What kind of education is a good education? Just these 9 laws

Zhu Yongxin: Vice president of the Chinese Education Society, vice president and secretary-general of the China Ye Shengtao Research Association, professor and doctoral supervisor at Suzhou University, and part-time professor at Peking University, Beijing Normal University, and Tongji University. Initiator of the new education experiment. One of the laws of education: Attitude is everything. Although Milu’s myth has been shattered, the concepts he brought to Chinese football should not go away with him. There is a sentence written on the hats of Chinese football players: \”Attitude is everything.\” In the qualifiers, the Chinese team relied on it to boost their spirit and momentum, and finally broke out of Asia. In the World Cup, the Chinese team seemed to have given this concept to South Korea for free. When the South Korean team was moving forward, they themselves were defeated. In fact, \”attitude determines everything\” is not only a law of sports, but also a law of life and education. Education, in a certain sense, is the process of cultivating students\’ positive attitude towards life. A positive attitude towards life has the following dimensions. One is the attitude towards the future. Whether a person can face the future optimistically, whether he can pursue his ideals in life with passion and poetry, whether he can have clear goals in life, integrate all behaviors into his own goal track, and persevere in moving towards his ideals, is whether he has a positive future. Reflection of attitude. The second is the attitude towards work. Whether a person can take work seriously, use the spirit of \”there is no best, only better\” to handle every detail of the work, be dedicated to the job, improve efficiency, and constantly pursue excellence, is whether he has a positive work attitude reflect. The third is the attitude towards society. Whether a person has a strong sense of social responsibility, actively participates in various social welfare activities, has a sense of fairness and justice, is clear about love and hate, is courageous and willing to help others, is a reflection of whether he has a positive social attitude. The fourth is the attitude towards learning. Whether a person has good learning interests and study habits, whether he can constantly enrich and improve himself, whether he can become a trendsetter of the times in the wave of informatization and internationalization, seize various opportunities, and use every bit of time to study. , is a reflection of whether you have a positive learning attitude. The fifth is the attitude towards others. Whether a person can get along harmoniously with others, whether he has excellent interpersonal communication skills, whether he can be respected and loved by colleagues and friends, whether he can take the initiative to help others and understand others, is a reflection of whether he has a positive attitude towards communication. The sixth is your attitude towards yourself. Whether a person can evaluate himself correctly, have self-confidence, fully tap his potential, and seize various opportunities to exercise himself is a reflection of whether he has a positive self-attitude. If our education can strengthen training in these aspects and enable students to form a positive attitude towards life, we may get twice the result with half the effort. Law of Education No. 2: If you say you can do it, you can do it. \”If you say you can do it, you can do it, and if you don\’t, you can do it. If you say you can\’t, you can\’t do it, and if you do, you can\’t do it.\” Hengpiao means \”If you don\’t accept it, you can\’t do it.\” This is a classic quip often quoted by people in society when they satirize the will of officials in personnel appointments and removals. This kind of family affection is the tragedy of capable people or the farce of Qiao Taishou\’s random manipulation of mandarin ducks. Ifis to appear in life and is obviously terrible. However, what is interesting is that when such a \”law\” is used in education, it is often amazing. If you want to inspire a student, you should constantly (of course, timely) say to him: \”You can do it, you can do it, you can do it.\” Then he will often be able to do better and more outstandingly than others expect. Slowly, this student will become \”good\”. On the contrary, to destroy a student\’s will, you keep telling him: \”You can\’t do it, you can\’t do it, you are so stupid!\” In this way, the students who were originally \”ok\” will gradually lose confidence and become \”can\’t do it\” \”stand up. Of course, this law of education is more important for the students themselves. If you can constantly say to yourself that I can do it, I really can; if you can have strong self-confidence; if you can not care about others saying you can\’t do it: you will definitely become good at it. Let’s look at the story of Sakamoto Hounosuke. Mr. Honosuke Sakamoto, Director of the Japan Ability Development Research Institute, said something evocative in the book \”The Secret of Improving Memory\”: \”For people who come to our institute for advice, I first let them understand the importance of self-confidence. , to have the kind of self-confidence of \’believing to be able to remember\’. Strangely enough, once the visitors really realize this, it seems that at this moment, their memory improves a lot.