For parents, the most fearful thing is that their children will get sick, but children are weak and prone to getting sick. In fact, some diseases have symptoms before they occur, especially digestive and respiratory diseases that are common in young children. Parents should pay more attention to the small changes in their children, find signs of disease in time, and nip them in the bud; poor mental state. Changes in mental state are often a barometer that reflects the child\’s health. Common Pediatric Diseases and Nursing Class Video Collection 11 Major Signs of Child Sickness Sign 1: Poor mental state Pediatric experts from the Capital Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine said that changes in mental state are often a barometer of a child’s health. Healthy children are full of energy, have bright eyes, and do not cry or make fuss after their needs are met, but sick children often have abnormal emotions. For example, if a child who is usually lively and active suddenly becomes sluggish, or if a child who is usually quiet suddenly becomes restless, is particularly afraid of the cold, always wants to sleep, and has red eyes, this may be a sign of fever, and it is best to see him in time. Doctor, please give your child more water to prevent him from catching a cold. Sign 2: Large mood swings If parents observe carefully, changes in the baby\’s mood can also indicate whether the baby is sick. Healthy babies usually have good complexion, bright eyes, do not cry, noisy or fussy, and are easily satisfied. However, sick babies will behave unusually. If the baby has the following symptoms, parents should be more careful! When babies have a fever, they often show signs of irritability, red complexion, and dry lips; dull eyes, staring straight into the eyes, clenching fists, etc. are often signs of convulsions; weak crying or no crying often indicates a serious condition; unless it is obvious In addition to the signs, the baby may also appear listless, irritable, or prone to tantrums. The baby is emotionally unstable and always fussing and difficult to soothe, which really gives parents a headache. But parents should give their babies more tolerance and understanding at this time. After all, diseases and emotions can affect each other, and the baby\’s bad emotions may aggravate the original illness. Sign 3: Inexplicable continuous crying When children are still young and unable to express discomfort, they often cry to vent their emotions. Therefore, when a child cries inexplicably, parents should be vigilant. Pediatric experts say that if a child feels discomfort anywhere on the body, such as itching, headache, bloating, etc., it may be expressed through crying. If a child cries inexplicably, parents should give the child a simple physical examination to see where the child is feeling uncomfortable. They can also take the child\’s temperature to see if there is a fever. However, it should be reminded that if the child continues to cry, he must go to the hospital for treatment, as acute abdominal diseases such as intestinal obstruction may occur. Sign 4: Sleeping too much or not sleeping well. Normal babies generally fall asleep quickly, sleep peacefully, sleep in a natural posture, breathe evenly, and express themselves freely. If the baby sleeps less, wakes up easily, sleeps restlessly and other abnormal phenomena, it indicates that the disease is quietly occurring. All kinds of pain, such as toothache, headache and neuralgia, etc., can make the baby sleep poorly at night. Itching, gastrointestinal diseases or respiratory diseases can also wake the baby from sleep at night. If the baby is restless before going to bed, kicks the quilt during sleep, or wakes upIf the face is red and the breath is short, the baby may have a fever; if the baby likes to scratch the anus before going to sleep, it may be due to pinworms; if the baby often cries in sleep and is sweating profusely after waking up, If you are easily irritated at ordinary times, you may have rickets; if you constantly chew and grind your teeth before and after going to bed, you may be too excited before going to bed or have a roundworm infection. Sign 5: Restless stirring during sleep and easy to wake up. Traditional Chinese medicine says that \”disharmony in the stomach means restless sleep.\” If the child eats too much, or eats raw, cold, and difficult-to-digest food, it will cause bloating, gastrointestinal discomfort, and make the child sleep at night. Sleeping restlessly, tossing and turning. Various types of pain, such as toothache, headache, and neuralgia, can also cause children to have a bad night\’s sleep. In addition, pediatric experts remind that if a child suddenly sleeps more than usual, for example, does not usually take a nap, and now suddenly needs a nap, or always wants to sleep, it may also be a precursor to illness, and the child should be observed to see if he or she sneezes, Symptoms such as runny nose, cough, and sensitivity to cold. Sign 6: Pale complexion A healthy baby is white, fat, and has a rosy complexion, which is very pleasing to the eye. If the baby\’s face is pale, it may be a sign of illness. For example, when a baby suffers from pneumonia, his face will be pale and accompanied by fever; the face of a baby with heart disease is usually white; if the baby is very weak and sweats a lot, his face will also be very poor. Lack of luster; babies with anemia or blood loss are often accompanied by pale lips and gums in