• Wed. Feb 21st, 2024

Precautions for newborn care [with video tutorial on newborn care]

Parents must be very happy to welcome the arrival of a new life. But for first-time parents, you may encounter all kinds of problems and have no idea how to start. Especially in the days after you are discharged from the hospital around 5 days after birth, you can truly experience being a novice. It is not easy to be a parent, including various newborn care precautions that are worth learning. Only by practicing during the learning process, we will have a deep understanding and learn some newborn care methods. Today, Doudehui will share with new parents the precautions for newborn care, and also find a very useful tutorial for you, a newborn care video tutorial! What are the precautions for newborn care? Newborns have delicate skin and weak resistance. When taking a shower, do not scrub too hard on the armpits, neck, groin and other folds, do not use soap or highly alkaline toiletries, and dry them after washing. If you find pustules, boils, etc., seek medical attention promptly. Change diapers immediately when they get wet to avoid irritating the skin and causing diaper dermatitis. Shirts and diapers should be soft and highly absorbent. It is best not to wrap them with plastic sheets or rubber sheets (to avoid excessive humidity in the buttocks). The development and maturity of newborns mainly depends on three aspects: gestational age, weight and length. Most of what we see every day are full-term newborns, that is, newborns born between 38 and 42 weeks of gestation, weighing 2,500 grams or more, or 45 centimeters tall. In addition, premature babies, immature babies, full-term babies, under-mature babies, macrosomia, post-term babies, etc. can also be seen. The first four types of newborns are collectively called low birth weight babies because their birth weight is less than 2500 grams. They have poor adaptability to the external environment, often have low body temperatures and cold limbs, so they should keep warm. You can wrap the hot water bottle in a towel and place it on the child\’s sides and feet across the quilt to keep the body temperature at 36~37°C. Change diapers gently and quickly to avoid catching a cold, and do not take a bath for the time being. It is best to keep the room temperature at 22~24℃. If the air is too dry, sprinkle some water on the ground. At the same time, avoid too much contact between relatives and friends and children to prevent infection. It is best for such children to be breastfed. For those with poor sucking ability, the method should be adopted multiple times and in small amounts, once every 2 to 3 hours. Breast milk can also be expressed and fed with a small dropper, but choking or overflowing of milk should be prevented. After feeding, let the child lie on his right side or raise his head slightly. Macrosomia refers to a normally developing baby with a birth weight of more than 4,000 grams. Postterm babies refer to newborns born after 42 weeks of gestation, some of which are macrosomia. However, \”big melons do not necessarily mean ripeness\”, and the care and feeding of such children cannot be ignored. Moreover, due to their heavier weight, macrosomia infants require relatively more nutrients and need to be supplemented in time. At the same time, it is necessary to avoid the occurrence of indigestion. After the child is born, the umbilical cord should be checked for bleeding within 24 hours. Check the umbilical cord every day and keep it clean and dry. If there is secretion, you can first use 2% iodine, and then use 75% ethanol cotton balls to scrub and disinfect without bandaging. If you find putrid-smelling discharge or redness and swelling around the umbilicus, it is a sign of umbilical infection.If symptoms occur, you should seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Some newborns have enlarged breasts. This is affected by the endocrine hormones in the mother\’s blood and is a normal physiological phenomenon. Do not squeeze the breasts to avoid infection. Some newborns have thickened buccal fat pads (commonly known as mantis mouth) or accumulation of epithelial cells in the gums (commonly known as horse teeth). These are physiological phenomena and should not be picked or rubbed casually. Because the oral mucosa of newborns is extremely rich in blood vessels, once damaged, bacteria can invade the blood and sepsis can easily occur and be life-threatening. Related reading: Comprehensive video tutorials on massage for common diseases in children [cold, fever, diarrhea, cough] After the newborn is born, you can start to let it suck the nipple, and then feed on demand, not at a regular time. After feeding, place the child on the right side, and then lie down again after half an hour to avoid suffocation caused by spitting up milk. After a fetus is born, there is a thick coating on the tongue. People often wrap their fingers in white cloth to wipe the child\’s mouth and tongue coating. Because the cloth is hard and not sterilized, it will scratch the delicate oral mucosa, allowing bacteria to take advantage of it and easily lead to stomatitis and even sepsis. Therefore, do not wipe the mouth and tongue coating of newborns. After the newborn came home from the maternity hospital, everyone was happy, and relatives and friends came to visit and congratulate her. As everyone knows, the coming and going of people is detrimental to the mother\’s rest and the newborn baby. All parts of the newborn\’s body are very delicate, and their ability to adapt to the external environment is poor, and their resistance is also weak. In particular, the development of the respiratory tract is immature, and the trachea is short and narrow, making it prone to infection. Because among the visitors, it is inevitable that they will carry various germs. These germs do not cause illness in adults, but are harmful to newborns. Newborns are often seriously ill and sometimes even life-threatening, so contact between newborns and outsiders should be minimized. Doudehui believes that if you can read the above newborn care precautions carefully and carefully, you will definitely have a preliminary understanding. Now let us learn the actual operation process together – newborn care video tutorial , Doudehui recommends that you read it a few times and then practice it, so that you can learn it all in just a few times. In fact, this is also an opportunity for us parents to learn and improve ourselves. Newborn care video tutorial: Link: http://pan.baidu.com/s/1c1zZK5q The verification code is universal across the Internet! Please scan the QR code on the right via WeChat or search \”Doudehui\” on WeChat and follow the public account, reply \”399\” and follow the prompts.

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