\” In fact, self-confidence It is not only the secret to improving memory, but also the precursor to success. Self-confidence is an important spiritual pillar in life and the intrinsic motivation for people\’s behavior. Only self-confidence can make people constantly strive for self-improvement and never give up until they reach their goals. Almost every successful person has self-confidence, the most important magic weapon. However, inferiority will only make people give up on themselves, be timid, sentimental, and pursue nothing, thus losing the chance of success. hope. Psychological research shows that human intelligence is normally distributed, and there are very few idiots who are truly geniuses, accounting for only about 1%. Most of us \”all living beings\” have little difference in intelligence. As long as we are not idiots, the probability of success for each of us is almost the same. As long as we choose the right goal and work hard, everyone can make a difference and achieve something. Understanding this truth, what reason do we have for not building up self-confidence? Remember: you can do it, I can do it! The third law of education: corporal punishment is almost incompetent. In school education, rewards and punishments are a pair of commonly used and effective methods. It uses positive and negative evaluations to consolidate and develop students\’ good behaviors and overcome and correct students\’ bad behaviors. Reward is a kind of positive reinforcement, which can be divided into praise, praise, commendation, etc.; punishment is a kind of negative reinforcement, which can be divided into criticism, advice, accusation, reprimand, warning, demerit, probation, order to drop out of school, expulsion, etc. Among the above punishment processes, two are not included: one is fines, and the other is corporal punishment. Fines are also called \”economic sanctions\” and are still used in some schools. For example, some schools stipulate how much fines will be imposed for speaking in class, how much fines will be fines for being late and leaving early, how much fines will be imposed for fighting and swearing… I think, first, fines are never allowed Can exist on campus. The fine is actually not a penalty to the students, but a penalty to the parents. After being fined, the child will naturally be beaten, scolded and reprimanded by the parent. This is using the parent\’s hand to beat the child.Second, fines cast the shadow of \”money is everything\” on children\’s young minds. They feel the boundless power of money, worship money, and may even use any means to find money. Third, fines often require someone to supervise them, so class leaders often focus on who has made a mistake, rather than listening carefully or paying attention to the learning itself. Fines are not okay, but corporal punishment is okay? The answer is: Not even possible. I think corporal punishment is a sign of incompetence. Generally speaking, corporal punishment will occur in three situations: First, the teacher refuses to be convinced, manages but ignores, and the educational method \”fails\”; second, the teacher is impulsive when he is in a bad mood and has difficulty controlling his behavior; third, he firmly believes in corporal punishment Can solve problems and eliminate crises. For example, some people say: \”The whip\’s surname is bamboo. If you don\’t beat people, you won\’t be able to read.\” \”If you don\’t beat them, you won\’t be talented. You\’ll get marks as soon as you beat them.\” Under the control of this concept, some schools and teachers justly punish students. Some countries even allow corporal punishment in schools. As stipulated by the Singapore Ministry of Education, principals, vice-principals and disciplinary officers of primary and secondary schools have the right to impose corporal punishment on students by lightly hitting the students\’ palms or buttocks with a ruler or cane. Despite this, I still believe that corporal punishment cannot be used in education. First, corporal punishment cannot truly convince students and cannot fundamentally influence their minds. The Russian educator Pirogov said an interesting thing: \”Stripping is an overly brutal coercive method used to stimulate people\’s sense of shame. And shame is a delicate flower cultivated in a greenhouse. . Once it falls into rough hands, it will wither immediately. There is no doubt that whipping will cause people to fear, but this kind of fear cannot have a stimulating effect and is unreliable. It can only cover up the evil in the heart. Beating only It can reform those who are mentally fragile and can be reformed using even less dangerous methods.\” Second, corporal punishment often makes people give up on themselves and breeds hatred. Wang Shouren, an educator in the Ming Dynasty, also made a wonderful statement: \”Being whipped and tied with ropes is like being imprisoned. He regards the school as a prison and refuses to enter. He regards the teachers as enemies and does not want to see them. He peeks into the wall to hide himself, so he can play and deceive. Pretending to be cunning is a way to show off one\’s naughtiness. Stealing something mediocre is becoming more and more obscene. It\’s just trying to do evil and asking for good. How can it be achieved?