How to care for a newborn baby

A newborn baby is basically a little life that only knows how to sleep all day long. He (she) is indifferent to everything happening around him (she). Apart from crying to make requests to the parents who take care of him (her), it is difficult for him (her) to express himself with physical movements. Facing the \”little pink ball\” lying in swaddling clothes, many new parents don\’t know how to take good care of him? Every baby is the \”darling\” of his parents. Taking good care of a newborn is a science. In addition to paying attention to his eating, dressing, sleeping and cleaning, there are many details that require parents to pay extra attention to. Today we will learn how to take care of a newborn baby. Newborn baby care encyclopedia download ultra-clear epub physical condition of the first month of the newborn period: the period from birth to the 28th day is the newborn period. At this stage, the baby\’s physical growth is relatively rapid. Because newborns consume less food in 2 to 4 days after birth and excrete relatively more water through the skin and lungs, their weight will decrease, and will return to the level at birth in 7 to 10 days. Next, the baby\’s weight will increase by about 150 grams per week, and the baby\’s weight will increase by about 1 kilogram at the full moon. Attached below is the normal range of your baby\’s physical development in the first month. You can see if your baby\’s development is within the normal range. How to take care of a newborn baby? To achieve \”One Persistence, Three More, Three Diligences, and Four Don\’ts\”, when taking care of a newborn baby, what details should parents do in the key points of raising them? By following the principles of \”One Persistence, Three More, Three Diligences, and Four Don\’ts\”, your baby will sleep soundly and grow well. Let’s take a closer look at how to do every detail. 1. Persistence: Breastfeeding. Breast milk is the most ideal and suitable natural food for newborns. Breast milk is rich in nutrients, including a large amount of high-quality protein, essential amino acids and lactose, fats, minerals, vitamins and a large number of natural antibodies, which are very beneficial to the growth and development of newborns. It is recommended that every mother who has the conditions insist on breastfeeding. According to the recommendations of the World Health Organization, babies should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months. During the newborn period, breastfeed on demand and feed the baby as long as he wants. In the first month, the baby is basically fed once every 1-2 hours. After the full month, the feeding interval can be gradually extended to 3-4 hours. If a newborn can get enough breast milk, he will sleep peacefully, wake up peacefully and happily, and gain weight regularly. Three more: sleep more, touch more, and bask in the sun more. [Sleep more] There is a folk saying: \”Newborns grow up in sleep.\” This is because newborns sleep for 18 to 22 hours a day. Only briefly awake. Newborns secrete growth hormone during sleep, which is very beneficial to the growth and development of the baby. Therefore, sleep is an important indicator to evaluate whether a newborn\’s life is regular. Whether a newborn can sleep peacefully is crucial to its healthy growth. Parents should try their best to let their newborns sleep as much as possible and not play with them for too long. In order to ensure the sleeping time of newborn babies, parents should create a quiet and comfortable sleeping environment for their babies. When the baby is sleepy, parents can put the baby on the bed, gently pat his shoulder and make an \”oooh\” sound; or put the baby on one sideOr press your arms on his chest to maintain the position in the womb, so that he will feel safe and fall asleep quickly. [Multi Touch] Touching the newborn can enhance the close contact between mother and baby, increase the baby\’s immunity, promote the baby\’s intellectual development, and stabilize the baby\’s emotions. So, how to touch a newborn baby specifically? See the details as follows: ① Preparation for touching: First adjust the room temperature to 22~26℃, and prepare towels, diapers, replacement clothes, and baby oil. When a mother touches her baby, she should wash her hands, apply baby oil on her palms and rub them to warm them, play some soft music, and talk to her baby while touching her. ② Touching time: The touching time is 1 to 3 times a day, starting from 5 minutes each time and gradually increasing to 15 minutes each time. It is more suitable to touch after taking a bath, between feedings, or when the baby is emotionally stable. ③ Things to note when stroking your baby: Do not touch your baby when he is overly hungry, full, or overtired. When touching the baby, the mother\’s intensity should be adjusted according to the baby\’s feelings. The intensity should be moderate and not too hard. When holding the baby\’s head with both hands, pay attention to the safety of the baby\’s spine and neck. During the touching process, you should pay attention