Neonatal umbilical hernia refers to a disease in which the abdominal wall muscles around the umbilicus of newborns are not fully developed, causing the internal organs in the abdominal cavity to penetrate the umbilical ring. Umbilical hernias in newborns have a high incidence and generally heal on their own, but a certain proportion require surgical treatment. There are various causes of neonatal umbilical hernia, the main ones are as follows: 1. Embryonic development malformation: During the embryonic development process, the abdominal wall is underdeveloped, causing the internal organs in the abdominal cavity to penetrate the umbilical ring. 2. Genetic factors: Some neonatal umbilical hernias are caused by genetic factors, such as a family history of umbilical hernias. 3. Increased fetal abdominal pressure: Fetal abdominal fluid accumulation, fetal diarrhea and other factors during pregnancy increase fetal abdominal pressure, which will also increase the incidence of umbilical hernia in newborns. 4. Improper use of midwifery devices during birth: When using a midwifery device such as a suction device during delivery, it may cause damage to the newborn\’s abdominal wall, leading to umbilical hernia. 5. Other factors: Certain diseases, drugs, etc. may also cause umbilical hernia in newborns. Newborn baby care encyclopedia download ultra clear epub The treatment of neonatal umbilical hernia is generally divided into two methods: surgical and non-surgical treatment. Non-surgical treatment mainly uses abdominal belt and other auxiliary devices to support the abdominal wall muscles to gradually mature, so that the umbilical hernia can heal naturally. Surgical treatment is usually performed on newborns within 3-6 months of age. After the operation, observation is generally required for several days, and the postoperative recovery period also needs to be carried out in strict accordance with the doctor\’s instructions. In short, the causes of neonatal umbilical hernia are diverse. Parents should do more prenatal health care to reduce the impact of pressure on the fetal abdomen and other factors, and reduce the incidence of neonatal umbilical hernia. For neonatal umbilical hernia that has occurred, appropriate treatment methods should be selected and treated as early as possible to avoid affecting the healthy development of the newborn.