\” Third, corporal punishment often makes students imitate violence. When he becomes an adult, or when they face an educational target who is weaker than themselves, they will fight with fists without hesitation. Education is the art of the soul. Only when the hearts face each other and the hearts blend together can real results be achieved. The pain of the skin and flesh can only be quenched by drinking poison to quench thirst. Therefore, \”corporal punishment is almost incompetent.\” This is probably the basic law of education. Law of Education No. 4: Reading changes life. Many years ago, when I was reading Suhomlinsky’s works, I came across this passage, which made me unforgettable: “Infinite belief in the power of books is one of the true meanings of my educational belief. .\” Many years have passed, and my understanding of this sentence has increased day by day. Yes, if human material civilization can be preserved and continued through materialized forms such as buildings and tools, then how can human spiritual civilization be preserved and continued? A newborn baby, how does the spiritual world interact with him as he grows up?Does physical development and maturation keep pace with the times? I think reading is the only way to achieve the above goals. Books are a bridge to inherit civilization and an intermediary for the continuation of culture. A fulfilling and meaningful life should be developed along with reading. Looking at all the countries in the world, most of the nations that advocate reading are nations with tenacious vitality. The Jewish people are the most well-read people in the world, with an average of 64 books per person per year. The love of reading cannot but be said to be an important reason why the Jews were able to regain their country after two thousand years of subjugation; the love of reading cannot but be said to be an important reason why the Jews were able to quickly build a modern country after the restoration of the country; the love of reading cannot but be said to be an important reason Not to mention that it is the Jews who were displaced and gave birth to countless outstanding thinkers, scientists and artists such as Marx, Einstein and Mendelssohn. It is also an important reason why Jews love to read. There are also important reasons for an alarming proportion of previous Nobel Prize winners. In a sentence: The love of reading makes the Jews an excellent nation; a country that loves reading must be a country that is constantly improving. And we in China have been a nation that advocates and loves reading since ancient times. However, with the emergence of the imperial examination system, scholars\’ reading horizons gradually narrowed. The current examination-oriented education has also squeezed out the space for students to study to a large extent. The phenomenon of having no books to read in schools is far from disappearing. It is not uncommon for students to have no time to study or not want to study. Except for a few dry textbooks, students have almost no other books and no longer read them. This makes their spiritual world gradually wither and the color of their lives gradually dim. It\’s heart-wrenching and sobering. \”Reading changes life.\” I would like to share with you an article I recently read by an ordinary author – Amul, a young man from Heilongjiang Province, to appreciate and appreciate the meaning and value of this law. He wrote: When I was a teenager, I read a Soviet novel \”Tomorrow to the Sea\”. This novel tells the story of a middle school student who goes sailing on the Black Sea during vacation. After reading it, I couldn\’t calm down for a long time. I fantasized about traveling to distant places and roaming every part of the world one day. When I grew up, I was particularly fond of traveling and visited many places of interest and famous mountains and rivers. It was \”Go to the Ocean Tomorrow\” that ignited my enthusiasm and passion for embracing nature. Later, I worked as a car porter, a watchman, burned a boiler, sold biscuits, worked as an editor, a secretary, a substitute teacher, and worked in government agencies; I contracted land by the Ussuri River, and worked as an employee in Russia. Damn, I worked as a tabloid reporter in Beijing. Now, I have become a freelance writer and a self-reliant worker, and I am proud of this: it is books that provide me with the foundation of life, and they are my food and clothing parents. In 1996, when I was contracting land in the Great Northern Wilderness, I worked during the day, lit candles at night, and read Pasternak\’s \”Doctor Zhivago\” that I carried with me. In 2000, when I was wandering in Beijing, while busy with my work as a reporter, I took a break to read \”The Biography of Lippmann\”… Books can change a person\’s life, personality, hobbies, talents, temperament, thoughts and concepts, as well as the understanding of life. . ——There is no end