addition to pale faces, which need to be paid attention to by parents. In addition, a baby with a sallow complexion and crying may be a precursor to sepsis. Mothers should be reminded that babies who have just woken up usually don’t look very good and look dazed, but this is just a sign that the baby has not woken up. Mothers must learn to distinguish and don’t worry too much. Sign 7: Poor breathing. Healthy babies usually breathe very evenly, rhythmically, and unhurriedly. The respiratory systems of infants and young children are still in the developmental stage, and respiratory abnormalities may easily occur when they are sick. If the baby\’s breathing becomes thicker, the frequency increases, or fast and slow, and the face becomes red, it may be fever; mouth breathing or frequent deep breathing movements are signs of a stuffy nose; shortness of breath, more than 50 times per minute, nostrils flaring, and around the lips Bruises, sunken intercostal muscles or suprasternal depression during breathing are likely to be caused by pneumonia, respiratory distress syndrome, congenital diaphragm hernia, etc. Parents should not take it lightly. Babies with allergic asthma often present with coughing, difficulty breathing and wheezing. The baby will appear very uncomfortable and may appear to be suffocating. Sign 8: Decreased appetite: Healthy babies eat well, eat on time, and have a relatively stable food intake. But if you find that your baby has a reduced appetite or refuses to eat, it may be a sign that your baby is sick! If the baby usually sucks milk and eats well, but now suddenly refuses milk or is unable to suck, or refuses to eat or eats less, there may be an infection. Peptic ulcer, chronic enteritis, tuberculosis, low liver function, parasitic diseases, ascariasis, hookworm disease, etc. may cause loss of appetite; zinc deficiency, vitamin A or D poisoning may also cause loss of appetite; patients suffering from mumps Baby, here1-2 days before the parotid glands swell, symptoms of general discomfort such as fever, headache, vomiting, and loss of appetite will occur, followed by pain under one or both ears, which means the parotid glands swell; when the baby has a fever, the appetite will also decrease. will decrease accordingly. Parents should be reminded that illness does not necessarily mean a decrease in appetite. Some diseases can also increase the baby\’s appetite. The most typical one is childhood diabetes. People drink and eat more and don\’t eat enough. Even if they eat more, their weight does not rise but falls. This is something mothers need to be more vigilant about! Sign 8: Dry stools. Normally, children have soft stools. If they suddenly have dry stools or loose stools, it may be a sign of disease. If the stool is extremely dry, difficult to pass, and has a strong odor, it means there is undigested food in the intestines, resulting in internal heat and food accumulation. If the internal heat lasts for too long, the child will easily catch a cold and have a fever. At this time, you can give your child more vegetable puree, or take fresh pear juice, white radish water, etc. to clear away heat and relieve constipation. Sign 9: Abnormal stool. The condition of your baby\’s stool is an important indicator of whether your baby is sick. Constipation and diarrhea are both signs that your baby is unwell. 95% of constipation is due to functional causes. This is not an abnormality of the body itself. This problem can usually be solved by giving the baby more vegetables or other high-fiber foods. The cause of pathological diarrhea can be analyzed from the nature of the stool. For example, if a baby passes bright red bloody stool, the bleeding location is mostly in the lower gastrointestinal tract. It may be caused by the stool being too dry and hard, resulting in constipation. It may also be caused by rectal polyps, which are one or several fleshy bumps growing in the intestines and causing the stool to rub out. If the surface is injured, a small amount or a large amount of blood will appear; if the baby consumes a lot of protein, the stool will be very smelly; when enteritis occurs, the stool will be watery or egg drop soup-like; viral enteritis The feces is mostly white rice soup-like or egg-yellow watery sample. Babies with diarrhea should control their food intake so that their intestines can rest properly. Breastfed children should eat less greasy food to avoid indigestion and aggravation of diarrhea. At the same time, wash the baby\’s buttocks with warm water after each defecation, dry it with a towel, and apply some talcum powder. Sign 11. Breath in the mouth Healthy children have fresh breath, pink and clear tongue, and thin white tongue coating. If a child has a sour smell in his breath, has white and thick tongue coating, red lips, excessive eye mucus, and is unwilling to eat, it usually means that there is undigested food in the body and internal heat has occurred, causing food accumulation. The cause of food accumulation is basically caused by eating too much at one time or during a certain period of time. If a child accumulates food for a long time, is unwilling to eat, and does not take in enough nutrients, it will lead to malnutrition and affect growth and development. Pediatric experts said that the child\’s diet should be controlled at this time, and the diet should be light and easy to digest, otherwise it will cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and aggravate indigestion.