Don’t miss the peak period of fetal brain development

The main method of prenatal education is to teach the fetus music, language, mathematics and other content to stimulate the fetus to increase neuron synapses and make the baby smarter. However, due to the stimulation of external sounds through the clothes, pregnant mother\’s belly and amniotic fluid, the fetus may hear it as a buzzing noise. \”Visual prenatal education\”, \”stroking prenatal education\”… Whether and how helpful these forms of prenatal education are to brain development require further scientific development for verification. 01 Prenatal education actually affects pregnant mothers. So far, no scientific research can prove that stimulation of the uterus will improve the baby\’s intelligence. The advantage of the uterus is to provide the fetus with a dark, moist, warm, solid and quiet environment, avoiding various external stimuli, and providing the best environment for the early brain development of the fetus. The fetus spends most of its time sleeping, an active process of brain, body and psychological development. Long-term stimulation, such as touching the belly anytime and anywhere, talking to the fetus, listening to music for a long time, etc., will disrupt the natural development pattern of the fetus and be harmful to the development of the fetal brain. Therefore, prenatal care during pregnancy should adhere to the basic principles of being quiet and allowing the fetus to develop naturally. Prenatal education of the baby affects the physical and mental state of the pregnant mother. By changing the emotional and mental state of the pregnant mother, it affects the secretion of hormones and related neurotransmitters in the body, thereby indirectly affecting the brain development of the fetus. Pregnant mothers are in a good mental state and have sufficient oxygen supply to the placenta, which is helpful to promote the development of the fetus. Prenatal education can make pregnant mothers feel happy, promote parent-child relationship, and help relieve anxiety. 02 Seize the golden period of baby’s brain development Looking at prenatal education from the perspective of brain science, Moli recommends that “smart parenting” should seize the golden period of baby’s brain development. During the golden period of brain development, neuron synapses that can help the baby\’s brain develop increase explosively at the age of 3 and reach their peak at the age of 6. Research data from developmental psychology shows that the weight of a baby\’s brain at birth is 350-400 grams, which is 25% of the adult brain weight. The brain weight increases most rapidly in the first year, reaching 50% of the mature stage; the brain weight of a 2-3 year old is Reaching 75% of the mature stage, by the age of 5, the baby\’s brain capacity has basically developed to 90%. The peak period of baby\’s brain development is \”late pregnancy to 6 years old\”, which can be divided into three major stages: The baby\’s brain starts to develop rapidly from the first trimester (0-12 weeks). The second trimester of pregnancy (13-28 weeks) is the second stage of brain cell proliferation. The growth of the baby\’s brain cells and nerve fibers causes the brain weight to continue to increase. The 30th week of pregnancy is the third stage of rapid proliferation of brain cells, mainly the formation of nerve cells, which develop mutual connections to conduct excitatory signals of nerve cells. The more sensitive the signal conduction, the smarter the baby! Moli advocates a \”smart parenting\” attitude. Pregnant mothers should not only pay attention to eating and resting rules, go to bed early, get up early and take naps, but also pay attention to prenatal education during pregnancy, which can stimulate the brain development of the fetus to a certain extent. 03 Several common prenatal education methods \”Music Prenatal Education\”: use sound waves to stimulate the nerve function of the fetus\’s auditory organs and stimulate the rapid development of the right brain synapses of the brain. The intensity of prenatal education music should not exceed 60 decibels and the frequency should not exceed 2000 Hz. late pregnancyThe fetus can form its own biological clock based on changes in external light and the mother\’s work and rest habits. Excessive stimulation will disrupt the biological clock of the fetus and even damage its sensory system. Data show that due to the lack of tools to measure sound intensity and frequency in families, there have been reports at home and abroad of sound stimulation damaging the hearing of newborns. Moli suggests that it can be implemented in a planned manner starting from 12 weeks of pregnancy. Pay attention to choosing music with a soft and soothing rhythm. Music that is more stimulating is not suitable. Be careful not to place microphones such as mobile phones on the pregnant mother\’s belly, as this may damage the fetus\’s hearing. It is safer to place them 1-1.5 meters away from the pregnant mother\’s belly. [The most complete and best sound quality in history] 32 sets of 100 must-listen late-pregnancy music for prenatal education for free. The most suitable music for prenatal education is alpha (alpha) wave music. When the human body is relaxed, the brain is active, and inspiration is constant, alpha brain waves are derived. Pregnant mothers can sing to their babies to give them sensory and emotional satisfaction; when their babies hear their favorite sounds, they will also feel happy. Research on musical prenatal education by the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine shows that prenatal education music can calm and relax pregnant women, and can lead to a series of physiological changes along with their emotions, such as a decrease in placental circulation resistance and an increase in the amount of blood perfusing the placenta. , thus helping to increase the supply of nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. This is the reason why prenatal education works: if the mother is happy, the baby will naturally grow better. \”Language prenatal education\”: Starting from the 4th to 5th month of pregnancy, pregnant mothers can talk to the fetus kindly and gently at regular intervals every day. Each time should not be too long, 1-3 minutes is enough. There is no limit to the content of the speech, and the method can be greetings, chatting, telling stories, reciting poems, singing, etc. The principle is to be relaxed, simple and bright, and start and end with the same words every time to deepen the memory of the baby. Moli suggested that expectant fathers also participate in language prenatal education. The deep, rich voice of expectant fathers will give the fetus a different feeling. Psychologists point out that expectant fathers who speak more to the fetus can not only increase the love between husband and wife and share family happiness, but also convey the love of parents to the fetus and promote his emotional development. \”Caressing Prenatal Education\”: Caressing the pregnant mother\’s belly will induce certain conditioned reflexes in the fetus, stimulate the fetus\’s enthusiasm for activities, form good tactile stimulation, and promote the coordinated development of brain functions. Pay attention to stroking for 5-10 minutes each time, with gentle and natural movements and appropriate force. Please note that care is not suitable for prenatal care during early pregnancy and near the expected date of delivery. Pregnant mothers with a history of adverse births, irregular uterine contractions, abdominal pain, threatened abortion or threatened premature delivery are also not suitable for care for prenatal care to prevent accidents.

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