to learning, and there is no end to practice.territory. Books have accompanied Amul’s growth, and I hope it will stay with you and me throughout my life! Law of Education No. 5: The classroom belongs to the students. What is the purpose of constructing the classroom? Of course, it is for the students to increase their knowledge and for their growth and progress. Just like the purpose of building a house is to provide the owner with shelter from wind and rain, warmth and cold protection. We say that the house belongs to the owner, and no one will have any objection; then, if we say that the classroom belongs to the students, what reason is there to cast a suspicious glance? Some people say, doesn’t the classroom belong to the teacher? Good question! However, its \”subtext\” (\”the classroom belongs to the teacher\”, \”the teacher is the main subject, and the students are the guests\”) and the views it contains may be the fundamental obstacle to the failure of the classroom to \”return\” to the subject (students). On the surface, there is nothing wrong with \”the classroom belongs to the teacher.\” But once we realize that without students, the classroom and teachers will lose the necessity and meaning of existence, then we will clearly discover that students are the ultimate goal of the classroom, and teachers are just the means and ways to achieve the goal, or metaphorically For bridges and ties. Teachers as \”intermediaries\” do not have the qualifications of masters and should not obtain the right to \”belong\”. So how should his role be positioned? I think that since education is for people (students) to survive better, it is very appropriate to position teachers in roles such as \”guardians\”, \”servers\”, \”facilitators\” and \”collaborators\”. In view of this, people put forward three \”everythings\” (i.e., \”everything for students, for all students, and everything for students\”), which I think has achieved the \”samadhi\” of education. The classroom belongs to the students. In this case, he should not have the restraint of a servant, the timidity of a slave, or the depression of a child-wife. He should plunge into the free and relaxed atmosphere that surrounds him, and he should enjoy the gurgling poetry and happiness that he can\’t stop. In reality, many of our classrooms are like battlefields, which emphasize strict discipline and require sitting upright. Students are walking on thin ice and fearful… I once compared some teachers to \”education police.\” What\’s more, some teachers actually become \”education monsters\” in the eyes of students. With their presence, the classroom is not the \”home\” of students. Even if it is \”home\”, it is a \”home\” that is as daunting as an ice cellar for students. Therefore, they can only become \”a person who does not go home.\” The classroom belongs to the students. Therefore, the classroom should be an important part of students\’ lives and lives, as well as a training ground for students\’ future life skills and a practice place for students\’ future life experiences. Therefore, in the classroom, we not only let them learn knowledge, but also let them learn to live, create the necessary communication field for them, let them learn to communicate, and even learn \”theory\” and learn to quarrel. \”Red, orange, yellow, green, indigo and purple\”, if one color is missing, there will be no colorful life; \”Sour, sweet, bitter, spicy and salty\”, if one flavor is missing, there will be no five flavors of life, even if what you give them is always red passion and the sweetness of honey. Therefore, a real classroom should also allow students to have a variety of life experiences and a variety of emotional experiences, so that students can have the experience of untying knots, overcoming setbacks, and experiencing the taste of \”the joys and sorrows of life.\” The classroom belongs to the students. The child put his little hands behind his back and remained motionless in a \”sitting like a clock\” posture.Looking at the teacher, staring at the blackboard, or when the teacher asks a question, everyone speaks in unison… This is such an intoxicating teaching scene, and it is the teaching scene that has won the applause of many open classes, but I think this is precisely the reflection on human nature. A well-intentioned mockery, or even a malicious thief against human nature. A good classroom is always humane and humane, but the above-mentioned classroom strips away the essence and characteristics of human beings. How can we achieve the educational pursuit of returning the classroom to students? In such a teaching situation, the classroom not only does not belong to students, but also does not belong to humans. Therefore, one of the essentials of \”classroom belongs to students\” is that \”classroom belongs to every living and individual life form.\” Law of Education No. 6: Character dominates destiny. During my psychology education and research, Ushinsky’s words made me unforgettable: “Everything in education should be based on the educator’s personality, because only personality can Affects personality, and only personality can form character.