When can I have a caesarean section?

A caesarean section is a common obstetric and gynecological surgery that is usually performed when natural birth is not possible or dangerous. This article will introduce the indications, surgical methods, postoperative care and risks of caesarean section. 1. Indications Indications for caesarean section include: 1. Placenta previa or placental abruption: When the placenta covers the cervix, natural delivery will cause fetal asphyxia and massive bleeding, and a caesarean section is required. 2. Abnormal fetal position: such as breech or transverse position, etc., making natural delivery impossible. 3. Fetal distress: Fetal hypoxia or abnormal heart rate requires a caesarean section as soon as possible. 4. Previa uterus: The opening of the cervix is ​​insufficient or atretic, making natural delivery impossible. 5. Older mothers: Older age, larger fetus, abnormal fetal position and other factors increase the risk of natural delivery. 6. Other special conditions: such as gestational diabetes, uterine scars, etc. 40-week pregnancy manual download [PDF + TXT version] 2. Surgical methods The surgical methods of caesarean section include: 1. Transverse abdominal incision: transversely incise the skin and uterus in the lower abdomen, often used for caesarean section in emergency situations. 2. Transabdominal straight incision: vertical incision of the skin and uterus in the lower abdomen, often used in cases of abnormal fetal position or pregnancy complications. 3. Laparoscopic surgery: Enter the abdominal cavity through a small hole lens to perform a caesarean section. The postoperative incision is small and recovery is quick. 3. Postoperative care: You need to pay attention to the following points after cesarean section: 1. Rest: You need to rest in the hospital for a period of time after the operation and avoid strenuous activities. 2. Diet: You need to gradually resume your diet after surgery to avoid overeating or improper eating. 3. Wound care: You need to pay attention to the cleaning and disinfection of the wound after surgery to avoid infection. 4. Prevent thrombosis: Measures to prevent thrombosis are required after surgery, such as wearing elastic stockings and early activity. 5. Pay attention to observation: You need to pay attention to the wound condition, urination and defecation after surgery. 4. Risks There are certain risks in caesarean section surgery, including: 1. Surgical risks: such as surgical bleeding, infection, surgical trauma, etc. 2. Anesthesia risks: such as adverse reactions during anesthesia. 3. Postoperative risks: such as wound infection, lochia, etc. 4. Long-term effects: such as the impact of caesarean section on maternal physical recovery, uterine recovery, etc. In summary, caesarean section is a common obstetric and gynecological surgery that is usually performed when natural delivery is impossible or dangerous. Necessary examinations and evaluations need to be carried out before surgery, and wound care and prevention of complications need to be paid attention to after surgery. If you have any discomfort or abnormality, you should seek medical treatment in time.

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