Preparing for pregnancy requires blocking rubella virus infection, one of the top ten infectious diseases

Rubella is a respiratory infectious disease caused by rubella virus infection. The incubation period is generally 10 to 21 days. In addition to the appearance of patches of red rash spots, symptoms such as low or moderate fever, loss of appetite, headache, sore throat, and runny nose may also appear 1 to 2 days before the rash appears. Rubella is very harmful to adults. It is not very harmful to children, but it is very harmful to the fetus, which can lead to miscarriage, stillbirth or fetal malformation. The harm of rubella virus to the fetus is related to the time of infection. Generally, the earlier the infection, the greater the harm. Infection in the first 3 months of pregnancy can almost always cause infection of multiple organs of the fetus, leading to stillbirth. According to statistics, within 8 weeks of pregnancy, the spontaneous abortion rate reaches 20%. Infection around the 12th week of pregnancy can cause fetal death. Defects in the heart, eyes, and auditory nerves occur.

Blocking method:

(1) Currently There is no effective treatment for rubella virus. The main focus on rubella virus is prevention. Because people who have had rubella can acquire lasting immunity, they will no longer be infected by the rubella virus. Rubella virus vaccination can play a very good preventive role. Therefore, women of childbearing age can receive live attenuated rubella virus vaccine before pregnancy, especially those with negative anti-rubella virus antibody test results, to gain lifelong immunity.

(2) It is recommended to vaccinate against rubella virus 6 months before pregnancy so that the body has enough time to eliminate the harmful effects of the vaccine virus and produce corresponding antibodies.

(3) Before vaccination, be sure that women of childbearing age are not pregnant and do not plan to become pregnant within 3 months to avoid infection of the embryo by the live attenuated virus in the vaccine.

(4) Women of childbearing age who want to become pregnant should try to avoid crowded and noisy public places, especially crowded places with poor ventilation, to prevent infection.

This article is provided by Baidu Reading and is excerpted from \”Three Months Before Pregnancy – Pregnancy Preparation Period\” Author: Wang Liru

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