What to do if your baby has a cold and runny nose, learn this and you won’t be afraid anymore

Why do babies always catch colds easily? The common cold is caused by a viral infection, which can be spread through contact, air, or droplets. The most common way of transmission is when the baby\’s hands that are contaminated (contaminated by virus-containing secretions, such as cough droplets, nasal mucus, phlegm, etc.) touch his or her own eyes, nose or mouth. It is generally normal for babies to catch colds frequently. Studies have shown that children under 6 years old have an average of 6 to 8 colds per year, and may have as many as 1 cold per month from late autumn to early spring. After going to nursery or kindergarten, babies will have colds more frequently. The frequency may be higher, and the frequency of these illnesses is determined by the physiological characteristics of the child. Because the nasal cavity of infants and young children is relatively short, the nasal mucosa is tender and rich in blood vessels, and the immune function of the respiratory tract is poor, this will make the baby prone to infection. In addition, babies often do not wash their hands and like to play together with children, which will also increase the chance of cross-infection. As long as the duration of each cold in the baby does not exceed 2 weeks, and the baby gets better every time, and does not progress to a more serious condition, such as pneumonia, then \”baby keeps catching colds\” is generally a normal phenomenon, and parents do not need to worry too much. Cui Yutao\’s baby health open class download [PDF high-definition scanned version] How to judge whether the baby really has a cold? Colds include various symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections. The term \”cold\” originates from traditional medicine and is currently used to refer to symptoms such as sneezing, stuffy nose, runny nose, general discomfort, cough, sore throat, headache and/or low-grade fever. Syndrome of symptoms. Because this syndrome includes a variety of specific illnesses, \”cold\” is not a formal disease diagnosis in modern medicine. Baby colds mainly refer to acute upper respiratory tract viral infections, characterized by symptoms of nasal congestion, runny nose and/or sneezing, or accompanied by varying degrees of (mostly mild) fever, sore throat, cough, headache, myalgia and (or) Feeling of discomfort and other systemic symptoms. Based on these symptoms, if after seeking medical treatment, the doctor finds that the baby\’s nasal mucosa and oral cavity are red, with or without swollen anterior cervical lymph nodes, and there is a history of contact with cold patients, it can basically be determined that the baby has a cold. . Tips: People are accustomed to calling colds, nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing caused by cold weather stimulation \”colds\”, but medically, this condition is classified as \”non-allergic rhinitis\” (non-allergic rhinitis). Not a common cold. In this case, the baby rarely develops systemic symptoms such as fever, myalgia, and general discomfort. The symptoms of nasal congestion, runny nose, and sneezing caused by allergic rhinitis (allergic rhinitis) usually have obvious \”allergic\” history, triggers, and characteristics. They are also different from colds and are generally easier to distinguish. Baby cold how to do? Most babies can recover on their own in about 7 to 10 days after catching a cold, but some babies\’ cold symptoms can last for 3 weeks or even longer. When a baby catches a cold, if parents do a good job in home care, although the duration of the disease cannot be significantly shortened, But it can make the baby feel more comfortable. If your baby has a stuffy or runny nose, the ambient humidity will increase. If your home is relatively dry, you can turn on the humidifier (especially when the humidity is below 40%, but when the humidity is above 60%)Do not use a humidifier anymore), adjust the humidity to about 55% (anything between 50% and 60% is acceptable); Clean the nasal cavity: Babies under 1 year old can use physiological sea salt nasal drops or physiological sea water. Use a nasal spray to spray your nose, and you can even try to use physiological seawater nasal spray, especially for babies who are very young; those over 1 year old can try using \”physiological seawater nasal spray\” or \”physiological seawater nasal care spray\” to spray their nose ; Ages above 4 years old can also try to rinse the nose with physiological sea water or/and physiological nasal rinse solution (physiological saline solution brewed with special nasal rinse salt). If the baby has a sore throat, eat soft food that is easy to swallow, especially for those who have difficulty swallowing due to pain or enlarged tonsils; do not eat food that is too hot; drink enough water, and children over 1 year old can also drink cold or hot drinks (such as Tea with a little honey); avoid acidic foods (such as sour oranges, hawthorns, lemons, kiwis, green plums, passion fruit, plums, sour star fruit, apricots, sauerkraut, vinegar, etc.) and drinks, especially those with oral or pharyngeal ulcers Children sucking ice cubes and eating cold or frozen desserts (such as ice cream or popsicles, etc.) can also help relieve sore throat; children 5 years old or older can try sucking hard candies, but it is not recommended for children 4 years old or younger. Because there is a risk of suffocation; painkillers can be used when sore throat seriously affects eating, acetaminophen can be used for babies over 3 months old, and ibuprofen can be used for babies over 6 months old. Ventilate the room when the baby coughs, increase the indoor air humidity, and control the humidity at about 50-60%; drink more water, drink boiled water in small amounts and frequently; children over 1 year old can eat honey to relieve cough, especially at night, honey 2.5 to 5 mL at a time, which can be administered directly or diluted in liquid before administration (such as boiled water, juice, etc.). If honey is not available, corn syrup can be substituted. If your baby has a fever, let your baby rest more, keep cool, wear fewer clothes, and replenish fluids. If your baby feels uncomfortable due to elevated body temperature, you can consider taking antipyretics. For babies over 3 months old, acetaminophen can be used. For babies over 6 months old, acetaminophen or ibuprofen can be used. However, do not cover your sweat. It is not recommended to use water baths to reduce fever. It is also not recommended to use ice water, alcohol, etc. to reduce fever. It is not recommended to wear antipyretic patches. Tips: 1. If your baby has the following conditions, it is recommended to seek medical attention as soon as possible: clear nasal discharge for more than two weeks, or colored nasal discharge for more than 10 days, and it does not improve or is getting worse. You have a painful expression when coughing, breathing quickly and urgently, wheezing or stuffiness, etc., or the cough lasts for more than 1 week, especially if it lasts for more than 2 weeks and does not improve or is getting worse. Fever that lasts more than 3 days, especially more than 5 days (24 hours is a day). There is no obvious fever, but I am not in good spirits and have lost interest in things I usually am interested in. 2. It is not recommended to give Pudilan to children, especially those with allergies. In 2018, the State Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) issued an announcement requiring Pudilan anti-inflammatory preparations (tablets, capsules, oral liquids) to modify the statementinstructions, and add explanations on [adverse reactions], [taboos], [precautions], etc. In the revised requirements, the Food and Drug Administration clearly pointed out that the adverse reactions of Pudilan anti-inflammatory preparations include: nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue, dizziness, etc., as well as allergic reactions such as rash and itching, and further clarified that \”pregnant women should use with caution\” People with allergies and allergies should use with caution.\”

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