The four most important prenatal check-up items during pregnancy

Which prenatal check-ups are very important? These four prenatal check-ups are very important. Pregnant mothers and expectant fathers must remember that they cannot miss the 11-14 weeks prenatal check-up. At this time, they will set up files, do blood tests, Urine routine, electrocardiogram, liver and kidney function, pelvic examination, and the most important NTNT are early ovulation abnormality examination and early Down syndrome screening. Checking the thickness of the fetal nuchal translucency helps us predict whether the baby has a risk of chromosomal abnormalities and whether he will develop cardiovascular disease. If the test is done too early, the fetal zona pellucida has not grown and may not be detected. If the test is done too late, it may be absorbed by the baby and cannot be measured. If you are 12 weeks old, you can do a non-invasive DNA test, which is a very systematic and comprehensive examination. Major deformities at 20-24 weeks. At this time, all the baby\’s organs are basically developed. If there are deformities, we can detect them in time. At this time, the baby is of moderate size and the ultrasound imaging is clear. The B-ultrasound system can be used to check whether the fetus has large structural defects, including the facial features, limbs, and body. The head can be clearly seen: it is ruled out that the baby has hydrocephalus or anencephaly. , microcephaly, strawberry head with trisomy 21 and other abnormalities. Spinal column: spina bifida, spinal mass, abnormal spinal development, etc. Face: fetal cleft lip, cleft palate, facial deformity, partial loss and other abnormal conditions. Limbs: sound limbs, with or without excess. Reducing a certain part of the internal organs: ruling out some congenital diseases, making detailed judgments on the location, size and development of each organ, and ruling out malformations. If you have fetal heart rate, blood vessels, etc., don’t check too late for abnormalities such as hydrops in the kidney, polycystic kidney disease, urethral obstruction, etc. Bring food and drink with you when you go. Sometimes the fetus is sleeping. These can promote fetal movement and facilitate excretion. A comprehensive examination of glucose tolerance at 20-28 weeks. During pregnancy, many people will develop gestational diabetes. According to Chinese standards, the incidence rate is about 10%. This is a relatively high probability if we cannot control it well. Blood sugar, if the baby grows in an environment with relatively high blood sugar, the probability of the baby developing various metabolic diseases will increase in the future. When macrosomia, obesity, and adulthood, the probability and risk of diabetes will increase significantly. This will only appear after pregnancy. , and are not easy to detect. Once they are found, they will have adverse effects on the fetus and the expectant mother. Fast for 8-14 hours in advance. During the procedure, blood was drawn once on an empty stomach, followed by drinking sugar water in five minutes, once an hour later, and again an hour later. You can eat only after the third time. Even after the test, if you can\’t tolerate sugar, you should pay attention to the amount of water you drink every day, pay attention to your daily diet, insist on daily measurements, and choose insulin treatment if necessary. If it is not good, seek medical treatment in time. Summary of 36 weeks In the third trimester of pregnancy, all the previous examinations will be sorted out. From the perspective of the mother\’s overall development of the baby, the current size of the baby, the amount of amniotic fluid, whether the baby is cephalic or breech, and comprehensively assess whether you are suitable for vaginal or cesarean section. Some women may not be suitable for vaginal delivery. If vaginal birth is forced, unpredictable risks will occur. This examination is also very important, including fetal heart rate monitoring, fetal heart rate, internal examination, B-ultrasound, measurement of pelvis, double cervical vertex, etc.Check the baby\’s status at any time and prepare for delivery

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