\” Yes, character plays an extremely important role in the entire development of a person. There are several inner levels of character: the level of life principles is a person\’s world view and outlook on life. It is a person\’s overall view of nature, society, and life. It is the most stable and dominant factor in character; the attitude towards reality The first layer includes attitudes toward others, oneself, and things. It is the core and entity of character, and is relatively stable. It is subject to the principles of life, but it restricts the way of activities; the way of activity layer is the expression of individual psychological activities. It is a characteristic of personality, which mainly includes a person\’s cognitive, emotional, will and other characteristics. Relatively speaking, its variability is relatively large. Creation and innovation are the educational themes of the new century and are also permanent educational topics, and all of these are inseparable from people\’s creative character, which is seriously lacking in current primary and secondary education. A large number of surveys of teachers and students in primary and secondary schools show that most people do not know how to have a creative personality. In my long-term thinking, I found that people with creative personality types have very similar characteristics, that is, hard work, scientific arrangement of time, humility and enterprising spirit, strong curiosity, skeptical spirit, individual independence, tolerance for mistakes, and flexible viewpoints. And have unusual values, etc. It goes without saying that these characteristics are important to every teacher and to growing primary and secondary school students. From this, I thought of the story of Zhang Shunhui, a famous contemporary historian in my country. Professor Zhang has an independent character. He combines \”perseverance, perseverance, patience, faith, and foolishness\”. Under the influence of this personality, he read \”Zizhi Tongjian\” when he was 19 years old, reading one or two volumes a day. After seven months, he finished reading this 294-volume book and wrote concise notes. When he got a little older, he decided to read \”Twenty-Four Histories\”, so he did not fear the hardships, did not avoid the cold and heat, and spent ten years to finally read this 3259-volume book, and marked them all with ink pen. Read it very carefully. In 1946, Lanzhou University, where Professor Zhang taught, purchased the Ming Dynasty edition of \”Dynasty Classics\”, 504 volumes, containing 3,145 political papers from 424 authors. He took advantage of the summer break and after 50 daysI sat down at my desk and browsed through it. I remembered again that Suhomlinsky devoted everything he had to bringing his personal collection of books to 190,000 volumes… This is the power of a tenacious character and the charm of a tenacious character. Therefore, character is the key to destiny, and each of us should also pay attention to the design and development of our own character. In this regard, we might as well learn from Tolstoy. Tolstoy formulated a \”Character Cultivation Plan\” for himself when he was in his teens, determined to become a writer who promoted good and punished evil. When he recalled his life history in his later years, he often mentioned this character cultivation plan in his youth, saying that it often played a role in reminding, urging, and promoting his creation throughout his life. The 21st century is a new century, a century full of vitality, and also a century of innovation for the Chinese people. I hope this \”law\” of mine can awaken spiritual individuals, give them a more beautiful character, and create a beautiful destiny. Law of Education No. 7: Characteristics are excellence. I heard a story a few years ago, but I can’t remember it clearly. It goes something like this: The boss of a construction company wanted to find a manager from a group of ordinary workers. The person in charge of the construction site walked around the construction site with him and asked him if he had any suitable candidates. The boss said, I want the person wearing red overalls. He explained that everyone wears blue clothes, except him… People with characteristics often have pursuits and achievements. Later facts proved that the boss\’s idea was correct. I think distinction is excellence. The characteristic is that it stands out from the crowd, just a little bit of red among the greenery. The most fundamental meaning of characteristics is to be unusual, or its essential attribute is difference. The current basic education in China has not done enough in terms of \”differentiated development\”. I once went to a provincial key middle school within the jurisdiction to conduct research. The principal reported on his work one after another. I asked: \”What do you think is the biggest feature of your school?