As women age, they may face several risks and complications during pregnancy and childbirth. Older women (usually defined as pregnant women aged 35 and above) may face the following risks during pregnancy and delivery: 1. Increased risk of spontaneous abortion and fetal malformations. As age increases, the number and quality of a woman’s eggs will decrease, so pregnancy The difficulty and risk of fetal malformations will increase. According to statistics, the risk of spontaneous abortion for pregnant women over 35 years old is more than 50% higher than for pregnant women under 30 years old. Moreover, as the maternal age increases, the risk of fetal chromosomal abnormalities also increases. For example, pregnant women over the age of 35 have a nearly five times higher risk of Down syndrome than those under the age of 30. Therefore, it is very important for older mothers to undergo prenatal screening and examinations and receive genetic counseling to reduce the risk of fetal malformations and chromosomal abnormalities. 2. The risk of pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure increases. As age increases, the risk of pregnant women developing pregnancy complications such as gestational diabetes and high blood pressure also increases. These complications not only affect the health of the pregnant woman but also have a negative impact on the development and growth of the fetus. For example, pregnant women with high blood pressure may easily lead to serious complications such as placental abruption and amniotic fluid embolism, and pregnant women with gestational diabetes may cause problems such as fetal macrosomia and hypoglycemia. Therefore, older mothers need to receive a comprehensive medical examination before pregnancy to understand their physical condition, and receive regular prenatal examinations and screenings during pregnancy to maintain good nutrition and lifestyle to avoid pregnancy complications. How to raise children scientifically and healthily pdf [Scientific pregnancy escorts newborn families] 3. The risk of premature birth and placental abruption increases. Older women may have complications such as premature birth and placental abruption during pregnancy. These complications may affect the health and survival of the fetus. . Premature fetuses may face risks such as difficulty breathing, poor lung development, and brain damage, while placental abruption may lead to fetal distress, hypoxia and other problems. Therefore, older mothers need to receive regular pregnancy check-ups to detect and deal with any possible complications in a timely manner. 4. The risk of dystocia and cesarean section increases. As age increases, the elasticity and contractility of pregnant women’s uterine and birth canal muscle tissues will decrease, which may lead to an increased risk of dystocia and cesarean section. Dystocia may cause intrauterine distress, hypoxia and other problems, affecting the health and survival of the fetus, while cesarean section may also have a certain impact on the health of pregnant women. Therefore, older mothers need to undergo a comprehensive medical examination before pregnancy to understand their physical condition and take necessary preventive measures in a timely manner to reduce the risk of dystocia and cesarean section. 5. Increased risk of postpartum depression and other psychological problems Older mothers may face a higher risk of postpartum depression and other psychological problems. This may be related to physical and emotional stress during pregnancy and childbirth, the impact of maternal illness, and a lack of social and family support. Therefore, older mothers need to receive comprehensive health and psychological support during pregnancy and postpartum, maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, establish a good social and family support system, and reduce the occurrence and impact of psychological problems. In short,Elderly mothers may face a variety of risks and complications during pregnancy and delivery. Therefore, comprehensive medical and lifestyle management measures need to be taken to detect and deal with any possible problems in a timely manner to ensure the health and survival of mothers and babies. At the same time, it is recommended that older women undergo a comprehensive medical examination before pregnancy, understand their physical condition, and receive services such as genetic counseling and prenatal examination so that they can take necessary preventive and therapeutic measures in a timely manner to reduce risks and complications during pregnancy and delivery.