanation]: When you are appointed, you will come out to do things, and if you are not appointed, you will retire. This is the attitude of the early officials. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”Use it and do it, abandon it. Ze Zang, you and I are the only ones who have the right husband. \” 108. There is no distinction between education and classification [Explanation]: Class: Category. Anyone can receive education. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Linggong\”: \”Confucius said: \’There is no distinction between education and distinction. \’\” 109. Can\’t stop if you want to stop [Explanation]: Desire: thinking; stop: stop, rest. Even if you want to stop, you can\’t stop. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Zihan\”: \”Master is good at tempting people, convincing me with literature, and making appointments with me with courtesy. , can\’t stop. \”110. Stupid beyond comparison [Explanation]: Stupid: stupid, stupid, and: comparable to. So stupid that others cannot compare. Describes extremely stupid. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Gongye Chang\”: \”Ning Wuzi, the state has a way. Then we know that a country without principles will be foolish. Its knowledge is within reach, but its stupidity is beyond reach. \” 111. Blame Heaven and others [Explanation]: Heaven: destiny, destiny; Especially: resentment, blame. It refers to blindly blaming Heaven and blaming others when encountering setbacks or problems. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Xianwen\”: \”No resentment Heaven does not care about others. It is Heaven that knows me! \”Z112. Choose the good and follow it [Explanation]: From: follow, extended to learning. It means choosing good learning and doing it according to it. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Shuer\”: \”When three people walk together, there must be one who is my teacher. . Choose the good ones and follow them, and change the bad ones. \”113. Knowing is knowing. [Explanation]: Yes. Knowing means knowing. Not knowing means not knowing. This is smart. It means that you must have a correct attitude when doing knowledge, and it also means that you must be honest as a person. Female: Same as \”ru\”, you . [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Wei Zheng\”: Confucius said: \”Yu! Teach your daughter to know this! To know is to know, and to not know is to know. This is knowledge. \”114. Stars Gongchen [Explanation]: It is a metaphor for the support of many people, surrounding a person they admire. [Source]: \”The Analects of Confucius: Politics\”: \”Government is based on virtue, such as Beichen, living in its place, and the stars Together (arch). \” 115. The Doctrine of the Mean [Explanation]: It refers to an attitude of being impartial, balanced and balanced. [From]: \”The Analects of Confucius·Yong Ye\”: \”The Doctrine of the Mean is a virtue, and it is the most complete. \”

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