Pure stuff! A complete list of precautions during pregnancy, either memorized or tattooed

Pregnancy is a period full of expectations and excitement. Although Tao Ma has experienced two pregnancies, she still has all kinds of worries. \”What should I do if problems arise during pregnancy?\” \”The baby must be healthy~\” \”What should I do if it becomes difficult to give birth?\” Now Taoma just wants to say to expectant mothers that those doubts and worries are completely normal. And most of them are unnecessary. Don’t label yourself with prenatal depression. All you have to do is relax, take a deep breath, take care of yourself, get enough rest and exercise appropriately, and do a good job. Prenatal care and balanced nutritional intake can directly benefit the fetus. Taoma has summarized some precautions during pregnancy and shared them with expectant mothers. It is full of useful information~ Precautions during pregnancy 1: The dangers of smoking are said to be \”disease comes from the mouth\”. What you eat, drink and inhale during pregnancy Everything will enter the fetus and directly affect the growth and development of the fetus. Smoking may cause fetal growth retardation. Some studies have confirmed that pregnant women who smoke or passively smoke during pregnancy are prone to premature birth and may even suffer from sudden infant death syndrome ( SIDS), which causes learning disabilities, respiratory disorders and heart disease when they grow up. Taoma reminds: Moms and dads who have the habit of smoking should quit smoking for the sake of their babies. Try to stay away from smoking people and avoid becoming a passive smoker. Dads, just take over all the housework. You have to know that pregnancy is very hard. Take good care of your pregnant wife~~ Pregnancy Precautions 2: Some of the dangers of drinking alcohol can even cause fetal malformations, such as: alcohol and drug. The American Academy of Pediatrics has a clear view that drinking alcohol during pregnancy is a major cause of birth defects, intellectual disability and other developmental problems in newborns. Some forms of drinking (including alcoholic beverages) should be completely avoided during pregnancy. What are alcoholic beverages? Previously, there was a viral rumor on Weibo [After a driver in Zhejiang drank two bottles of kvass drinks, his breath was detected to contain alcohol during a traffic police inspection. 】Through the reporter\’s test, within 2 minutes of drinking kvass drinks, Red Bull, Master Kong\’s red plum and other drinks, the alcohol content was measured in the mouth at 5 to 20mg/100ml, and the value was 0 when measured again. Taoma reminds: For the health of the fetus, decisively quit drinking all drinks. Because drinks contain too much sugar and many food additives, which are not conducive to fetal development. Pregnancy Precautions 3: Harm of Drugs During pregnancy, do not take other drugs or supplements without authorization, except those specifically recommended by your doctor (such as folic acid) and supplements. Nowadays, many people have the habit of taking various vitamins. You must know that high-dose drugs, even vitamins, are very dangerous. The true meaning of complement is balance, and the concept that more means complement is wrong. It has been confirmed that overdose of vitamin A can cause congenital malformations in fetuses. Therefore, even if it is an “all-natural” supplement, you should consult your doctor before taking it. Indispensable nutrients: High-protein fish and shellfish are low in saturated fatty acids and high in (omega-3) fatty acids, making them an essential part of a balanced diet for expectant mothers. specialNote: Do not eat raw fish. Mothers also like to eat sashimi, but pregnant mothers should not eat it because they are likely to contain some parasites or eggs. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends that fish food should be cooked above 60°C before consumption. Note 4 during pregnancy: Exercise About exercise: In addition to paying attention to a reasonable diet, it is recommended to exercise for more than 30 minutes a day during pregnancy, which is good for the health of you and your baby. Exercise can keep you and your baby healthier, put you in a better mood, and help you maintain a healthy weight. Taoma reminds: Pay special attention in the first 3 months, do not exercise excessively, and avoid movements with beating or vibration. Five things to note during pregnancy: Pregnancy check-up time Prenatal check-up items Taoma reminds you to confirm pregnancy at 0 to 5 weeks. When you find that the \”aunt\” who comes regularly every month has not come, and you start to have nausea, vomiting, poor appetite, etc. In this case, you will wonder whether you are pregnant. It is recommended that you go to a drugstore to buy a commercially available pregnancy test strip and test it yourself, or go directly to the obstetrics and gynecology department and ask a specialist to check it for you. 5-6 weeks B-ultrasound to see the number of embryos. Through ultrasound examination, you can roughly see the position of the embryo sac in the uterus. If a pregnant woman does not have vaginal bleeding, she only needs to check the location of the embryo sac to implant. If there is vaginal bleeding, it is usually a symptom of threatened abortion. In addition, the number of embryos can also be seen to determine whether the expectant mother is pregnant with twins. When you listen to the fetal heartbeat for ultrasound examination at 6 to 8 weeks, you can see the embryonic tissue in the embryo sac. If you can see the fetal heartbeat, it means that the fetus is currently in a normal state. In