to the steady and accurate technique, always keep one hand in contact with the baby\’s skin, talk to the baby while talking, and maintain physical contact and emotional communication with the baby. [Get more sunbathing] When your baby is about 3 weeks old, you can hold your baby and bask in the sun on the balcony. Exposure to the sun can help your baby replenish vitamin D, thereby promoting the absorption of calcium in the body. It can also speed up the metabolism of your baby\’s skin and body. Therefore, it is necessary for parents to let their babies spend more time in the sun. So, how to take your baby to bask in the sun correctly? Do not expose the baby\’s head and face directly. The best time to bask in the sun in winter is from 9 to 11 a.m. and from 3 to 4 p.m. In summer, it’s best to go before 10 a.m. or after 4 p.m. In the first 2 to 3 days, you can bask in the sun from your toes to your knees for about 5 to 10 minutes; then you can gradually increase the time and range of the sun to about 15 to 20 minutes. If your baby feels uncomfortable while basking in the sun, stop immediately. Three things: bathe frequently, change diapers frequently, and cut nails frequently. Bathing frequently can not only clean the skin, but also accelerate blood circulation, which is very beneficial to the growth and development of the baby. Bathe your baby every day. The number of baths per day varies depending on the season. In summer, you can wash your baby 1 to 2 times a day, and in winter, you can wash your baby 1 to 2 times a week. When bathing your baby, you should pay attention to the room temperature and water temperature. The room temperature should be kept at 24℃~28℃, and the water temperature should be 37℃~38℃. [Change diapers frequently] The skin of newborn babies is very delicate. If it is irritated by urine and feces containing acid and alkali, it is easy for \”red butt\” to appear. When breast milk is sufficient, newborns urinate more than 6 times a day. Exclusively breastfed babies have 5 to 6 bowel movements per day, while formula-fed babies have 1 to 2 bowel movements per day. Parents should change their babies\’ diapers frequently and wipe their baby\’s \”little butt\” with warm water after each bowel movement to ensure that the newborn is comfortable, clean and away from \”red butt\”. [Cut nails frequently] New mothers often say that their baby’s nails are too long.It’s easy to accidentally scratch yourself. It is true that newborn\’s nails grow very quickly, and parents should trim the baby\’s nails short and smooth to prevent him from scratching himself. In the first few weeks, prune twice a week. So, how to trim your baby\’s nails? From my personal experience, it is best to choose when the baby is lying quietly on the bed and sleeping soundly after taking a bath. When we cut our baby\’s nails, we should choose baby-specific nail clippers. Because baby nail clippers are specially designed to suit the shape and size of your baby\’s nails. Four Don’ts: Don’t cover the heat, don’t hit the fontanel, don’t let your belly button get wet, don’t kiss [Don’t cover the heat] Parents often worry that their newborn babies will catch cold, so they wear thick clothes and cover their babies with thick quilts. It is necessary to keep the baby properly warm, but do not keep it too warm or cover it for too long, otherwise it is easy to cause neonatal fever syndrome. Parents should keep their babies warm properly, such as by adjusting the room temperature to keep their babies warm. At the same time, they should ensure that newborns can breathe fresh air at all times. [Don’t hit the fontanel] The fontanel of a newborn baby is the most sensitive and “delicate” part of the baby. The anterior fontanel of newborns is the weakest, without the protection of bone fragments, and the brain tissue is directly underneath. Therefore, the baby\’s fontanel must not be touched casually. Don\’t press or hit it hard, otherwise it may cause damage to the brain. [Don’t let the belly button get wet] Before the umbilical cord falls off, make sure the umbilical cord and its roots are dry and don’t get wet. In particular, the diaper should not cover the umbilicus to prevent the umbilical wound from getting wet after urination. After the baby takes a bath, use a clean, soft cotton towel to gently dry the skin around the umbilical cord, and then use 75% ethanol to disinfect the umbilical cord and root skin. [Don’t kiss the baby] Many new parents, when they see their cute little angel, can’t help but kiss the baby’s face or mouth. There are many ways to express love to your baby. For newborn babies, never use kissing. This is because when kissing a baby, parents are likely to pass on the germs and viruses in their mouths, especially those spread through the respiratory tract, to their babies. The above are the key points of the development and care of babies in the newborn period. As long as parents take care of these details, the baby will sleep soundly, grow well, and be in good health. Have you done these details?

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