A 6-month-old baby boy with congenital malformations caught a cold. During treatment, the doctor heard that the child had a heart problem. For the first time, the family heard the names of conditions such as Barlow\’s syndrome and valvular agenesis. Hearing the complicated name of the disease, the whole family was enveloped in sadness. They ran around in order for the child to recover. Fortunately, after expert consultation and a five-hour operation, the baby\’s operation was successful. The baby\’s mother asked the doctor countless times why her child had such a disease, and the doctor\’s answer suddenly made her realize! The harm of congenital heart disease There are many causes of congenital heart disease, genetic factors only account for about 8%, and 92% are caused by environmental factors. For example, women taking drugs during pregnancy, infected with viruses, environmental pollution, radiation, etc., will all cause abnormal fetal heart development. . Especially infection with rubella virus in the first 3 months of pregnancy will sharply increase the risk of congenital heart disease in the child. Physical damage: Children with congenital heart disease will develop cyanosis. Cyanosis indicates lack of oxygen, which is not conducive to the development of the brain and the development of the whole body. In addition, common congenital heart diseases such as atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and patent ductus arteriosus. With these defects, in addition to normal blood flow, the heart also receives blood flow from the defective site, which increases the burden on the heart and can seriously heart failure occurs. Psychological harm In addition to causing the above physical harm, congenital heart disease can also cause psychological harm to children. Congenital heart disease can cast a shadow on the happy life of the family and cause varying degrees of psychological damage to the children. Trauma affects children\’s physical and mental health and can cause serious personality defects. Causes of Congenital Heart Disease According to doctors, there are many causes of congenital heart disease. Genetic factors only account for about 8%, and 92% are caused by environmental factors. For example, women taking drugs during pregnancy, contracting viruses, environmental pollution, radiation, etc., will all affect the fetus. Abnormal heart development. Especially infection with rubella virus in the first 3 months of pregnancy will sharply increase the risk of congenital heart disease in the child. The baby\’s mother suddenly realized that she was indeed infected with the virus in the first trimester of pregnancy. After a week of drug struggle, she successfully passed the test, and she even asked for two weeks of leave! Genetic factors take trisomy 21 as an example. About 50% of patients with this disease are accompanied by congenital heart disease. Intimal cushion defect and ventricular septal defect account for 32% and 29% respectively, followed by atrial septal defect accounting for 11%. , tetralogy of Fallot accounted for 7.9%, and terminal ductus arteriosus accounted for 6.7%. Simple atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and tetralogy of Fallot are mostly polygenic. The risk of recurrence in the siblings and children of those with preexisting disease is about 4%. Environmental factors include the environment in which a woman is preparing for pregnancy and during pregnancy, including her living and working environment. Environmental factors include chemical factors and physical factors. Chemical factors are mainly long-term exposure to harmful chemicals, including harmful gases such as benzene and sulfur dioxide, and heavy metals such as mercury and cadmium. Therefore, pregnant women should avoid living in newly renovated houses, avoid exposure to chemical factors, and strengthen protection. The main physical factor is radiation, because radiation has a pathogenic effect on the human body and a teratogenic effect on the fetus. Disease drug factors according to some analysis from medical researchThe results showed that drug and disease factors mainly included maternal alcoholism, maternal aspirin use in early pregnancy, taking tetracycline drugs, taking birth control pills, and having rubella and colds. These are high-risk factors for congenital heart disease in children. Therefore, mothers should try to avoid using drugs during pregnancy, especially in the first trimester, and prohibit high-risk drugs. This should be the mainstay of primary prevention of congenital heart disease. Mothers should also avoid colds, rubella, measles and other bacterial and viral infections in early pregnancy, because bacterial and viral infections can also cause fetal development abnormalities and congenital heart disease. How to reduce the incidence of congenital heart disease 01. Pregnant women should avoid living in newly renovated houses and avoid exposure to chemical factors; 02. Pregnant women should avoid exposure to radioactive substances and avoid living in an environment with strong electromagnetic waves; 03. Through chromosome examination and pregnancy Genetic testing to rule out the possibility of fetal congenital heart disease; 04. Pregnant women should also avoid colds and bacterial and viral infections such as rubella and measles. Once they catch a cold or become infected with rubella or measles, they should consult a professional doctor in time and do not take random doses. drug. 05. Early pregnancy (5 weeks to 8 weeks) is an important period for fetal heart development. When a pregnant woman discovers that the fetus has a congenital heart malformation such as ventricular septal defect during the pregnancy test, she should consider timely surgical intervention after the child is born. If the malformation It is seriously recommended that induction of labor is the best option. Birth defects seriously endanger the baby\’s health. Start by doing things around you to reduce the incidence of fetal malformations.