addition, under ultrasound scanning, you can also see the yolk sac that provides nutrition to the fetus until 12 weeks. Chorionic villus sampling at 9 to 11 weeks If the expectant mother has a genetic disease in her family, she can do chorionic villus sampling at 9 to 11 weeks of pregnancy. Because this test is invasive and can often cause miscarriage to pregnant women and fetal injuries, not many people currently do this test. 12 weeks weight and blood pressure measurement, fetal heart rate, urine test, blood draw NT Every expectant mother officially starts her first prenatal check-up at the 12th week of pregnancy. Since it has entered a relatively stable stage at this time, most hospitals will provide mothers with a \”Pregnant Health Handbook\”. How often should pregnant women have prenatal check-ups? Generally speaking, you need to have prenatal check-ups once a month before 28 weeks of pregnancy, every two weeks from 28 to 36 weeks, and once a week after 36 weeks. , but there may be some differences in regulations in different regions and hospitals. Throughout your pregnancy, you may need 10 to 15 prenatal checkups. Time Prenatal check-up items Tao Ma reminds 16-week Down syndrome screening amniocentesis Starting from the second prenatal check-up, expectant mothers must do basic routine check-ups every time, including: weighing, blood pressure measurement, consultation and fetal heartbeat monitoring of the baby wait. Expectant mothers can have their blood drawn for Down syndrome screening when they are over 16 weeks old (But the best time is 16 to 18 weeks), and look at the blood test report of the first prenatal check-up. Detailed B-ultrasound examination at 20 weeks Fetal movement is the third prenatal check-up. Expectant mothers have an ultrasound examination at 20 weeks of pregnancy, mainly to see if there are any major problems with the appearance and development of the fetus. The doctor will carefully measure the fetus\’s head circumference, abdominal circumference, thigh bone length, and examine the spine for congenital abnormalities. 24-week gestational diabetes screening is the fourth prenatal check-up. Most gestational diabetes screening tests are done in the 24th week of pregnancy. First, a blood sample of the expectant mother is taken for a glucose tolerance test. The expectant mother does not need to fast at this time. 28-week hepatitis B antigen virus serum test German measles fifth prenatal check-up. If the expectant mother’s hepatitis B test is positive for both tests, the pediatrician must be informed so that the expectant mother can give birth to the fetus within 24 hours. Newborns are vaccinated to protect them from infections. For women who have been injected with the German measles vaccine, since live bacteria are injected into the body, it is best not to become pregnant within 3 to 6 months after the injection, because it may cause some adverse effects on the fetus. What preparations need to be made before a prenatal check-up? Before each prenatal check-up, you can write down the things you want to ask or the questions you are concerned about in a small book so that you can be prepared to ask the doctor at the next prenatal check-up. For example, before you drink any herbal tea, take a pregnancy supplement, or take an over-the-counter medicine, bring it to your prenatal visit so your doctor can read the product label and tell you whether it can be taken during pregnancy. Starting from 36 weeks, the expectant mother is getting closer and closer to the delivery date. The prenatal check-up done at this time is based on the principle of once a week. Time prenatal check-up items Taoma reminds 29 to 32 weeks of edema to prevent premature birth. The sixth prenatal check-up is at 28 weeks of pregnancy. After 37 weeks, the doctor will continue to check whether there is edema in the expectant mother. In addition, the expectant mother should pay special attention to prevent the occurrence of premature birth before 37 weeks. If the labor pain lasts for more than 30 minutes and continues to increase, and there is vaginal bleeding or water discharge, Must be sent to the hospital for examination immediately. B-ultrasound to assess fetal weight at 33 to 35 weeks is the seventh prenatal check-up. At 34 weeks of pregnancy, it is recommended that the mother-to-be undergo a detailed B-ultrasound to assess the weight and development status of the fetus at that time (for example: a fetus with preeclampsia, will look smaller), and estimate the weight of the fetus at term. Preparing for delivery at 36 weeks Preparing for delivery at 37 weeks Pay attention to fetal movements Since fetal movements are becoming more and more frequent, expectant mothers should always pay attention to the condition of the fetus and themselves to prevent the fetus from being born prematurely. From 38 to 42 weeks, the fetal position is fixed, enters the pelvis, and prepares for delivery. Consider the tenth prenatal check-up. Starting from 38 weeks, the fetal position begins to be fixed, the fetal head has come down, and is stuck in the pelvic cavity. At this time, expectant mothers should be prepared to give birth at any time. Some expectant mothers who still show no signs of labor after 42 weeks should consider asking a doctor to use oxytocin. How to make full use of prenatal check-up time? Most people look forward to every prenatal check-up, but are very disappointed afterward.Except for the first prenatal check-up, the whole process of every prenatal check-up takes less than 10 minutes. But in fact, a faster prenatal check-up process usually means that everything about you is normal.

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