• Wed. Feb 21st, 2024

Excessive eye mucus, ear scratching, startling while sleeping, white spots on fingers, are these trivial things or illnesses?

Only after becoming a parent do you know how difficult it is to raise a child. In addition to taking care of the daily needs of food, drink, and toilet, you also have to worry about whether the baby is feeling well and whether there is any discomfort. My baby\’s eyes have been getting gums recently, and he likes to scratch his ears when he has nothing to do. He also has small white spots on his fingernails, and he always wakes up when he sleeps… Do other children also have these, or is it just my own? Is this the case with babies? There won\’t be anything wrong with the baby, right? Lack of trace elements? Calcium deficiency? Zinc deficiency? The more I talked, the more worried I became, what happened to the baby? ? 1. Excessive eye excrement In babies, the tear system will gradually develop during the first 3 to 4 years after birth. At this time, the eyes need to produce enough tears to protect the surface of the eyeball. Although the baby looks tearful, he still cannot produce enough tears to \”cry out\”. Many babies are born with tear production disorder, that is, nasolacrimal duct obstruction, which is a common disease in newborn babies and young children. May cause excessive tear production in one or both eyes, with the tears running down the cheeks instead of passing through the nasolacrimal duct into the nose and throat. Because the tears are not drained properly, the baby may have excessive eye feces, and his eyes may be covered with yellowish or white secretions when he wakes up early. In severe cases, infections such as red eye or conjunctivitis may occur. Normally, most babies\’ blocked tear ducts will resolve on their own between 6 and 9 months old. During this period, you can use a warm, clean cotton towel to help your baby remove secretions, and then massage the lower part of the inner canthus of the eye (under the inner corner of the eye) with your hands. The root of the bridge of the nose) to promote the smooth flow of the nasolacrimal duct. Before the nasolacrimal duct opens, the baby\’s tears will always exist. It is generally not recommended to use antibiotic eye drops for treatment. If massage doesn\’t work or you find that your baby\’s eyes are red and swollen and appear to be infected, you should consider seeing a doctor. Nasolacrimal duct obstruction is a common symptom in babies, and it has nothing to do with lack of nutrients or internal heat. Babies under 6 months old should not be given any tea other than milk. 2. Babies with pulled ears are very curious about everything because they have just come to this world, and they even want to taste their own little feet. But sometimes the small movements don’t look so normal, such as pulling the ears. Sometimes the baby will grab his ears hard and pull them out. In severe cases, he may even be scratched and bleed. After the parents stop him, he will pat his head again. The baby does this What happened? In this situation, there are generally several possibilities, and you can look at them in order based on your baby\’s condition. (1) As the baby\’s curiosity develops, one day they suddenly discover that there is an organ called \”ear\”. Of course, in the baby\’s eyes, it may be a toy, so they start to grab, pull, and put their fingers into the ear to pick at it. These are just Normal behavior for babies to explore their bodies. However, if the baby pulls or even scratches his ears all day long, parents need to stop the baby in time, play some games with the baby, spend more time with the baby, and divert their attention from the ears. (2) Ear infection Ear infection (acute otitis media) may cause ear pain in babies. The main symptoms are: unwillingness to lie down, grumpy and crying when lying down; water or pus flowing out of the ear; irritability, different moods Unusual crying or screaming; not liking to nurse; keeping pulling on one ear, etc. generallyEar infections will heal on their own within 1 to 2 weeks even without artificial intervention. However, if the baby has severe ear pain and crying, pus or bloody discharge from the ears, a cold or other infections, etc. You should seek medical treatment. To ease your baby\’s discomfort, place a warm, wet washcloth over your baby\’s ears. In order to prevent ear infections in babies, parents need to establish good hygiene habits, such as washing hands frequently, not sharing tableware, not being exposed to second-hand smoke, not coming into contact with sick people, etc. (3) Auricle eczema When the baby is found to scratch his ears frequently, parents also need to carefully observe the skin of the baby\’s outer ears, behind the ears and neck to see if there are small spots or mottled rashes, which is what we often say of eczema. For mild eczema, you can apply some moisturizers such as Yumeijing. For moderate to severe eczema, you can use weak hormone ointments such as 1% hydrocortisone and Udra, as well as the homemade topical dexamethasone ointment from the Children\’s Hospital. When medical treatment is inconvenient, you can also use mild, non-irritating moisturizer to dilute the weak hormone ointment. The dilution ratio is usually 1:1. When using weak topical hormones, the medication can be stopped as soon as the symptoms disappear, and there is no need to gradually withdraw the medication. After the hormone medication is stopped, continue to apply moisturizer every day as a preventive measure. (4) The inner ear is not fully developed. Babies under 6 months old have imperfect inner ear balance receptors. When sitting on shaking toys or traveling in a car, they may experience ear discomfort, resulting in crying, nausea, retching, and scratching. Ear-pulling behavior. As the baby grows up, this phenomenon will slowly disappear. In addition, parents can also take their babies to play some balance-training games, such as seesaws, merry-go-rounds, etc., which can promote the development and maturity of the baby\’s ear canal. (5) Teething Teething is also one of the important reasons why babies pull their ears. When a baby has swollen gums, small tooth cusps in the swollen gum tissue, and the surface blood vessels around the tooth cusps are affected by swelling, it means teething is about to begin. Babies at this time may pull or dig at their ears to relieve the pain and pressure of teething. At this time, parents can use gauze dipped in cold water to gently wipe the baby\’s gums every day, and give the baby a molar teether to divert the baby\’s attention. 3. Sleep startles. Sometimes the baby is sleeping well, but suddenly wakes up when the adults leave, or starts and opens his hands in his crib, causing him to cry. This is because the sleep time of babies is different from that of adults. Generally, newborn babies sleep 20-22 hours a day; babies aged 1-2 months sleep about 18 hours a day; babies aged 3 months usually sleep about 16 hours. , can have more time to communicate with parents, can turn their heads, and kick the quilt; after 6 months, babies usually sleep for 12-14 hours, and then slowly decrease. Moreover, babies usually need to go through light sleep before they can really fall asleep, and they need to be cared for by adults to fall asleep. A baby\’s sleep cycle is shorter than that of an adult, and the duration of shallow sleep is longer. At this time, it will sometimes appear that it is easy to fall asleep, but the sleep is not deep and it is easy to wake up; sometimes it is not easy to fall asleep, but once asleep, it is not easy to wake up; and sometimes it is neither easy to fall asleep nor deep sleep. The phenomenon. only deep sleepAt this time, the baby will be quiet, his face and limbs will be relaxed, his breathing will be very even, and he will occasionally snore. In light sleep, the entire sleep process is not quiet. Whether in deep sleep or light sleep, babies will have a startle reflex. In light sleep, some very slight sounds can cause the baby to jump suddenly. In deep sleep, even if there are occasional jumps or mouth movements, the baby is still completely resting. The startle reflex is most common in babies less than 3 months old and usually disappears within 3 to 5 months. The main manifestation is that the baby is suddenly stimulated, with arms straightened, fingers spread, back stretched or bent, head tilted back, legs straight, and arms hugging each other. 4. White spots on fingers Sometimes when trimming the baby\’s nails, we will find that there are white spots or small white spots on the baby\’s nails. Then I checked on the Internet, and some people said it was because the baby lacked certain elements, and others said it was because there were bugs in the baby\’s belly, which showed up on the nails. The frightened parents quickly held the baby\’s hand, but in fact, the white spots on the baby\’s nails were caused by the active baby knocking himself. As long as the white spots slowly grow with the nails, trim them off when they move to the edges of the nails. It has nothing to do with what trace elements the baby lacks.

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