What are some tips for a 2-year-old baby who coughs and has phlegm? Better stay away from this drug!

As soon as many parents hear their babies cough and have phlegm in their throats, they rush to give their babies medicine, trying to nip the \”little flames\” of illness in the cradle. Don\’t worry, close the lid of the medicine box first and listen to Doudehui explain the pros and cons, because taking this medicine when your baby has cough and phlegm is not conducive to the recovery of the condition, and may even aggravate the infection. Which medicine should you stay away from when your baby coughs and has phlegm? It\’s… cough medicine! There are two reasons: 1. It is not conducive to the discharge of phlegm and is prone to secondary infection. Especially when the baby has phlegm, do not stop coughing immediately. Because coughing is a normal physiological response to phlegm discharge, which means that coughing can facilitate the baby to expel some phlegm from the throat and effectively remove harmful secretions from the respiratory tract. Also, parents must not take cough medicine when the baby has a lot of phlegm or takes phlegm-reducing medicine, because if the baby is forced to stop the cough, it is easy to retain the phlegm that was originally intended to be discharged in the airway, causing the phlegm to block the airway, aggravating infection and affecting the health of the baby. Breathing normally is not conducive to recovery. There are also a small number of \”unlucky ones\” who may develop other lung infections due to the accumulation of pathogens in sputum. 2 It has certain side effects. It is not recommended to give cough medicine to your baby immediately. In addition to worrying about hindering the discharge of sputum, another factor is that doing so will cause other side effects. Because most cough medicines contain codeine, which can easily inhibit breathing and have a certain degree of addiction. Therefore, on September 6, 2018, the State Food and Drug Administration issued an announcement: All drugs containing codeine are prohibited for adolescents and children under the age of 18. There are also some cough medicines that contain ephedrine. These ingredients not only make people prone to dependence on the drugs, but also may cause hallucinations when taken in large doses. They can also cause damage to children\’s kidneys, livers and other organs. Therefore, if the baby only has a slight cough, there is no need to take cough medicine. If the baby has difficulty breathing, long duration, affects eating and sleeping, is accompanied by fever, wheezing, skin cyanosis, etc., as well as infants and young children under 2 months old. You need to seek medical advice promptly to find out the cause of your cough, and then carry out corresponding treatment according to the cause. After determining the cause of the disease, you should follow the doctor\’s advice, give the baby the corresponding medicine, and strictly control the prescribed dose of medicine intake. Strive to cure the disease with minimal side effects. After talking about cough medicine, let’s talk about phlegm-reducing medicine… Can phlegm-reducing medicine really dissolve phlegm? Don\’t think of phlegm-reducing medicine as magical. The so-called phlegm-reducing medicine cannot completely eliminate phlegm. It can only have a dilutive effect. When the phlegm in the throat becomes less sticky, it will be swallowed or excreted by the baby. Therefore, the so-called phlegm-reducing medicine cannot dissolve phlegm. Some parents here may ask: \”Will phlegm cause infection if the baby swallows it?\” In fact, parents don\’t have to worry. After phlegm enters the gastrointestinal tract, it will not be so powerful because the gastrointestinal tract contains beneficial ingredients such as lysozyme and acid. , will eliminate bacteria and viruses in sputum in minutes. Therefore, swallowed phlegm generally does not cause infection. How to relieve baby\’s cough and phlegm? Medication suggestions: If there is not much phlegm, it is generally not recommended to use phlegm-reducing and cough medicines for your baby. However, if it is severe or affects daily life, drugs can be used under the guidance of a doctor. Parents should remember to giveIt is best to avoid the use of compound medicines when taking medicines for infants and young children, because the excess active ingredients will burden the baby\’s body and increase the risk of repeated medication or overdose. Therefore, if your baby coughs and has phlegm, it is recommended to take medicines with single ingredients and high safety factor. For example: Babies over 1 month old can use \”acetylcysteine\” to dilute sputum. Acetylcysteine ​​has antiviral effects and is effective in treating upper respiratory tract infections associated with coughs. However, children with asthma and wheezing should not take this medicine. Babies over 1 year old can take \”Ambroxol Hydrochloride\” (Mucosolvan). This medicine can effectively relieve and dilute sputum and relieve the discomfort of cough. Note: For all medicines, you need to consult your doctor first, then take the required amount of medicine as directed by your doctor, and ask your doctor what medicines you should avoid taking at the same time. Nursing method: When the baby coughs and has phlegm, water can moisten the respiratory tract, which is helpful for diluting and coughing up phlegm. Therefore, babies without complementary food can drink breast milk or milk, and babies with complementary food can drink more water, milk, porridge, etc. In addition to replenishing water, it is also necessary to control the indoor humidity to prevent dry air from reducing the moisture content of sputum, which is not conducive to drainage. Therefore, if the indoor temperature is lower than 40%, a humidifier should be used (the humidifier should not be used for more than 6 hours a day) to avoid air drying. Honey can relieve cough symptoms and reduce cough frequency. Therefore, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that if a baby over 1 year old only coughs due to a cold, he or she can drink 2 to 5 ml of honey to relieve the cough. Babies under 1 year old should never try this method because they are prone to botulism poisoning. For babies with a lot of phlegm, it is not recommended to drink food that is too sweet, because it is easy to produce phlegm, making the phlegm thick and difficult to cough up. Moreover, too much sweet food staying in the mouth is not conducive to disease recovery. Finally, if the symptoms do not improve after taking the medicine for more than 3 to 7 days, or if the baby has coughed for more than five days, he or she needs to see a doctor in time. Let the doctor listen to the condition of the lungs, rule out lower respiratory tract infection, and determine whether there is bronchitis before deciding whether to use the medicine. Need medicine.

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