Doudehui has talked with you about listeria before, and today we will talk about another common virus, which is also a common \”killer\” under the scorching sun. A few days ago, there was a collective food poisoning incident involving hundreds of people at an academic conference dinner, including a newly pregnant woman. In the end, the pregnant mother was unable to save her baby who had been in her belly for just one month. Not only that, many common food poisonings are caused by salmonella infection. What is Salmonella Salmonella is a bacteria that can cause foodborne illness. According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), there are at least 2,300 species of Salmonella, the most common of which are Salmonella Enteritidis and Salmonella Typhimurium. It mainly resides in the intestines and feces of humans and animals. Therefore, this kind of bacteria may be present in various poultry, livestock, seafood, etc. that we usually eat. Although common, the human body also has certain defenses against Salmonella. Usually stomach acid and intestinal bacteria will kill Salmonella before it can invade cells and reproduce. The outcome after infection is related to the virulence of the bacteria and the immune status of the host. Since the resistance of pregnant mothers is low during pregnancy, it is very likely that Salmonella infection will occur due to carelessness in daily diet. Once infected, it is very likely to be harmful to the pregnant mother. pose a threat to the health of the fetus. Therefore, pregnant mothers must pay more attention to the safety of their daily diet. Especially now that the weather is relatively hot, food safety and hygiene cannot be taken lightly! What happens if a pregnant mother is infected with Salmonella? Most people infected with Salmonella will develop diarrhea, fever, nausea and vomiting, dehydration, headache, abdominal cramps, muscle pain and other symptoms 12 to 72 hours after infection. The disease usually lasts 4 to 7 days, and although most people recover without treatment, it is a risk that pregnant women cannot take. 200 Examples of Nutritional Recipes for Pregnant Women for Three Months in Ultra-clear and Full-Color PDF Although Salmonella is less threatening to pregnant mothers than Listeria, it may still cause sepsis and trigger premature delivery or miscarriage. In rare cases, Salmonella can be transmitted to the fetus through the placenta. The most likely scenario is that a pregnant mother infected with Salmonella will expose her baby to Salmonella during delivery, causing the baby to become infected. Although in most cases, Salmonella infection during pregnancy will not have serious consequences for the pregnant mother and the fetus. However, be especially wary of symptoms of dehydration. Dehydration can lead to oligohydramnios and birth defects in the baby, so pregnant mothers must keep plenty of water if they are infected with salmonella. After vomiting or diarrhea, you can drink a sip of water every 10 minutes for at least an hour, and even gradually increase your water intake until vomiting or diarrhea no longer occurs. Secondly, it must be done as soon as possible. Seek professional medical help as early as possible. What foods are likely to harbor salmonella? Because Salmonella is found in the intestines and feces of humans, animals, and birds, most people become infected by eating Salmonella from food or water contaminated with feces. 1According to the Ogilvy Clinic, foods that are susceptible to salmonella infection include: 1. Raw meat, homemadePoultry and seafood: During the slaughtering process of these animals, the edible parts are likely to be contaminated by feces. If the water source in the seafood fishing area has been contaminated by Salmonella in the feces of other animals, the seafood in the waters may also be contaminated. 2. Raw eggs Although eggs are protected by their own hard shell, if the mother hen has been infected with germs, the eggs she lays will also carry salmonella and will still cause infection after eating. 3. Fruits and vegetables: Although fruits and vegetables themselves do not carry salmonella, they are easily contaminated. For example, the water used to wash fruits and vegetables, or even contact with raw meat when cooking or sharing the same cutting board can also cause fruits and vegetables to be contaminated with salmonella. It seems like salmonella is everywhere? Whether it is poultry, beef, mutton or fruits and vegetables, they may carry salmonella. However, the world we live in is surrounded by bacteria. Although there are good and bad bacteria among them, as long as we raise our awareness of prevention, we can avoid infection or kill them in the kitchen before infection occurs. How pregnant mothers can avoid infection 01 Cut off the transmission path Salmonella mainly exists in the intestines and feces. Although we cannot eliminate it from the source, we can cut off its transmission path to avoid further expansion of contamination. Remember to clean your hands after using the bathroom, changing diapers, handling raw meat or poultry, cleaning up pet waste, or touching reptiles or birds. A simple summary is that you should remember to wash your hands well before eating and after using the toilet. Although the salmonella is still there, it will not contaminate the food and continue to spread, and naturally the bacteria will not be introduced through the mouth. Therefore, the key to cutting off transmission routes is to wash your hands well, frequently, and clean thoroughly. Pregnant mothers, don’t be lazy. When washing your hands, do not rinse them casually. Use soap or antibacterial hand sanitizer and wash them for at least 20 seconds. 02 Separate raw and cooked food to prevent cross-contamination and salmonella infection. The kitchen is definitely a disaster area. They can multiply in large quantities in food, such as meat, offal, eggs, milk, goat milk, etc. that are contaminated by pathogens but not cooked thoroughly. Although we may sometimes buy food that is infected with Salmonella, as long as we pay attention to separating raw and cooked food when handling the food, and heat it at high temperatures when eating, we can reduce the chance of being infected with Salmonella. However, if when cooking, raw and cooked food are often mixed together, and meat cutting knives and cutting boards are used to cut vegetables and fruits without washing them, it is easy to cause cross-contamination. Especially when you eat some vegetable salads, vegetables or fruits that are not heated thoroughly, it is easy to eat salmonella together. Therefore, pregnant mothers must remember to separate raw and cooked food. When storing, remember to keep raw meat, poultry and seafood away from other foods. When handling, try to use two cutting boards and two knives. And don\’t put cooked food or fruits and vegetables directly on unwashed plates after holding raw meat. Even the hands that have peeled raw egg shells, and the cutting boards and tableware on which raw egg shells have been placed must be cleaned thoroughly. 03Avoid raw food, reheat thoroughly although salmonella is common, and has strong resistance to the outside world and can survive in water, dairy and meat foods for several months. However, it can be killed by high temperature. It can be inactivated by heating at 60°C for 30 minutes. Therefore, no matter how greedy you are for half-cooked beef, runny eggs, raw seafood, etc., pregnant mothers should control their mouths. Even when consuming dairy products, you should choose fresh, unsterilized milk, goat milk, etc. that have been sterilized or pasteurized at high temperatures, and do not try them lightly. 04 Do it yourself and have enough food and clothing. Although many pregnant mothers order takeout or eat in restaurants to save trouble, it is difficult to ensure the safety and hygiene of these outside foods in terms of ingredients, transportation, storage, processing, etc. Therefore, for the sake of caution, if you have time and conditions, try to cook and eat at home. If you can\’t do it yourself, you still have a husband. In short, it is better to eat less takeout and less restaurants during pregnancy, especially some roadside snacks. All in all, although it is important for pregnant mothers to supplement nutrition and eat a variety of foods, safety and health still come first. In addition to paying attention to what you eat every day and how you eat, you cannot take it lightly. Otherwise, the carefully selected ingredients in the kitchen and the delicious meals in the restaurant may become a sharp knife that threatens the healthy and happy growth of pregnant mothers and their fetuses!