Dietary principles for pregnant mothers in the 28th week of pregnancy

Mineral supplementation in late pregnancy is very important. After 3 months of pregnancy, due to the rapid growth of the fetus and a series of changes in the mother\’s body. Pregnant mothers\’ demand for nutrients increases rapidly, especially in the last three months. The demand increases even more, especially for minerals such as calcium, iron, iodine, and zinc. If a pregnant mother is deficient in minerals, pregnancy may be complicated by anemia; the pregnant mother may experience calf twitching and sweat easily and wake up; the incidence of fetal congenital diseases (such as calcium deficiency) will increase. Therefore, pregnant mothers should pay attention to reasonable supplementation of minerals. Pregnant mothers need to consume and store a certain amount of iron every day to supplement their own consumption and avoid iron loss due to blood loss during childbirth. If a pregnant mother is deficient in iron, it is easy to cause anemia and malnutrition in herself and the fetus, and the development of the fetus is easily affected. If anemia worsens, it can cause premature birth, low birth weight, or stillbirth. In order to prevent pregnancy anemia, pregnant mothers should supplement iron appropriately and eat enough iron-containing foods in the third trimester of pregnancy. Such foods include: animal liver, heart, kidney, egg yolk, lean meat, black carp, shrimp, kelp, seaweed, black fungus, pumpkin seeds, sesame seeds, soybeans, green leafy vegetables, etc. Vitamin C can increase the absorption of iron in the intestines. You should eat more vegetables and fruits with high vitamin C content. Medicinal iron supplementation should be carried out under the guidance of a doctor, because excessive iron intake will affect the absorption and utilization of zinc. Related articles: Symptoms of pregnancy in the 28th week: Pregnant mothers should pay more attention to all aspects of minerals. Among the minerals, the calcium requirement of pregnant mothers is the most important. In the first 3 months of pregnancy, the fetus has a small demand for calcium. As the fetus grows, the demand for calcium increases from the 4th month. If the calcium supply during pregnancy is insufficient, maternal blood calcium will decrease, and tetany may occur; in severe cases, the fetus will take a large amount of calcium and phosphorus from the pregnant mother\’s bones to meet the needs of the fetus\’s own development, resulting in softening of the pregnant mother\’s bones. , the fetus may also develop congenital rickets and calcium deficiency convulsions. Generally, after childbirth, breastfeeding mothers will lose 8% to 10% of calcium and are prone to osteoporosis. Therefore, during pregnancy, pregnant mothers should pay attention to calcium intake and supplementation to protect the health of the fetus and themselves. Pregnant mothers should eat more calcium-rich foods during the second trimester, such as dried shrimps, milk, soy products, green leafy vegetables, nuts, sesame paste, etc. You should be careful not to take too much calcium tablets and vitamin D, otherwise it will cause hypercalcemia in newborns, and in severe cases, it will affect the intelligence of the fetus. With the acceleration of fetal development and changes in the mother\’s body, the requirements for various trace elements also increase accordingly. Pregnant mothers have increased appetite. As long as the food is properly prepared, the intake of various trace elements will not be affected. Recipe recommended by nutritionists: Chicken stewed with kelp:::::::::::::::::::::::::::: Ingredients: 1 chicken, 300 grams of water-coated kelp. Seasoning: Appropriate amounts of cooking wine, chopped green onion, ginger slices, salt, and pepper. Method: 1. Wash the chicken and chop into pieces; wash the kelp and cut into diamond-shaped pieces. 2. Put cold water in the pot, put the chicken pieces into the pot, bring to a boil over high heat, skim off the foam, add chopped green onion, ginger slices, peppercorns, cooking wine and kelp; stew over medium heat until the chicken is tender, sprinkle in salt and stir Mix well and serve. Nutrition review: This chickenThe meat is soft and rotten, the soup is delicious and not greasy, and it is rich in minerals, vitamin C, vitamin E and other nutrients. Pregnant mothers often eat this dish, which can effectively prevent and treat nutritional deficiencies.

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