\” He thought for a long time and finally said it was excellent teaching. Quality and top-notch admission rate among similar schools. Quality is of course the lifeline of a school, and the admission rate is also very important, but I think that comparison and competition between key middle schools should no longer \”focus\” on these aspects. They are the same quantities on both sides of the \”equation\” and can be \”drawn out\” at the same time. Lose\”. Of course, we cannot blame this principal and other principals, because the background he is in is not conducive to or even hinders the formation and development of characteristics. Indeed, in our educational reality, there still exists the \”magic bed\” in ancient Greek mythology. All students, teachers, principals and schools must be consistent with the length of the \”magic bed\” and make up for the shortest length. If it is long, cut it off. With such a unified \”mold\” or paradigm to stipulate and restrict, can you still expect a gratifying situation of \”reducing talents without sticking to one pattern\”? Some people say: \”God created people differently, but the current education is contrary to God.\” Calling for characteristics, pursuing characteristics, and forging characteristics should be one of the themes of contemporary Chinese education; education without characteristics is like a cookie-cutter article. There is no beauty or excellence in a group that looks the same. Of course, characteristics or personalities and commonalities are not \”incompatible\”. Characteristics or individuality reside in commonality. Like the key middle school mentioned above, if there is no high teaching quality,If you take the two commonalities of quality and high enrollment rate as the cornerstone and guarantee, then even if you have a rich and colorful second classroom, even if you have a number of seedlings in scientific and technological inventions, artistic expressions, etc., it is difficult for us to say that you are us. Ideal and expected to be a good school, your school performance is outstanding. The problem is that you cannot be satisfied with and stay on these two points, but must use a broader vision and a more open-minded mind to discover, tolerate and create students with differences, teachers with styles, and schools with characteristics. In this sense, commonality is the foundation and characteristics are transcendence. Who can stand still at the basic level, and who can not create brilliance through transcendence and breakthrough? The original Suzhou No. 6 Middle School was a school with a relatively weak foundation. The principal was troubled by this and asked me for advice. After some investigation, thinking and argumentation, I think it should focus on characteristics, and the \”topic\” or \”breakthrough\” of this article can be chosen in art education. Later, the school made unremitting efforts in this direction, and the quality of the school continued to rise, and it has now passed the provincial acceptance of the national model general high school. It is hard to imagine that without distinctive construction, it can come from behind with the speed and momentum of a \”triple jump\”, which is eye-catching. Similarly, Tongli No. 2 Primary School in Wujiang City has put a lot of effort and effort into writing education. The students in this school can write beautiful handwriting, and the overall writing level of the students is at the first-class level among similar schools in the country. The improvement of art or writing level will inevitably lead to the improvement of students\’ comprehensive quality, and will inevitably continuously enrich their humanistic spiritual connotation. Therefore, the characteristic is by no means an isolated existence. It is the wintersweet that announces the spring, and the red apricots that appear on the wall. Behind it, there will inevitably be the gratifying scene of \”thousands of pear trees in bloom\” and \”the garden filled with purple and red colors in spring\”. Features can help you improve quality and pursue excellence. You may be complaining about the poor student resources, mediocre teachers, and backward schools. You are lingering in front of the \”characteristics\” that once made your heart beat, and you are sighing at the door of the \”excellence\” that you once looked forward to. I want to tell you: \”Friends\” , why worry about features?\” I would like to end with a true story, and think about and encourage you together. A large Japanese company was recruiting talents and posted a notice: \”Our company only recruits repeaters.\” Applicants came in droves. After the interview, those with low IQs and those who are not diligent will not be accepted. Those who are \”weirdos\” who delay the course because they are focused and obsessed with creating inventions, but \”the more the merrier\”. Law of Education No. 8: Ideals create brilliance. Many students’ compositions have compared ideals, ambitions, ambitions, etc. to beacons, street lights, and direction signs. They say that life without ideals is confusing, and life without ambitions is negative and decadent. The ideal life is confusing. Everyone uses this metaphor, and to be honest, it’s cliché. I think that the vulgar is the truth, and the vulgar is the elegance. This seemingly vulgar metaphor reveals the essential characteristics of psychological concepts such as ideals, ambitions, ambitions, etc., and contains their most important and profound connotations. The question now is not whether the metaphor is unconventional, but whether this principle has truly