What should pregnant women do if they catch a cold in summer?

What should pregnant women do if they catch a cold in summer? Respiratory function changes in early pregnancy. At 18 weeks, the pregnant woman\’s oxygen consumption increases by 10 to 20% (50% of which is consumed by the fetus). The ventilation capacity of the lungs increases by up to 40%. In order to meet the oxygen demand of the pregnant woman and the fetus, coupled with the congestion and edema of the respiratory mucosa of the nose, pharynx, trachea, etc. of the pregnant woman, upper respiratory tract infection is easily caused. Due to the increased demand for oxygen by pregnant women, respiratory diseases related to pregnancy are more likely to worsen. What kind of cold affects the fetus? A common cold has mild symptoms, such as runny nose and sneezing. It has little impact on the fetus, and there is no need to take medicine. It will be fine after a few days of rest. However, in the early stages of pregnancy (5 to 14 weeks), it is mainly the time when the fetal embryonic development organs are formed. If you contract influenza and the symptoms are severe, it will have a greater impact on the fetus. Taking medicine during this period will also have greater risks to the fetus. First 3 months of pregnancy: Pregnant women should not take any medications during these 3 months, and if they catch a cold, they should be treated according to the doctor\’s advice. If a pregnant woman catches a cold within 2 weeks of ovulation, medicine can be used without affecting the fetus. If you catch a cold after 2 weeks of ovulation, the medication may have an impact on the fetus, because the fetus\’s central nervous system has begun to develop at this time. In this case, the doctor may advise the pregnant woman to terminate the pregnancy. Second trimester: Medications that can damage the auditory nerve, such as gentamicin, streptomycin, and kanamycin, should be used with caution at this time. If you have a fever, you can ask your doctor to choose some Chinese herbal medicines with fewer side effects. Isatis root, Daqingye, Forsythia suspensa, Qianghuo, honeysuckle, etc., which have heat-clearing, detoxifying and anti-viral effects, all have good curative effects. If a cold is accompanied by a high fever, it often indicates a serious condition and you should see a doctor promptly. Do not take indomethacin, which is an antipyretic drug that is contraindicated for pregnant women. Pregnant women in the third trimester: Taking cold medicine at this time generally does not have much impact on pregnant women and fetuses. You can choose the appropriate drug with your doctor\’s advice. Pregnant women should take cold medicines to prevent colds during pregnancy, including some Chinese patent medicines, which are not absolutely safe for the fetus. Therefore prevention is most important. 1. Hands are the main route of transmission of colds in pregnant women. Wash your hands frequently and don\’t touch your face with dirty hands. 2. The \”three high\” diet can easily cause pregnant women to catch a cold. High-fat, high-protein, and high-sugar foods can reduce human immunity. Therefore, the dietary method to prevent colds is to combine meat and vegetables and pay attention to nutritional balance. 3. Pregnant women who like salty food are prone to colds. To prevent colds, you should eat more light foods. Due to the osmotic effect of sodium salt, the function of epithelial cells is inhibited, reducing the secretion of anti-disease factors such as interferon, and the virus takes the opportunity to invade the upper respiratory tract mucosa and induce colds. 4. Pregnant women who catch cold feet are prone to colds. If the feet catch cold, it will reflexively cause the blood vessels of the nasal mucosa to constrict, making people vulnerable to cold viruses. 5. Pregnant women who are nervous and worried are prone to colds. The immune function of depressed people is reduced, which reduces the body\’s ability to kill pathogenic microorganisms. The local immune function of the respiratory tract is reduced, allowing cold viruses to take advantage of them. 6. Pregnant women are more likely to catch a cold if their toothbrush is unclean. Some toothbrushes are often placed in dark and humid places, where germs can easily breed and multiply. When brushing, viruses are transplanted into the mouth through the toothbrush, which can easily induce colds. 7. Brown sugar and ginger water, have a beautiful sleep. When an expectant mother catches a cold or feelsWhen you feel like having a cold, drink a bowl of hot brown sugar ginger water and then have a good sleep. In addition, eating raw garlic and raw onions regularly can also prevent colds. Garlic not only has the effect of preventing colds, but also inhibits intestinal pathogenic bacteria. 8. And respiratory defense. Eat more foods containing zinc. When zinc is lacking, the respiratory defense function decreases, and pregnant women need to consume more zinc-containing foods than usual. Foods such as seafood, lean meat, peanuts, sunflower seeds, and beans are rich in zinc. 9. Vitamin C and ciliary movement of respiratory tract. Vitamin C is a scavenger of harmful peroxides in the body, and it also improves the ciliary movement and defense functions of the respiratory tract. It is recommended to eat more foods rich in vitamin C or vitamin C tablets, such as tomatoes, cauliflower, green peppers, citrus, strawberries, kiwi, watermelon, grapes, etc. 10. Don’t forget boiled water. Drinking more water is very effective in preventing colds and pharyngitis. It is best to drink 600 to 800 ml of water every day. Colds in pregnant women can occur throughout the year, and are most popular in winter and spring. Pregnant women may experience symptoms such as general malaise, headache, sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, sore throat, fever and loss of appetite. Severe colds in pregnant women Patients are prone to complications such as bronchitis, sinusitis, otitis media, pneumonia, Reye\’s syndrome, etc., which should not be ignored!

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