melted into the blood of students\’ lives and whether it has been deposited into the genetic tissue of their will and quality. I thought I was somewhat creativePotential, creative endowment, and sometimes they say amazing things in true expressions or confessions, but when it comes to topics like ideals and dreams, I always think of a story. To be honest, it’s not that I have accumulated very few relevant stories, it’s because this story is so intriguing and tear-jerking. This story is enough to reveal the beauty of ideals, the magic of ambitions, and the charm of ambitions incisively and vividly, and it is a soul-stirring interpretation. This story tells the story of the British Cabinet Secretary for Education, blind David. When he was still in kindergarten, David described his dream in an essay titled \”My Future I Will Be——\”, hoping to be a British cabinet minister when he grows up. He believed that there had never been a precedent for a blind person to enter the cabinet in British history, and he wanted to make history. When he grew up, David\’s dream came true and he became the British Cabinet Secretary of Education. He said: \”As long as you don\’t let the beautiful dreams of your youth drift away with the years, success will one day appear in front of you.\” Facts are the best textbook. Whenever I tell this story to my teenage friends or even to our teachers and students’ parents, I see faces that are moved by it and eyes that are filled with tears. This may be an effect that a serious textbook about ideals cannot produce at all! Ideals create brilliance. What ideals you have often determine what actions you will take and what results you will achieve. Without ideals, the \”score book\” of your life will always be zero or blank. A successful person will never be like a \”blind cat bumping into a dead mouse\” – without any ideals, but \”blinded\” to success, achievements and even brilliance. There is no doubt about this. David\’s childhood ideal seemed like a daydream to many people, but his dream came true. It is not difficult for us to imagine the hardships, frustrations, and even prejudice and discrimination he experienced. Without his ceaseless progress and struggle, without his perseverance, becoming more courageous with each setback, in a word, without his acquired efforts, he might always be a chaotic blind man in the dark world, and even make trouble. Modern jokes like \”blind men touch an elephant\”. Acquired efforts cannot be overstated or metaphorized, but while acknowledging and praising the function of \”efforts\” in \”turning decay into magic\”, we should not forget where the motivation for \”efforts\” comes from and where it originates. The answer is ideal. The ideal I am talking about is an ideal that can create brilliance. It must also be an ideal that \”has a high heart\”, an ideal that \”will not be afraid of the floating clouds that obscure our vision\”, and an ideal that \”young people should grasp the clouds when they are ambitious\”! Law of Education No. 9: Love produces miracles. There is such a true and touching story: 25 years ago, a university professor who taught sociology asked his class to go to the slums of Baltimore to investigate the growth background and living environment of 200 boys. and make an assessment of their future development. Every student concluded that \”he had no chance of getting ahead.\” Twenty-five years later, another professor discovered the study and asked his students to conduct follow-up surveys to see how the boys were doing today. As a result, according to the investigation, except for 20 boys who moved away or passed away, 176 of the remaining 180 became adults.It is extraordinary that many of them are lawyers, doctors or businessmen. The professor was surprised and decided to investigate the matter in depth. He visited the young people who had been evaluated back then and asked them the same question, \”What is the biggest reason why you are successful today?\” As a result, they all answered unanimously: \”Because I met a good teacher.\” The teacher is still alive. Although he is old, he is still sharp. After the professor found her, he asked her if she had any unique skills that could help these children who grew up in the slums stand out. The old lady\’s eyes flashed with kindness and she replied with a smile: \”Actually, it\’s nothing, I love these children.\” For teachers, nothing is more important than love. You don’t have rich knowledge, solid skills, or superb teaching skills…but if you have a deep \”love\”, you will endure hardships that others cannot endure, sit on the \”cold bench\” that others are unwilling to sit on, and study hard and practice hard. , accumulate over time, and eventually become a great weapon. Qian Menglong only has a junior high school diploma, and the same is true for Wei Shusheng, but they have reached the pinnacle of China\’s education industry today. It was their unwavering \”love\” for education that enabled them to achieve a leap in life. Among your students there are no geniuses, no children who are smart at first glance, no handsome boys, but a group of teenagers with mediocre performance and no obvious \”promising\”, and even a group of \”naughty kings\” and stubborn \” \”Master\” is a \”poor student\” who \”hangs the red lantern high\” in the first exam… But you have the persistent expectation to \”turn decay into magic\” and \”there are no students who can\’t teach well, only teachers who can\’t teach\” With a spirit of self-discipline and a rational understanding that \”transforming an underachieving student is as important as cultivating an outstanding student, or even more important\”, in a word, with extraordinary love, you can also cultivate batches of eugenics and talents. Li Zhenxi voluntarily brought the hated \”poor students\” to his class, and wrote a series of magnificent educational poems in terms of \”transformation\” and promotion; Sun Weigang taught for Tsinghua University in the little-known Beijing No. 22 Middle School Key universities and other universities have sent many freshmen, and the same \”love\” that fills their chests and passions allows them to experience and appreciate the beauty and happiness of education. Your school does not have a majestic teaching building, or the Internet that allows students to travel around the world without leaving home, or even decent desks and chairs, but you have the spirit of \”fighting against difficulties is endless fun\” , have full confidence that \”towering trees can grow on high loess slopes\” and have the immortal dream of \”golden phoenixes flying out of chicken coops\”, you will face difficulties, turn disadvantages into advantages, and create people who dare to \”International modern Chinese\” who look at the world and have a global mind. I once visited some remote and impoverished areas for educational inspections. On the one hand, I was worried about their poverty and backwardness. On the other hand, I was also impressed by the valuable spirit of those “educators” who “didn’t let go” and the extraordinary achievements they created. Breathtaking. The \”love\” that \”cannot be taken away from anyone\” gives them a unique scenery and glory. The love of education is air, sunshine, soil, water, food, cloth… You can compare it to everything essential for human survival and development, and it is absolutelyNot excessive. Therefore, Xia Jizun, an educator of the older generation, said: Education without emotion and love is like a pond without water. Without water, it wouldn\’t be called a pond. Without emotion, without love, there is no education. However, in the real life of our education, there is too much lack of love! Students have undisciplined behavior (Note: We should calm down and think carefully about whether some behaviors are \”discipline-breaking\”, such as speaking without raising hands in class, \”talking back\” to teachers or parents, or having a good impression of students of the opposite sex, writing (a letter expressing good feelings, etc.), instead of following the guidance, they act as \”education police\”, mercilessly scolding, and even use old fists; students have ideological crux that cannot be resolved, instead of trying hard to capture and carefully discover , patiently guide, but turn a blind eye, or even cynicize, and pour cold water; when the student\’s performance fluctuates, instead of analyzing the reasons with him and enthusiastically encouraging him, he openly criticizes and \”urges\” harshly, so as not to make him frustrated, as if he can\’t succeed. The power of a strict teacher… Tao Xingzhi said, before our cold eyes, there may be Newton; under our stick, there may be Watt; among our bad words, there may be Edison. Yes, in a sense, becoming talented and effective is inevitable for the exploration and development of human potential. It is a kind of human nature that should not be obliterated. Intentionally or unintentionally, many of our colleagues have destroyed this kind of talent. Inevitably, this nature has been trampled and \”created\” one after another, heart-breaking \”miracles\” that should not have happened! Such a \”miracle\” is certainly not what we hope for, nor should it even be something we can accept calmly. The miracle we are looking forward to is an unexpected \”good thing\” that cannot happen according to routine and common sense. It can only sprout from enthusiasm, be inspired by encouragement, and finally be born from love. Without these positive emotional experiences and emotional expressions, \”miracles\” will never miraculously happen, just like new seedlings will not spit out from the ice cellar and new life will not emerge from the steamer. No teacher is immune to miracles. But if you want to connect with a miracle, you have to pop up the red thread of love and throw out the hydrangea of ​​love. Although this is not a \”sufficient condition\”, it is certainly an indispensable \”necessary condition\”. More than one case of a vegetative person came out of the nightmare and embraced a beautiful life again because he received careful care from his relatives. I want to tell you that there are no \”vegetative people\” among your education targets, and your miracles are not that difficult to create! To put it more bluntly, I want to ask: Are you willing to create an educational miracle, YES or NO?

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